Wednesday, September 05, 2018

5th September,2018 daily global regional local rice e-newsletter

Global Rice Market 2018 Research Report Overview by Top Key Players, Opportunities, Key Drivers, Application and Regional Outlook To 2023

By  , in Business Industry News Market News on October 3, 2018 .
The report describes the development of the industry by overall Challenging & Sub sequential industry development, key companies, as well as type segment & market application and so on, and makes an authentic Forecast for the development industry prospects on the basis of analysis. finally, Rice Market analyses opportunities for investment in the industry at the end of the report.
Rice market report sales, import, export and revenue figures are also developing in the forecast period to 2023. The key players and brands are making their moves by product launches, researches, their joint ventures, merges, and accusations and are getting successful results.
Rice Market Report gives strategists, advertisers and senior administration with the basic data they have to evaluate the Global Rice Market. Alongside deliberately breaking down the key small scale Market, the report likewise centres around industry-particular drivers, restrictions, openings and difficulties in the Rice market. This examination report offers top to bottom investigation of the market measure (income), piece of the overall industry, real market portions, and diverse geographic locales, gauge for the following five years, key market players, and premium industry patterns. It likewise centres around the key drivers, restrictions, openings and difficulties.
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The Middle East and Africa together account for nearly half of the total rice trade. The global rice consumption is dominated by countries in the Asia-Pacific region like China, India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, and Vietnam. Within rice varieties, Japonica rice accounts for the highest share of the global rice trade (around 12%), followed by Basmati rice (around 10%). World trade in glutinous rice has been increasing over the past 3 years. Rice import scenario is quite fragmented, with the top five importers accounting for only 30% of the global imports.
Favorable Trade Policies
Rice has a critical role in food security, hence it is politically sensitive and vulnerable to national government policy actions and private sector speculation almost all around the world. The international rice trade policies can be characterized by importing and exporting countries. While importing countries pursue market-stabilizing policies, exporting countries pursue policies to promote rice exports. Strategies like subsidies, credit guarantees and State controlled trading monopolies, bans or quotas on rice imports, etc. are among policy strategies implemented to isolate their domestic markets from external competition and to boost exports. The government sets minimum support prices and provides input subsidies at the farm level, coupled with policies on procurement, stocks, and distribution.
Thailand, Vietnam, India, Pakistan, and US dominates the market in Exports 
The top five rice exporters, Thailand, Vietnam, India, Pakistan, and the US represent 85% of the overall trade in rice. In spite of current uncertainties with regard to the effect of Thailand’s plan and other rice approaches into the future, the country with its production resources and strong focus on quality and branding is expected to remain the best as worldwide rice exporter over the time frame. Slower rice trade development is normal for Vietnam and the US because of area limitations, and irrigation constraints on account of the US. Worldwide net rice exports are anticipated to develop by 9.3 million metric ton over the benchmark time frame.
Reasons to Purchase this Report
• Identify the largest importing and exporting regions in the global rice trade analysis and their growth trends during the forecast period
• Analyzing various dynamics of the trade market with the help of trade dynamics
• To understand the regions that are expected to witness fastest growth during the forecast period
• 3-month analyst support, along with the Market Estimate sheet (in Excel)
Customization of the Report
• This report can be customized to meet your requirements. Please connect with our representative, who will ensure you get a report that suits your needs.
Price of Report (Single User Licence): – $4250
Rice Market Forecast 2018-2023
The Rice industry research report analyses the supply, sales, production, and market status comprehensively. Production market shares and sales market shares are analysed along with the study of capacity, production, sales, and revenue. Several other factors such as import, export, gross margin, price, cost, and consumption are also analysed under the section Analysis of Rice production, supply, sales and market status.
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Basmati Rice Sales Market Research Report: Market Overview with Geographical Segmentation by Revenue with Forecast 2025

By  , in Industry News on October 3, 2018 . Tagged width: 
Basmati Rice Sales Market report includes the overall and comprehensive study of the Basmati Rice Sales market with all its aspects influencing the growth of the market. This report is exhaustive quantitative analyses of the Basmati Rice Sales industry and provides data for making Strategies to increase the market growth and effectiveness.
Basmati Rice Sales market is valued at USD XX million in 2017 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2017 and 2025.&r
Browse Detailed TOC, Tables, Figures, Charts and Companies Mentioned in Basmati Rice Sales Market Research Report at
Top Key Players of Basmati Rice Sales Market:
KRBL Limited, Amira Nature Foods, LT Foods, Best Foods, Kohinoor Rice, Aeroplane Rice, Tilda Basmati Rice, Matco Foods, Amar Singh Chawal Wala, Hanuman Rice Mills, Adani Wilmar, HAS Rice Pakistan, Galaxy Rice Mill, Dunar Foods, Sungold
and more
Basmati Rice Sales market report helps in making informed business decisions by having complete insights of market and by making in-depth analysis of market segments.
Major classifications are as follows: Indian Basmati Rice, Pakistani Basmati Rice, Kenya Basmati Rice, Other.
Major applications are as follows: Direct Edible, Deep Processing more.
Basmati Rice Sales Market Regional Analysis Covers: 
North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia, India
Basmati Rice Sales Market Research Report 2018-2025 provides Market characteristics, Opportunities, Development Factors, Segmentation analysis, Industry growth, sales, and Forecast 2025.
Basmati Rice Sales market report explains development trend, analysis of upstream raw materials, downstream buyers, and current market dynamics is also carried out. In the end, the report makes some important proposals for a new project of Basmati Rice Sales industry before evaluating its possibility.
Key questions answered in the Basmati Rice Sales Market Report:
  • What will the market size and the growth rate be in 2025?
  • What are the key market trends impacting the growth of the global Basmati Rice Sales market?
  • What are the challenges to market growth?
  • What are the market opportunities and threats faced by the vendors in the global Basmati Rice Sales market?
  • What are the key outcomes of the five forces analysis of the global Basmati Rice Sales market?
Price of Report: $4000 (Single User)

DTI mulls ‘price setting’ for rice and sugar

By Bernie Cahiles-Magkilat
The Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) is looking at implementing “price setting” for rice and sugar by allowing the importation for those who can guarantee to sell rice at P38 per kilo and sugar at P50 per kilo.
DTI Secretary Ramon M. Lopez said this “price-setting” approach could ensure cheaper rice and sugar are available in the market.
Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) Secretary Ramon Lopez (ALBERT ALCAIN/PPD / MANILA BULLETIN)
Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) Secretary Ramon Lopez (ALBERT ALCAIN/PPD / MANILA BULLETIN)
On rice, Lopez said the government plans to bring in 350,000 metric tons of rice to be imported by major retailers to boost supply of the grain for the B,C,D markets.
This is on top of the 750,000 MT earlier approved by the National Food Authority (NFA) Council for importation.
Lopez said DTI has invited major supermarket chains to undertake the importation activities with an undertaking of selling the well-milled rice at P38 per kilo, the pre inflation price of the variety consumed mainly by the target market and whose price has gone up to P44 to P45.
Lopez said since the need is immediate he hopes the imports will arrive by end October.
“We will make the import conditional
on this undertaking and they will be given permission,” he said.
Import permit can be given for specific volume per period and targetted price, but the importers will still have to pay for the 35 percent tariff for the protection of farmers. Their sales will be audited to verify that all stock permitted to import are sold at the desired price.
“This way, we don’t need to worry about layers of traders who will just make margins in the process. With this scheme, we allow retailers who will undertake
to sell all their imported stocks at the set price,” he said.
Lopez has already raised the idea to Agriculture Secretary Manny Piñol, concurrent chairman of the NFA Council, who was amenable to the DTI proposal because this means faster distribution and a guarantee that the low-priced commodities will reach the consumers. With that, Lopez said, “DTI will develop the procedure.”
Basically, this will allow importation for those who will give undertaking to DTI and Department of Agriculture that they will sell at those prices.
This proposal is in response to the Administrative Order 26 of President Duterte to find ways to facilitate importation and availability of basic commodities especially rice and sugar.
The lower-priced price rice and sugar will be made available in supermarkets, and DTI and DA outlet stores – DTI Suking Outlets and DA Malasakit Stores.
While this measure is not for major profit for retailers, the DTI computation showed traders will get a reasonable return based on costing.
Lopez also expects the measure to keep traders on their toes.
Low supply of sugar
Meanwhile, the Sugar Regulatory Administration (SRA) fears that there might be a very thin gap in the supply and demand of sugar in the coming months as most sugar mills and refineries are seen to ramp up their operations only by January next year.
SRA Board Member Roland Beltran bared this as he rationalized the need for the recently approved importation of 150,000 metric tons (MT) of sugar. If it pushes through, this would be the second time the Philippines is importing sugar this year and would be the first time the country is importing at the start of a sugar crop year, which stretches from September to August of the following year.
This move is contained in Sugar Order No. 2 (SO2), which also allowed end-users of sugar or sugar-using industries to directly import sugar for the first time ever.
“This is a preemptive importation to stabilize prices. Our data shows tightness of sugar supply between the months September to December. January is the peak season for the sugarcane industry,” Beltran said.
“Consumption and sugar mills are not yet fully operational. There are mills that will only start milling this October, 2018, and some will start milling in November, 2018. The peak milling season is January 2019,” he added.
Based on a data provided by SRA, there are only 10 sugar mills and refinery that have started operation so far. Some of these firms are Sweet Crystals Integrated Sugar Mill Corporation, Victorias Milling Company, First Farmers Holding, Corp., Central Azucarera Don Pedro Inc., Central Azucarera de Tarlac, and Universal Robina Corp-Sonedco.
But even before the SRA approved the importation of 150,000 MT of sugar, the National Federation of Sugar Workers (NFSW) already “vehemently opposed” the move, saying this would lower the prices of local sugar as well as the wages given to sugar workers.
John Milton Lozande, secretary general of NFSW, said the importation will negatively affect the lives of 780,000 sugar workers in the Philippines. (With a report from Madelaine B. Miraflor)

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EMEA Basmati Rice Market Report Top-Companies Offerings and Market by End-User Segments Forecasted Till 2025

By  , in Uncategorized on October 3, 2018 . Tagged width: 
EMEA Basmati Rice
EMEA Basmati Rice Market Research report 2018-2025 offers a unique tool for evaluating the market, New Opportunities and supporting strategies. EMEA Basmati Rice Market report provides information on trends, developments and focuses on market, materials, capacities, technologies and on the changing structure.
“EMEA Basmati Rice market is valued at USD XX million in 2017 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2017 and 2025.”
Top Key Players of EMEA Basmati Rice Market:
KRBL Limited, Amira Nature Foods, LT Foods, Best Foods, Kohinoor Rice, Aeroplane Rice, Tilda Basmati Rice, Matco Foods, Amar Singh Chawal Wala, Hanuman Rice Mills, Adani Wilmar, HAS Rice Pakistan, Galaxy Rice Mill, Dunar Foods, Sungold
and more
Looking Forward to Industry chain analysis, the EMEA Basmati Rice industry report covers upstream raw materials, downstream buyers, Marketing Channels, development trends and includes more valuable information with 7-year Forecast.
Major classifications are as follows: Indian Basmati Rice, Pakistani Basmati Rice, Kenya Basmati Rice, Other.
Major applications are as follows: Direct Edible, Deep Processing more.
Browse Detailed TOC, Tables, Figures, Charts and Companies Mentioned in EMEA Basmati Rice Market Research Report at
EMEA Basmati Rice Market Regional Analysis Covers:
Europe: Germany, France, UK, Russia, Italy and Benelux;
Middle East: Saudi Arabia, Israel, UAE and Iran;
Africa: South Africa, Nigeria, Egypt and Algeria.
EMEA Basmati Rice Market report analyses the market potential for each geographical region based on the growth rate, macroeconomic parameters, consumer buying patterns, demand and present scenarios in EMEA Basmati Rice industry.
What our EMEA Basmati Rice Market report offers:
–Market share assessments for the regional and country level segments
–Market share analysis of the top industry players
–Market Trends (Drivers, Constraints, Opportunities, Threats, Challenges, Investment Opportunities, and recommendations)
–Strategic recommendations in key business segments based on the market estimations
–Competitive landscaping Direct Edible, Deep Processinging the key common trends
–Company profiling with detailed strategies, and recent developments
Price of Report: $4000 (Single User)

Basmati Rice Market Consumption Forecast by Applications 2018-2025

By  , in Uncategorized on October 3, 2018 . Tagged width: 

Basmati Rice
Basmati Rice Market report covers the current market size and its growth rates based on 7-year forecast data along with key players profile of company/manufactures. The information on trends and developments, focuses on markets, capacities, technologies of the Global Basmati Rice Market.
Basmati Rice market is valued at USD XX million in 2017 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2017 and 2025.&r
Browse Detailed TOC, Tables, Figures, Charts and Companies Mentioned in Basmati Rice Market Research Report at
The Basmati Rice market offers company profiling, product specifications, sales, market share and size of Basmati Rice industry. The in-depth evidence by segments of Basmati Rice helps in markets future profitability to make critical decisions for growth.
Top Key Players of Basmati Rice Market: KRBL Limited, Amira Nature Foods, LT Foods, Best Foods, Kohinoor Rice, Aeroplane Rice, Tilda Basmati Rice, Matco Foods, Amar Singh Chawal Wala, Hanuman Rice Mills, Adani Wilmar, HAS Rice Pakistan, Galaxy Rice Mill, Dunar Foods, Sungold and more
Major classifications are as follows: Indian Basmati Rice, Pakistani Basmati Rice, Kenya Basmati Rice, Other.
Major applications are as follows: Direct Edible, Deep Processing more.
Geographically, this report is segmented into several key Regions, with production, consumption, revenue, and market share and growth rate of Basmati Rice in these regions, from 2018 to 2025 (forecast), covering –
North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia, India and its Share.
Following would be the Chapters to display the Basmati Rice market:
Chapters 01: Executive summary
Chapters 02: Scope of the report
Chapters 03: Market research methodology
Chapters 04: Introduction
Chapters 05: Market landscape
Chapters 06: Market segmentation by type
Chapters 07: Market segmentation by geography
Chapters 08: Market drivers
And continued….
Have Any Query or Specific Requirement? Ask to Our Expert
List of Exhibits in Basmati Rice Market report:
  • Exhibit 01: Major countries covered
  • Exhibit 02: Product offerings
  • Exhibit 03: Five forces analysis
  • Exhibit 04: Impact of drivers and challenges
  • Exhibit 05: Key countries in each region
  • Exhibit 06: Global Basmati Rice Market shares by geographies 2018
  • Exhibit 07: Global Basmati Rice Market shares by geographies 2025
  • Exhibit 08: Geographical segmentation by revenue 2018
And continued….
Price of Report: $3500 (Single User)
United States Basmati Rice Market Landscape and Its Growth Prospects 2018-2025

By  , in Industry News on October 3, 2018 . Tagged width: 

United States Basmati Rice
The United States Basmati Rice Market research report is a professional and in-depth study on the current state also focuses on the major drivers and restraints for the key players. United States Basmati Rice Industry research report also provides granular analysis of the market share, segmentation, revenue forecasts and geographic regions of the market.
United States Basmati Rice market is valued at USD XX million in 2017 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2017 and 2025.&r
Browse Detailed TOC, Tables, Figures, Charts and Companies Mentioned in United States Basmati Rice Market Research Report at
The United States Basmati Rice Market research report covers the present scenario and the growth prospects of the global United States Basmati Rice industry for 2018-2025.
Key Vendors of United States Basmati Rice Market:
KRBL Limited, Amira Nature Foods, LT Foods, Best Foods, Kohinoor Rice, Aeroplane Rice, Tilda Basmati Rice, Matco Foods, Amar Singh Chawal Wala, Hanuman Rice Mills, Adani Wilmar, HAS Rice Pakistan, Galaxy Rice Mill, Dunar Foods, Sungold
And many more…
United States Basmati Rice market report provides key statistics on the market status of the United States Basmati Rice manufacturers and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the United States Basmati Rice industry.
Major classifications are as follows: Indian Basmati Rice, Pakistani Basmati Rice, Kenya Basmati Rice, Other.
Major applications are as follows: Direct Edible, Deep Processing more.
The United States Basmati Rice market report also presents the vendor landscape and a corresponding detailed analysis of the major vendors operating in the United States Basmati Rice industry. United States Basmati Rice market report analyses the market potential for each geographical region based on the growth rate, macroeconomic parameters, consumer buying patterns, and United States Basmati Rice market demand and supply scenarios.
For Any Query, Contact Our Expert @
United States Basmati Rice Market Regional Analysis Covers: 
The West, Southwest, The Middle Atlantic, New England, The South, The Midwest
Key questions answered in United States Basmati Rice market report:
  • What are the key trends in United States Basmati Rice market?
  • What are the Growth Challenges of this market?
  • What will the market size growth be in 2025?
  • What are the key factors driving this market?
  • Who are the key vendors in this market space?
  • How key drivers and challenges impact this market?
  • What are the strengths and weaknesses of the key vendors?
  • What are the United States Basmati Rice market opportunities, market risk and market overview?
How revenue of this United States Basmati Rice market in previous next coming years?
The report then estimates 2018-2025 market development trends of United States Basmati Rice market. Analysis of upstream raw materials, downstream demand, and current market dynamics is also carried out. In the end, the report makes some important proposals for a new project of United States Basmati Rice market before evaluating its feasibility.
United States Basmati Rice Market Report Covered:
United States Basmati Rice Market Landscape
Market research methodology
Market landscape
Market segmentation by type
Geographical segmentation
United States Basmati Rice Market drivers
Five Forces Analysis
Vendor landscape
Key vendor analysis
List of Exhibits in United States Basmati Rice market report:
And continued…
Price of Report: $3800 (Single User)
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Annual California Field Day Heralds 70th Anniversary of Calrose  

BIGGS, CA -- Last week, the California Rice Experiment Station hosted their annual field day here that included a special celebration marking the 70th year of the release of Calrose 1948, the founding California medium grain variety developed by Jenkin Jones and Loren Davis.  Today Calrose is a market trade name for California medium grain rice and known worldwide.  

Adding to the celebratory atmosphere, the weather, a balmy 77 degrees, encouraged excited discussions and general disbelief.  Attendees told stories of the usually scorching temperatures of previous field days and marveled at the beautiful morning that was 30 degrees cooler than the same day last year.  

Poster viewing was the first item on the agenda, covering various topics from genetic characterization of weedy rice to management of tadpole shrimp with insecticides.  Speakers at the morning General Session highlighted the release of M-210 and M-206, two varieties new to California seed growers that feature a blast resistant gene developed with marker-assisted selection. 

Experiment Station staff hosted field tours to showcase research that included an evaluation of new weed control tools, and test plots highlighting successful California rice varieties and those currently in development.  

Field Day 2018 concluded with a luncheon that, along with sushi rolls prepared on site, offered samples of several California rice varieties, including Calaroma-201, the new California long grain variety with a jasmine-like aroma profile and cooking qualities. 

"California Field Day 2018 was a great success,thanks to a big assist from Mother Nature and the beautiful weather," said USA Rice President & CEO Betsy Ward.   "Talking with farmers here from across the region, all signs indicate they can look forward to a healthy crop and a fruitful harvest."
USA Rice Daily

Rice farmers relying on water from Highland Lakes amid absent rains

By Mary Huber - American-Statesman Staff
MICHAEL CIAGLOCombines harvest rice at Ray Stoesser’s farm last summer on July 26, 2017 in Raywood. Rice farmers buy their water from the LCRA at a lower cost with the expectation their supply can be cut off at any time if circumstances warrant. So far that has not had to happen this drought season. (Michael Ciaglo/Houston Chronicle via AP)
Posted: 3:55 p.m. Sunday, September 02, 2018

Drought conditions have caused Austin and the LCRA to tighten water restrictions this summer.
Rice farmers are facing the first curtailment of their water supplies in three years amid the drought.
As drought conditions worsen throughout Texas, and Austin officials have restricted the amount of water residents can use, many have asked why rice farmers downstream on the Colorado River are still getting water from the Highland Lakes.
So far this year, the Lower Colorado River Authority, which manages the lakes, has sent 124,942 acre-feet of water from the reservoirs at Lakes Travis and Buchanan to farmers in Colorado, Wharton and Matagorda counties.
That’s more than double the 59,266 acre-feet sent downstream to agricultural customers all of last year, when rainfall was more abundant and farmers could rely on flows from the Colorado River to sustain their rice fields.
LCRA vice president of water John Hofmann said the rice farmers, like everyone else this year, are relying on stored water to survive in the dry time when rainfall is sparse and drought conditions have spread to three-fourths of the state.
“Right now all of our customers are using more water from the reservoirs, whether it is your local cities such as Austin, Leander, Cedar Park, Pflugerville, or whether it is industries or power plants,” he said.
The LCRA provides water to residential, agricultural and industrial customers throughout Texas. Most cities rely on their own resources first before they come to the LCRA for stored water, just like farmers rely on the river before the reservoirs.
With a rainfall deficit of at least 5 inches less than normal for the year so far in Austin, water supplies are running low.
“The heart of the issue is … this is why we have the lakes,” Hofmann said. “We create these water supply impoundments to capture the rainfall in periods that are wet so we have frequent supply in dry periods.”
Rice farmers will get 28 percent less water from the LCRA this year for their second crop, which is harvested in mid-October. It is the first time the river authority has curtailed their water supply in three years because of the drought.
Steve Savage, whose family has been farming rice in Bay City for more than 100 years, said if it doesn’t rain soon it will be difficult to harvest his second crop. His business depends on water from the LCRA to survive, and with the cutbacks, he has to be ultra-conservative this year, he said.
“It is stressful enough being a farmer and dealing with the elements, and you put a water curtailment on top of all that, it makes it worse,” Savage said. “We never worried about water before. Now it is something we think about all the time.”
A good dousing would mean Savage could rely on water from the Colorado River instead of the LCRA.
He said he eyes the forecast and prays for rain.
“One big thunderstorm in the right place in two days, the lakes could be running over into the streets of Austin,” he said.
Hofmann said the water supply is still in good shape despite the drought.
On Sunday, Lakes Travis and Buchanan were filled to 68 percent of capacity.
In 2013, one of the region’s worst drought years, they were drained to as low as 32 percent of capacity. The loss had been exacerbated by the LCRA’s decision in 2011 to send a whopping 433,251 acre-feet of water, or 141 billion gallons, downstream to the rice farmers, at the start of the multi-year drought.
The water management plan in place at the time only looked at lake levels on Jan. 1 to determine the amount of water to make available to farmers. The LCRA said it didn’t anticipate the dry conditions in the months ahead and did not have the necessary provisions to protect the water supply. They had to seek emergency orders through the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality between 2012 and 2015 to halt the flow of water entirely to farmers.
The river authority now looks at lake levels and inflows on both March 1, for the first rice crop of the season, and on July 1, for the second rice crop. If the reservoirs fall below certain levels, the river authority can reduce the amount of water it makes available to farmers. If they fall even lower, it can shut it off completely.
Rice farmers buy their water from the LCRA at a lower cost with the expectation their supply can be cut off at any time if circumstances warrant. So far that has not had to happen this drought season. Next year could prove harder for farmers.
“This year going into 2018, there was ample water in the lakes so we could basically plant what we wanted to plant,” Savage said. “Going into 2019 it is going to be a lot tougher because there hasn’t been rain.”
States Bask In Rice Production As Nigeria Plans To Exit Import By 2020
September 5, 2018 By CHIKA IZUORA
 Chief Audu Ogbeh, minister of agriculture and rural development recently in Lagos made a solemn claim but with firm assurance that by 2020, Nigeria will not only stop rice importation but will assume a status of net exporter. CHIKA IZUORA in this report, looks at indices that give impetus to this stance.
It was at a lecture organised by the Catholic Brothers United, a religious group at the St. Agnes Catholic Church, Maryland in Lagos.
Chief Audu Ogbeh, minister of agriculture and rural development was the guest speaker on the topic, “Technology and Agricultural Revolution: A Tool for Economic Growth”. Throughout the duration of the lecture that lasted more than three hours, he spoke extensively on governments efforts to boost rice production in the country.’’ According to him, at the moment Nigeria has reduced rice importation by 90 per cent, meaning we need just a little effort to achieve 100 per year. He emphatically said that in two years, Nigeria will exit rice importation. Ogheh, insisted that Nigeria is going to be self-sufficient in rice production and prices are also expected to fall. However, a peep into the industry in the past indeed, shows a fluctuation of the local commodity production from 2,400 to 3,600 in the past five years.
 The import rates have also increased to 5,850 from 4,800 during the same period of time. At the same time, the country is experiencing a rise in consumption rate of the same commodity. Last year, the consumption rate has risen to seven million Metric Tons according to government statistics with only 2.7 million metric tons produced by Nigerian farmers. In 2016, Nigeria projected to reach 2.7 million metric tons in 2017 if government policy of restricting importation was strictly adhered to.
 According to the Nigeria rice production statistics, the imports have started to make up 50 per cent of the local consumption rates. However, after a policy turn around towards promoting agriculture, Nigeria has realised an estimated N102.6 billion as revenue from the value of rice produced locally by farmers in 18 states under the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN’s) Anchor Borrower Programme (ABP).
According to Growth and Employment in States (GEMS4) report on Nigeria’s rice production from the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, a programme funded by the United Kingdom Department for International Development (DfID), titled “Mapping of rice produc-tion clusters in Nigeria,” GEMS4 revealed that Nigeria is reaping from the CBN’s Anchor Borrowers Programme and is on the verge of attaining its rice self-sufficiency target this year. A breakdown of the report last year, revealed that the total paddy production in Nigeria in 2016 was estimated at 17,487,562 metric tons, leaving a balance of about 11.4 million metric tons after accounting for 12.4 per cent of rice production wasted due to post-harvest losses. Consequently, this left a total of 5.7 million metric tons of milled rice, bringing Nigeria’s rice production closer to the seven million projected milled rice requirement for 2016.
According to the report, 18 states were selected based on their contribution to national production as per the 2015 Agricultural Production Survey (APS). In those 18 states, rice farming was described as widely spread across 165 clusters and 2,812 subclusters. “The 2016 total paddy production estimate is put at 17.5 million tons with a marketing surplus (after post-harvest losses and domestic use) of 11.4 million tons (equivalent to 5.7 million tons milled equivalent), just below the total national demand for rice, which was projected to reach seven million in 2016. This implies that the country is progressing towards its goal of rice self-sufficiency,” the report stated.
Kebbi State led with 3.56 million metric tons for the wet and dry seasons production combined, followed by Kano at 2.82 million metric tons. Kebbi produced 2.05 million metric tons in the wet season and 1.51 million metric tons in the dry season, while Kano produced 1.86 and 0.96 million metric tons during the wet and dry seasons respectively over the same period under review. However, only 10 of the 18 states were involved in the dry season production.
 According to the study, GEMS4 embarked upon a mapping exercise of rice production clusters through researchers and enumerators’ visits to rice production locations in 18 states, namely: Bauchi, Benue, Ebonyi, Ekiti, FCT, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi and Kogi. Others are Kwara, Nassarawa, Niger, Ogun, Sokoto, Taraba and Zamfara. The researchers, according to the study, expressed optimism that information of paddy production clusters will support the development of supply chains from nearby rice clusters around existing commercial rice mills or proposed new plants in the country.
 A cluster is an agglomeration of various rice production communities or sub-clusters, located around specific geographic production continuum, sharing some natural resources, such as water and flood plains. Findings by GEMS4 revealed the responses of states to the federal government’s policy goal of reducing import dependence, particularly of rice, which drains about N1 billion daily on importation. The report also noted that 10 per cent of total arable land in Nigeria is used for rice cultivation, although Nigeria is the largest producer of rice in West Africa, it is the second largest importer of rice globally.
Analysis of the report indicated a dry season production of 4,646,296.64 metric tons or 26.57 per cent, cultivated on 3,037,324 hectares of farmlands and wet season production of 12,841,265.18 metric tons or 73.43 per cent, cultivated over 859,624 hectares. It also showed that 1.43 million rice farmers were involved in the wet season, representing 17.7 per cent of farming families in the wet season in Nigeria.
 In the dry season, however, the estimated total number of farmers was 410,210, representing only 5.1 per cent of the total farming families. A conspicuous finding on the average yield per hectare was that the yields during the dry season were consistently and comparatively higher than in wet seasons for all states involved in both wet and dry season cultivation, which opens an area of great prospects for policy intervention in rice production in Nigeria.
The average yield per hectare of rice during the wet season was found to be the highest in Ebonyi, at 5.63 metric tons, but lowest in Kwara at 2.68 tons. For the dry season, Niger recorded the highest average yield per hectare of 6.45 metric tons while Kaduna had the least average yield per hectare of 3.5 metric tons. GEMS4 report, however, listed the potential for increasing productivity, pointing out that 13 per cent of farmers reported using high-yielding planting method (transplanting seedlings), while 32 per cent used irrigation and 56 per cent had access to one hectare of additional land.
The report listed the challenges observed to include finding that farmers generally reported having difficulties acquiring agroinputs, particularly quality seed and fertiliser and accessing credit. Infrastructure such as irrigation facilities, feeder roads and storage facilities constituted an area of challenge with poor quality or a total lack of it. Others include flooding in wet season, poor access to information on modern methods of farming and post-harvest technologies, poor access to credit, and a loss of labour through migration of young people to cities, resulting in aging farming population.
LEADERSHIP reports that although rice is a traditional crop in Nigeria, local production was limited until recently. Internal demand is growing and, at the same time, rice is a major commodity of world trade. Nigeria is therefore under pressure from international bodies not to restrict imports; production under local conditions to match prices of rice produced on large mechanised farms therefore represents a considerable challenge. Considerable effort has gone into breeding rice for West African conditions by both West Africa Rice Development Association WARDA and national research and dissemination institutions such as the National Cereals Research Institute NCRI.
 DFID therefore commissioned a three-country study, MAPs (Multi-Agency Partnerships) to be co-ordinated by the Overseas Development Institute, on the effectiveness of linkages between local, national and international institutions in disseminating improved technologies for rice production.  Just recently, Kebbi State government, announced it has commenced rice exportation to West and North African countries. Speaking when he hosted the Executive Secretary, Nigerian Shippers’ Council (NSC) Barr Hassan Bello, the governor of the state, Sen. Abubakar Atiku Bagudu said the state has started exporting rice to Republic of Benin, Niger and Libya in the last three years. “We are exporting rice because people from Benin Republic, Niger and Libya are buying our rice except if you are defining export as selling to the West (Europe). Bello had visited the governor with his management team to inform the Governor about the plans to establish an Inland Container Depot (ICD) and a Truck Transit Park in the state. The Governor however assured the Council of the readiness of his administration to support any project that will drive trade facilitation and sustain economic growth.
 He described Kebbi as agrarian state which has potential in agriculture, including aquatic splendour, which makes the state as part of the Blue Sea economy. Bagudu described the ICD and Truck Transit Park as very important projects to the state considering that it has enormous agricultural and minerals deposits. He said that sharing borders with Niger and Benin Republic, Kebbi has an advantage of exporting commodities. The governor also explained that the state has seven big rivers, including Argungu River which promotes the International Fishing Festival that has become a tourist destination. Apart from being a rice producer, Kebbi, the governor said produces onions and pepper, adding that all these have made the planned Lolo Inland Container Depot and Truck Park as very important.
Bello had during the visit informed the governor of the decision to construct the ICD and Truck Park in the state. The NSC CEO while noting that the state was strategically located said the two projects will stimulate the economy of the state with a lot of multiplier effect to the national economy. In a similar move, the Anambra State government has begun deepening its partnership with farmers to further strategise on measures geared toward making the state “the food basket of the nation’’. Governor Willie Obiano said this during a meeting with rice farmers at the Governor’s Lodge, Amawbia.
The farmers across the Rice Value Chain were gathered from the 21 Local Government Areas within the state for the crucial meeting. The governor, while briefing them said his vision was to boost rice yield per hectare, so as to add to the rice production capacity of the state. He noted that his administration’s “vision remains to produce more commercial quantity to supersede consumption capacity. “Anambra is on the verge of exporting rice, in addition to other vegetables it had already started exporting, as it will boost job creation and revenue generation. “The state government intends to realise this through the provision of high-yielding varieties, assisting in bringing in more people into rice production and helping with land clearing” he said, adding that said his government had evolved plans to phase out local millers. “This can only be done when an agreement has been brokered between the local producers and the mechanised millers on the standard price for off take of paddy,” Obiano stated further.

Chinese super hybrid-rice researchers claim new world record yield
2018-09-04 09:13:23Global TimesEditor : Li YanECNS
China has set a new world record for super hybrid rice yield with 17 tons per hectare at a demonstration base in Gejiu, Southwest China's Yunnan Province.
The rice was planted in 6.67 hectares of a demonstration base in Gejiu, a county-level city located on top of a mountain north of the Red River valley, which flows from Yunnan's Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture to Vietnam.
Researchers harvested 17 tons per hectare of the Xiangliangyou 900 super hybrid rice, Beijing-based newspaper Science and Technology Daily reported on Monday.
Such a yield is "a new world record for large area-planted rice output per hectare," according to a statement released on the website of the rice creator: Hunan Hybrid Rice Research Center, a division of the China National Hybrid Rice R&D Center.
More than 100 officials and scientists from all over China witnessed the harvest on Sunday, in which three smaller fields were chosen randomly and then examined for yield by agriculture experts, the statement said.
"The record shows that China's rice breeding technique continues to improve and that China's rice production potential continues to rise," Li Xinqi, a research fellow at the center, told the Global Times on Monday.
The harvested rice was planted in March, the newspaper reported. The rice grew with plentiful, well-developed seeds and no major diseases or pests were spotted, the report said.
Li said the rice could meet the country's demand for emergency food supplies and help farmers profit.
China's "father of hybrid rice" Yuan Longping has set a goal of reaching a rice yield of 18 tons per hectare by 2020, with other demonstration bases in China also striving to reach the goal, according to the statement.
"The plantation model has shown similar results in other places," Li said.

Rising global temperatures to cause insect crop losses, food shortages: Study

·       By BOPHA PHORN
Sep 3, 2018, 7:03 PM ET Description:
Description: PHOTO: A tractor pulls a square baler press and creates square bales from the straw of a harvested wheat field.
Christian Ender/Getty Images
WATCHNews headlines today: Sep. 4, 2018
·       Email
Rising global temperatures are leading to a boom in the number of insects devouring crops worldwide, and could cause future foodshortages, says a study published last week in the journal Science.
According to researchers, the global yield losses of wheat, maize and rice crops to pests, particularly in the temperate northern regions of the globe, are projected to increase by 10 to 25 percent per degree Celsius increase of global mean surface warming.
"The impact of insects because of climate change could be at least as great and perhaps greater than the impact of climate on crop itself directly," Josh Tewksbury, a research professor at the University of Colorado, Boulder, and one of the authors of the study, told ABC News. "The major finding is that we're underestimating the degree to which climate change is going to impact our ability to feed the world."
Description: PHOTO: Damaged leaves from plant eating insects.
Getty Images
Damaged leaves from plant eating insects.
The study found that the U.S., the world largest maize producer, could see a roughly 36 percent increase in insect-induced maize losses by 2050 under current climate warming trajectories, a total reduction of almost 20 million tons annually.
Meanwhile, the world’s top rice producer, China, could expect future insect-induced losses of over 27 million tons annually by 2050.
Wheat produced in European countries will also see a huge crop loss to insects. France alone will lose roughly 2.5 million tons of total wheat production by 2050.
'The impact of insects because of climate change could be at least as great and perhaps greater than the impact of climate on crop itself directly'
To study how rising temperatures and more insects could impact food crops, researchers looked at the impact that insects currently have on rice, maize and wheat. They then calculated the potential for crop damage through 2050 by adding robust climate projection data, crop yield statistics, insect metabolic rates, and demographic information.
As the temperature increases in temperate zones like Europe and the U.S., so does the appetite of pests.
“Insects get hungrier, eat more, their metabolism goes up and in the temperate zone we predict that those insects will reproduce faster. It will get bigger populations every summer,” said Tewksbury.
Description: PHOTO: Seasonal workers from Romania crop cucumbers on June 14, 2018 at the Spreewaldbauer Ricken farm in Sellendorf near Baruth, northeastern Germany, after the crop season was launched.Patrick Pleul/AFP/Getty Images
Seasonal workers from Romania crop cucumbers on June 14, 2018 at the Spreewaldbauer Ricken farm in Sellendorf near Baruth, northeastern Germany, after the crop season was launched.more +
He added that using pesticides to combat the pests will have adverse side effects, are not sustainable solution.
Scott Merrill, a professor at the University of Vermont and one of the authors of the study, said that he hopes this research will help people begin to find solutions to pest increases. One might be using natural predators to combat insects, like parasitic wasps and lady bugs, who will also experience a population boom due to climate change.
“Those are natural enemies that can be used as biological control and they should be experiencing some of the same dynamics that we see with the pest,” said Merrill.
However, not everyone will be able to afford to deal with the pest boom of the future.
"Some of the rich countries will probably find ways that they can manage for these pests although there's going to be a lot more pressure," said Merrill. “I'm really worried about the countries and regions that don't have a lot of resources.”

Chinese super hybrid-rice researchers claim new world record yield

2018-09-04 09:13:23Global TimesEditor : Li Yan
China has set a new world record for super hybrid rice yield with 17 tons per hectare at a demonstration base in Gejiu, Southwest China's Yunnan Province.The rice was planted in 6.67 hectares of a demonstration base in Gejiu, a county-level city located on top of a mountain north of the Red River valley, which flows from Yunnan's Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture to Vietnam.
Researchers harvested 17 tons per hectare of the Xiangliangyou 900 super hybrid rice, Beijing-based newspaper Science and Technology Daily reported on Monday.
Such a yield is "a new world record for large area-planted rice output per hectare," according to a statement released on the website of the rice creator: Hunan Hybrid Rice Research Center, a division of the China National Hybrid Rice R&D Center.
More than 100 officials and scientists from all over China witnessed the harvest on Sunday, in which three smaller fields were chosen randomly and then examined for yield by agriculture experts, the statement said.
"The record shows that China's rice breeding technique continues to improve and that China's rice production potential continues to rise," Li Xinqi, a research fellow at the center, told the Global Times on Monday.
The harvested rice was planted in March, the newspaper reported. The rice grew with plentiful, well-developed seeds and no major diseases or pests were spotted, the report said.
Li said the rice could meet the country's demand for emergency food supplies and help farmers profit.
China's "father of hybrid rice" Yuan Longping has set a goal of reaching a rice yield of 18 tons per hectare by 2020, with other demonstration bases in China also striving to reach the goal, according to the statement."The plantation model has shown similar results in other places," Li said.

Innovations in Climate Smart Agriculture offer South Asian Farmers Prosperity, Part 1

Description: The future of farmers in South Asia depends on innovations like geospatial tools that can identifiy available fresh water resources, developed by CIMMYT.
Part One of a two part series on work in South Asia conducted by the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT)
EL BATAN, Mexico (CIMMYT) – Long before climate smart agriculture became a popular term, farmers and scientists were experimenting with sustainable agriculture techniques to produce high food staple yields with reduced environmental impact.
Since that work began, the need to boost agricultural production while building resilience to climate change and reducing greenhouse gas emissions has become more acute.
Natural resources are under up to five times more stress in South Asia than elsewhere due to agricultural intensification, urbanization, population growth, increasing climate change risks, and difficulties related to land degradation, according to a recent research paper by M.L. Jat, principal scientist based in New Delhi, India with the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), a non-profit international research organization headquartered near Mexico City.
“Over the next 30 years, variability in growing conditions for key staples including rice and wheat resulting effects is projected to lower crop yields by 10 to 40 percent due to climate change,” Jat says, adding that total crop failure will become more common.
“Additionally, during the same period, more than half the current wheat growing area in the key Indo-Gangetic Plains growing area will likely become unsuitable for production due to heat stress.”
However, despite challenges, the future for farmers in the region shows promise, largely due to a combination of efforts by Jat, his CIMMYT scientist colleagues, members of the CGIAR system of agricultural researchers, national agricultural research centers, including the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security, the Borlaug Institute for South Asia (BISA) and the Cereal Systems Initiative of South Asia (CSISA).
Zero tillage techniques with rice-wheat farmers have led to massive benefits for the agricultural community and beyond.
The practice involves sowing wheat seed directly into the soil and rice residues left on the fields without burning crop residue or tilling the soil, leading to environmental and financial benefits from protecting soil and water resources, cutting greenhouse gas emissions, while slashing land preparation costs for farmers.
“Initially, the concept of not tilling the soil led to reactions of disbelief from farmers and policymakers,” Jat says. “But now, it’s extremely rewarding to see farmers are planting in untilled land on almost 2 million hectares throughout India. The technique also has huge regional potential as rice-wheat crop rotation systems are widely used throughout Nepal and Pakistan and are equivalent to almost a quarter of global food production.”
For effective zero tillage, farmers are using Happy Seeder, farm machinery developed by a collaborative network of scientists, including CIMMYT scientists. The tractor-mounted implement, which simultaneously chops rice residues into mulch, cuts open a furrow in the field, plants and covers the seed, was funded initially by the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR), led by Punjab Agricultural University.
In a recent paper titled “Burning issues of paddy residue management in northwest fields of India,” Jat described a range of uses for residues that farmers have traditionally burned to avoid the cost of removal. Many farmers now also use the residues for animal feed and biofuel, for example.
“Farmers can either buy the seeder or hire local service providers to sow their seed on contract if they cannot afford it,” says Jat, who has also conducted research into the benefits of greenhouse gas emissions reduction due to zero tillage techniques.
Rice-wheat, rice-maize, or rice-rice rotations on the same parcel of land, also known as double cropping, sustainably increase production without harming the environment by expanding farmland into natural growth ecosystems. Often groundwater is used for irrigation. In some areas overdraw of groundwater poses a challenge; in other areas, irrigation facilities are not widely developed.
In northwestern Bangladesh, for example, groundwater irrigation is used widely to compensate for drought conditions in the dry winter season. However, in the country’s large coastal region, groundwater extraction leads to high fuel costs for pumping from groundwater. In some areas, deep tube wells also present a health risk due to natural arsenic contamination, says Timothy Krupnik, a CIMMYT systems agronomist who leads CSISA in Bangladesh.  Additionally, in some areas shallow groundwater has high salt concentrations, which can be bad for crops.
Krupnik worked with a team to identify where surface water from canals or rivers can be used as a viable irrigation alternative to encourage double-cropping. The research led to the invention of an online geospatial tool to identify surface water irrigation resources and identify where fallow and low-productivity rainfed cropland can be converted to higher- and more stable-yielding (and risk reducing irrigated crops) using this alternative water source. The remote sensing tool developed with CIMMYT’s Urs Schulthess through CSISA allows users to target ideal places to expand irrigation.
“Although Bangladesh will likely remain mostly reliant on groundwater irrigation, the tool identifies available fresh surface water resources and land that can be sustainably intensified with double cropping,” Krupnik says.

The Land 'Calls Out'; New 'Short Talks' Focuses on Rice Production

Sep. 04, 2018
Description: Benjamin Runkle
University Relations
Benjamin Runkle
FAYETTEVILLE, Ark. – Did you know Arkansas is the top rice producer in the United States?
"We're really a dominant player in global rice production and specifically the U.S.," says Benjamin Runkle, assistant professor of biological and agricultural engineering, in the latest episode of Short Talks From the Hill, a podcast of the University of Arkansas.
Runkle explains why the land "calls out to be rice production fields."
"The whole Delta region of Arkansas is very flat and has rich, fertile soils. … These soils have been deposited by the (Mississippi) river over millennia, and the clays there are really good at holding in water…"
But there's a problem: Much of the Arkansas Delta's water source is declining.
To learn about Runkle's efforts to help Arkansas rice producers use less water and reduce greenhouse gas emissions — and to learn more about Arkansas rice production in general — listen to the podcast.
Short Talks From the Hill highlights research and scholarly work at the University of Arkansas. Hear more Short Talks podcasts at (click on the multimedia link), the home of research news at the University of Arkansas, or the "Local & Podcast" link at

Wheat strengthens on increased offtake by flour mills

Published: September 4, 2018 2:29 PM IST

 New Delhi, Sep 4 (PTI) Wheat prices edged higher by Rs 5 per quintal in an otherwise steady wholesale grains market today due to increased offtake by flour mills.

New Delhi, Sep 4 (PTI) Wheat prices edged higher by Rs 5 per quintal in an otherwise steady wholesale grains market today due to increased offtake by flour mills.
However, jowar eased on subdued demand from consuming industries.
Traders attributed the rise in wheat prices to some demand from flour mills amid pause in arrivals from growing regions.
In the national capital, wheat dara (for mills) inched up by Rs 5 to Rs 1,980-1,985 per quintal. Atta chakki delivery followed suit and enquired higher by a similar margin to Rs 1,990-1,995 per 90 kg.
On the other hand, jowar yellow and white drifted down by Rs 100 each to Rs 1,600-1,650 and Rs 2,800-2,850 per quintal.
Following are today’s quotations (in Rs per quintal): Wheat MP (desi) Rs 2,320-2,420, Wheat dara (for mills) Rs 1,980-1,985, Atta Chakki(delivery) Rs 1,990-1,995, Atta Rajdhani (10 kg) Rs 250-280, Shakti Bhog (10 kg) Rs 275-310, Roller flour mill Rs 1,070-1,090 (50 kg), Maida Rs 1,170-1,180 (50 kg) and Sooji Rs 1,200-1,210 (50 kg).
Basmati rice (Lal Quila) Rs 10,700, Shri Lal Mahal Rs 11,300, Super Basmati rice Rs 9,900, Basmati common new Rs 7,600-7,700, Rice Pusa (1121) Rs 6,700-6,800, Permal raw Rs 2,425-2,450, Permal wand Rs 2,525-2,575, Sela Rs 3,050-3,150 and rice IR-8 Rs 2,025-2,075.
Bajra Rs 1,350-1,355, Jowar yellow Rs 1,600-1,650, white Rs 2,800-2,850, Maize Rs 1,340-1,345, Barley Rs 1,560-1,570.
This is published unedited from the PTI feed.

How floods broke the backbone of plywood factories, rice mills in Kerala

The flood-impact to the plywood business in Perumbavoor, which has, over decades, supported a strong timber-based economy, comes on the heels of the adverse effects of the implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) and the ban on high-value currency notes in 2016.

Written by Vishnu Varma | Perumbavoor | Updated: September 5, 2018 1:02:32 pm
A worker at Chaithanya Plywoods in Perumbavoor town carrying waste after the floods ravaged the factory. (Express photo by Nirmal Harindran)
When the turbulent flood waters of the Periyar were gushing into the factory of Chaithanya Plywoods in Perumbavoor in the early morning hours of August 15, Sadath, the 26-year-old partner of the family-owned firm, was on a business trip to China. When his panic-stricken family informed him of the seriousness of the floods over phone, he switched on his laptop to examine the factory’s condition through the CCTV cameras installed at the facility. What he saw horrified him.
“When you see the water-current, you’d feel as if this is it. This is the end. Jeevitham munnottu ini illa ennu vare thonni poyi (I thought there’s nothing to look forward to life anymore),” said Sadath, who joined his father’s business after passing out of high school.
Within hours, the power at the factory blacked out and so did Sadath’s vision of the enterprise he worked hard to build. Without wasting any more time, he hurriedly booked tickets to reach home.
Last week, Sadath stood inside his factory, seemingly lost in thought, as a dozen workers milled around him, meticulously cleaning small equipment and machinery. The floodwaters, by now, have completely receded from the plywood factory, but has left behind its worst excesses. At least half a dozen major equipment like peeling machines and sensor-embedded debarking machines sat in disrepair. The water, believed to have risen up to a height of 15 ft, had drowned all machinery, rendering them useless. Around Sadath, thousands of finished plywood sheets and sheets of imported face veneer (which are glued on both sides of plywood) have begun to sprout moulds and mushrooms. In one corner of the factory, a large heap of plywood waste sits, waiting for clearance from local government officials to be cleared away.
“We had 85 tonnes of plywood right here which was to be shipped to clients in Chennai and Bengaluru. Much of the material has flowed away, the rest are still here, but all of it is useless. The stock was worth Rs 1.75 cr and if you add the machinery which has to be repaired, our losses would stand at Rs 2 crore,” said Sadath.
 There has been major impact to stocks and machinery at many plywood factories in Perumbavoor. (Express photo by Nirmal Harindran)
Chaitanya Plywoods, that Sadath’s family helms, is one of the critically-affected plywood factories in Perumbavoor, an industrial hub 40 kilometres off Kochi in Kerala. The town, a nerve centre of migrant labour, is considered a major hub for plywood trade with nearly 450 small and medium-size establishments in a 10-km radius, shipping large consignments of furniture-grade plywood and wood veneer to all parts of the country. Till about four years ago, over 60% of the plywood manufactured in Perumbavoor used to be exported to markets in Dubai, Qatar and Sri Lanka. But today, owing to heavy competition with cheaper Chinese-made plywood, officials say exports have nose-dived to less than 20%. Until the floods came, around 200 truck-loads of plywood and face veneer used to be shipped daily from Perumbavoor.
The livelihoods of thousands of inter-state workers, supervisors, mechanics, drivers, carpenters and timber suppliers, based in and around Perumbavoor depend on the plywood trade, making it a major cog in the state’s industrial setup. The floods this year have showered untold damage on the plywood business forcing many entrepreneurs like Sadath to line up in front of banks and insurance firms.
“At least 400 factories deal in plywood trade in Perumbavoor and nearby areas alone, out of which 70 of them have suffered damages of 80 per cent. These are people who had never expected in the wildest of their dreams that the water would rise so high. Many of them are facing losses in excess of Rs 1.5 cr, mainly due to huge stocks of costly, imported face veneer,” said Babu Saidali, state secretary of the Sawmill Owners and Plywood Manufacturing Owners Association.
 Lining up before bank officials and insurance companies is what most plywood factory owners are doing right now. (Express photo by Nirmal Harindran)
“When some of our factories have fire accidents, our association provides funds from within to help them. But we are talking of 70 factory owners here. We have limitations. We have sent a resolution to the Chief Minister’s Office and plan to hold talks with Industries Minister E P Jayarajan. We are expecting government help,” he added.
The plywood industry, which depends heavily on migrant labour, has had to contend with shortage of manpower as well, after the floods. Thousands of migrant workers from Assam Odisha, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh, who form the crux of the labour, have moved out of Perumbavoor, either returning to their home-towns or shifting to wherever they would find work. Factory owners are counting on them to return once the situation improves.
The flood-impact to the plywood business in Perumbavoor, which has, over decades, supported a strong timber-based economy, comes on the heels of the adverse effects of the implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) and the ban on high-value currency notes in 2016.
“Our factory had to completely suspend operations for almost 1.5 months after demonetisation. Then came GST with higher tax cuts. Just as we were recovering from that, the floods came. Now, we are at the mercy of insurance companies. All our stocks are insured, but we have to wait and see how much they will cover,” said Sadath.
The monetary losses today have shaken his family, the 26-year-old admits, but not to the extent of dampening their hopes of recovery. “We are all taking tablets for blood pressure,” he said, with a smile. “My father is getting old and I am the eldest child. I behave as if nothing has happened. They are living with the hope that I would go out there and get some bank loan. Let that belief remain.”
 Perumbavoor, a town 40 kilometres off Kochi, has been prominent for its timber-based allied industry. (Express photo by Nirmal Harindran)
Paddy of the poor
Eight kilometres from Chaithanya Plywood factory sits the huge 5-acre compound of the GM Agro Mills, one of the biggest in the area. The factory procures nearly 200 truck loads of paddy every month from nearby districts which then undergo an extensive process of cleaning, de-husking, polishing, grading and sorting to be packed into large sacks of rice. These sacks then get shipped off across the entire length and breadth of Kerala to private retail outlets and government-owned ration shops.
Along with the plywood trade in Perumbavoor, the floods this monsoon have equally broken the backbone of the rice mills in the area, resulting in massive losses. The town and its surrounding areas of Kalady and Kanjoor have provided hospitable climate for rice mills over the years. From availability of water to open grain markets to a steady supply of cheap, migrant labour, a slew of factors have contributed to the region hosting dozens of rice mills which have pleasantly recorded good profits as well.
But today, many of the rice mills like GM Agro Mills are in a bad state.
 A worker scanning the hundreds of rice sacks damaged by the floods at GM Agro Mills. (Express photo by Nirmal Harindran)
Narayana Kurup, general manager of the GM Agro Mills, is busy in his office these days, shooting off letters to the Food Corporation of India, insurance companies and bank officials. Inside the asbestos-roofed rice mill, a tall staircase leads to Kurup’s tiny office, at least 25 ft high, but when one looks down below, the devastation of rice mills like this one is clearly evident. Hundreds of sacks, filled with thousands of kilograms of rice, lie splayed across the entire breadth of the factory. The pungent smell of rotting rice fills the factory, making it difficult for anyone to stand for more than five minutes.
“This is about 60 truck loads of rice which was meant to reach the people of Konni and Udumbanchola before Onam festival through stores of SupplyCo. It’s all wasted. And the foul smell makes it impossible for us to work here,” says Kurup.
 Owners of rice mills want government authorities to clear the shifting of the damaged stocks as soon as possible. (Express photo by Nirmal Harindran)
SupplyCo is the Kerala State Civil Supplies Corporation founded in 1974 with the objective of regulating prices of essential commodities in the state and making them available to all sections of the society. Today, with more than 1500 retail outlets, SupplyCo is an essential component of the open market between the suppliers and the consumers.
According to Kurup, the sudden flooding of the factory on the intervening night of August 14-15, exacerbated by the release of water from dams like Idamalayar and Mullaperiyar into the Periyar river, made it impossible for them to shift all their stocks to a safer location. “The water was rising very fast and its current is unimaginable. Even a trained swimmer cannot survive in this water. We tried to shift as much as we could,” he said.
“Our preliminary internal estimate suggests losses of up to Rs 12 crores including Rs 2.4 crores for the SupplyCo stock. Parts of our machinery like storage tanks, boilers, dryers and motors have all been damaged. A 11kV transformer of the state electricity board that powers the factory also went under water,” he added.
 GM Agro Mills is one of the major enterprises which has suffered losses running into several crores. (Express photo by Nirmal Harindran)
Varky Peter, secretary of the Kalady-based Kerala Rice Millers Association, said the immediate step the government needs to take is to pass orders to clear and dump the damaged stocks from all factory premises. “As each day passes, it is becoming difficult for us to keep the damaged rice. Storing the damaged rice further will lead to spread of diseases,” he said, over the phone.
“Around 30 of the 70 agro mills in and around Kalady have been affected by the floods. Each factory has given us their estimates which point to a total of Rs 160 crore losses,” he added.
 Most of the stocks at GM Agro Mills in Koovapady was meant to be shipped to SupplyCo depots in Konni and Udumbanchola. (Express photo by Nirmal Harindran)
The rice mill industry in and around Kalady processes and ships about 2000 tonnes of rice a day, 95% of which is the brown-coloured ‘matta’ variety. Paddy is also procured from areas in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Peter says a large section of the population in Kerala, which used to earlier eat ‘matta’ rice has now shifted to the ‘white rice’ that comes mostly from markets in Andhra Pradesh. “People are very cautious about artificial colouring of matta rice which is not true at all. Earlier, over 75% people in Kerala used to consume ‘matta’ rice which has crashed to just about 25-30% now,” he says.
The Association in a statement pleaded to the state government to announce a special financial package for the rice millers so that the industry can get back on its feet as soon as possible. Many of the mill owners are already burdened with heavy loans and interests, it said, adding that it would be cruel to impose more financial constraints on them. “At one time in Kerala, there used to be 2500 rice mills. Now, only about 150 exist. We watch with profound worry how these few remaining rice mills will survive this great calamity,” it said.
Paulson VO, the owner of Kalyan Rice Mill near Manjapra, is another aggrieved businessman. At his facility, water that rose till 18 ft height drowned its offices, boilers, transformer, generator and sorting machines. It also ravaged nearly 250 tonnes of processed and packaged rice, leading to estimated losses of nearly Rs 7 crore for Paulson.
“We have to start from scratch again. I’m 52 now and therefore that’s going to be very difficult. Energy is less,” he says.
“I believe the government has a responsibility to help people like us. I happen to think the government was at fault somewhere. This was a man-made disaster,” he adds.
Back at the GM Agro Mills, Lakshmanan, a native of Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu who has been working with the factory for the last five years, is yet to come to terms with the damage to the produce. “My heart beats fast every time I look at these sacks of rice. Poor people were supposed to be fed with this rice. Instead, it’s rotting away. This is a lesson for us that we should never play with nature. We are bound to lose,” he says.

Texas rice farmers experiencing bumper 2018
·       By ADAM RUSSELL Texas A&M Agrilife 
·       Sep 1, 2018Top of Form
Bottom of Form

Rice maturing near Beaumont. The U.S. Department of Agriculture reported Texas green yields were 9,000-11,000 pounds per acre with good quality.
Texas A&M AgriLife Research — Kathleen Phillips
Top of Form
Bottom of Form
BEAUMONT — Texas rice farmers are seeing near-record yields of good quality grain and many are considering a second harvest, according to Texas A&M AgriLife Research experts.
Lee Tarpley, AgriLife Research crop physiologist, Beaumont, said despite a few problems for some growers, a near-record yield is expected for producers who planted their fields early in spring.
Producers in the state’s rice-growing coastal region who were able to take advantage of planting windows before late March avoided heavy spring rains that caused delays for other growers. Delays into April exposed late-planted rice to hot spells that may have hurt yields.
“Folks that planted late got hit by hot periods in July,” Tarpley said. “Daytime temperatures were in the upper-90s to over 100 degrees with nights above 77 degrees, which decrease yield when they coincide with flowering.”
The U.S. Department of Agriculture reported Texas green yields were 9,000-11,000 pounds per acre with good quality. There were also reports of market uncertainty and falling prices related to ongoing trade disputes with China and negotiations with Mexico and Canada regarding the North American Free Trade Agreement.
M.O. Way, AgriLife Research entomologist, Beaumont, said about 190,000 acres of rice were planted this season and half the acreage was planted in hybrid varieties. Way said good growing conditions have many farmers considering growing a ratoon crop, that is to allow another crop to grow from the stubble left after harvest.
Ratoon cropping could produce an additional 35-50 percent of the main harvest, he said, with little input costs beyond fertilization and water. Around 60 percent of Texas rice acres are ratoon cropped typically.
“Main crop yields and quality are excellent in general,” he said. “I estimate early harvested fields, which are usually the highest yielding, averaged about 8,000 pounds per acre wet with some fields over 10,000 pounds per acre wet.”
Way said there was plenty of water for rice fields in 2018, but there were a few problems, including rice water weevil, stink bugs and injury to some fields from a new herbicide. Damages from birds and wild pigs were a problem, and producers noted increased wild pig activity.
Producers controlled pests for the most part, and other crop damage was limited, Way said. But heat damage to later-maturing fields was reported as high nighttime temperatures caused some panicle blanking.
Way also said increased rice acreage and good yields have caused problems with storage of rice post-harvest because there are not enough facilities to accommodate the crop.
Tarpley said ratoon cropping early planted fields might improve net profits. Later-planted fields could be ratoon cropped if temperatures remain above 50 degrees into early November.
“I don’t have a good feel for what percentage of producers will ratoon this year,” he said. “But if it stays warm they could see another harvest with less input costs, and that could mean a better bottom line.”
AgriLife Extension district reporters compiled the following summaries:
Some rainfall helped green up pastures and meadows, but moisture was still very short. Recent rains allowed some hay fields to recover enough to get a partial hay cutting. Supplemental feeding was needed for livestock on pastures. Cotton harvest was underway. Nearly all counties reported short soil moisture. Overall rangeland and pasture conditions were poor in nearly all counties. Overall crop and pasture conditions were fair in most counties.
Rolling Plains
Topsoil moisture from recent rains allowed some farmers to work the ground and apply fertilizer on early wheat acreage. In some areas, pastures improved slightly and were in fair condition, while other areas were still very dry. Pastures, rangeland and cotton fields were showing signs of moisture stress. Cotton fields were reaching cut out stage with limited yield potential. Irrigated fields were average to above average condition. Livestock were in fair condition as supplemental feeding increased over recent weeks. Ranchers were still searching for hay as supplies dwindled. Without much rainfall it doesn’t look like there will be much hay produced this year.
Coastal Bend
Hot and dry weather continued. Cotton harvest was in full swing with yield reports ranging from 1.5-3 bales per acre. Hay, soybean and rice harvests continued, with corn harvest nearing completion. Rangeland and pasture conditions continued to deteriorate at a rapid rate from lack of rainfall and extreme heat. Producers were worried about tank water getting low. Supplemental feeding increased significantly over recent reporting periods. Hay producers reported issues with managing armyworms and were trying to hold onto any growth for the next hay harvest. Some ranchers were beginning to look for hay but having difficulty finding bales in this part of the state. Cattle remained in good condition.
Summer forages continued to decline in quality and volume as dry conditions linger on without consistent measurable rainfalls. Many area pastures showed signs of drought stress and high temperatures, which caused great concern for producers. Cherokee and Marion counties received scattered rainfall that provided slight short-term relief. Marion County rain caused grass to grow, and some producers were able to get another cutting of hay. Producers in Anderson, Houston and Smith counties reported such short hay production that producers searched outside Texas for hay. Anderson, Gregg and Wood counties reported drought conditions continued to slow and, in some cases, stop hay and crop production. Pasture and rangeland conditions overall were poor to very poor except in Henderson, Polk, San Augustine, Gregg and Tyler counties, which reported fair conditions. Anderson County cotton looked good with no disease and about 15 percent of bolls open. Anderson County’s pecan crop was so heavy limb breakage occurred. Topsoil and subsoil conditions were adequate in San Augustine county, with all other counties reporting short conditions. Producers in Gregg County continued to cull cattle due to dry conditions. Houston County reported cattle prices were up per hundredweight while Shelby County reported a downward trend in prices. Light stink bug damage was reported in Anderson County, as was pecan leaf scorch in some orchards. Armyworms continued to cause damage in Anderson, Cherokee, Henderson, Houston, Marion, Shelby and Smith counties. Grasshopper infestation was reported in Cherokee County. Henderson County reported wild pig damage and high fly numbers.
South Plains
Subsoil and topsoil moisture levels were adequate to short. Some counties received 2-3 inches of rain. Irrigated cotton fields benefitted from the rain, but it was not enough to help dryland cotton. Producers were supplementing with irrigation to finish out the final stages of cotton maturity. Area crops continued to mature. Producers continued to conduct pest and weed management. Good numbers of beneficial insects were helping keep pests at bay. Winter cover crops were planted. Pastures and rangelands remained in fair condition. Cattle were in good condition.
Temperatures were near average. Some moisture was received, but more moisture was needed throughout the district. Rain amounts in some areas ranged from a trace to 2.5 inches. Soil moisture conditions were excellent for all crops in some areas but was short for most areas. Grasses and rangelands were finally starting to green up, and sorghum was all headed. Producers continued to irrigate crops. Corn in Deaf Smith County was doing well under irrigation, and most fields were close to dent stage. Silage harvest began. Wheat planting started as producers were trying to create grazing opportunities. Cotton under irrigation pivots was coming along. Dryland cotton started to look better with irrigated acres looking very good. Sugarcane aphids and headworms were being sprayed on grain sorghum. Wheat preplant activities continued with the expectation of early wheat planting for fall pasture starting soon. Dryland grain sorghum and cotton looked fantastic. Stocker cattle gains were very good due to milder temperatures.
Topsoil and subsoil moisture levels ranged from mostly adequate to short across the district. Temperatures were hot with dry conditions. Pastures were greening up from recent rains, but forage growth was slow. Camp County continued under a burn ban. Rain was needed in all counties. Corn harvest neared completion, and a few soybeans were being harvested. Cotton didn’t look good, and most fields had bolls opening. Some producers were harvesting hay. Armyworms were reported in Kaufman and Hopkins counties. Cattle continued to look good.
Far West
Temperatures were into the triple digits with lows in the 70s. Hot, windy and dry conditions persisted with scattered showers. Rainfall averaged a trace to 2 inches. August has been hard on the little bit of cotton that was maturing, and farm service agencies began to receive dryland crop failure data. Producers continued to water cotton and pecans. Some wheat was planted before the rain showers. Insect problems were still an issue in pecans. Mosquitos and flies were becoming a problem. Preparation of soils for fall forage planting started. Fire danger was becoming more prevalent as right of ways and pastures were dry. Producers continued to feed livestock and wildlife. Livestock will be culled if no rains arrive in the next 30 days.
West Central
Recent rains eased drought stress in rangelands and pastures, but conditions were dry this reporting period. Forages looked better, but drought conditions still persisted. Stock tanks were at critical levels. Livestock remained in fair condition, and many producers were trying to figure out what to do about depleted hay supplies. Not much hay was available for sale and what little there was averaged $110-$120 per round bale. Cotton fields improved slightly and were mostly in fair to good condition overall. Grain sorghum harvest was underway, and some producers were preparing for early wheat planting. Cattle demands were good with an active market and all classes selling steady.
Conditions were hot and dry. Some parts of the district received late rains, but other areas had not received rain in over a month. The rice crop was progressing. Late rice had all headed for the most part. High temperatures and scattered rain showers were not good for flowering rice. Some pastures were getting very dry, and grasses were not growing. Livestock still looked good and healthy. Rangeland and pasture ratings varied from fair to very poor with good ratings being most common. Soil moisture levels throughout the district ranged from adequate to very short with short being most common.
Hot, dry weather continued in all counties. Soil moisture, pasture and rangeland conditions declined and were in desperate need of a good, steady rain. Streams and rivers were drying. Fall shearing of sheep and goats was underway. Some supplemental feeding of livestock began. Auctions reported increased sale numbers due to drought and producers’ inability to feed livestock. Corn and sorghum harvests were complete with below-average yields reported. Very little hay was being made. Cotton was defoliated and awaiting harvest.
Most parts of the district reported a continuation of hot, dry weather conditions with short to very short soil moisture levels. Western parts of the district reported adequate to short moisture levels. Triple-digit temperatures were reported. Dryland cotton was being harvested and the harvest in irrigated fields should begin soon. Irrigation pivots continued to run on cotton, peanuts, Bermuda grass, watermelons, cantaloupes and other crops. Some producers were reporting worse conditions than in 2011 — the worst drought on record. Bermudagrass and sorghum hay were being cut and baled. Pasture and range conditions were poor, and supplemental feeding of livestock continued. Livestock producers in some parts reported increased supplemental feeding and began to cull herds, selling older cows and young calves. Some producers began to haul water or move cattle to other pastures as stock tanks started to dry up. Surface water levels were declining. Body condition scores on cattle were mostly fair.

China's super hybrid rice output sets new world record

 (Picture for Representation) , DNA


Updated: Sep 4, 2018, 12:47 AM IST
Super hybrid rice output in test fields in China's southwestern Yunnan Province has set a new world record by reaching an average yield of 1,152.3 kg per mu (about 0.07 hectare), local authorities said Monday.
A group of experts from agricultural and scientific universities and research institutions randomly selected three plots on the rice fields and supervised the harvest.
Proper annual precipitation and flat terrain also contribute to the harvest of hybrid rice, Xie Hua'an, leader of the research team said.
The latest output of three plots at a super hybrid rice demonstration base located in Datun Township in the city of Gejiu reached an average yield of 1,152.3 kg per mu (about 0.07 hectares).
The demonstration base started to plant hybrid rice in 2009, state-run Xinhua news agency reported.
With an average temperature of 20 degrees Celsius, the base lies at an altitude of more than 1,200 metres above sea level.
Hybrid rice, also known as super rice in China, is produced by crossbreeding different kinds of rice. 

Duterte denies there is rice shortage in Philippines

President Rodrigo Duterte delivers his speech during his meeting with the Filipino community in Israel at the Ramada Hotel in Jerusalem on Sept. 2, 2018.
Alexis Romero ( - September 3, 2018 - 5:00pm
JERUSALEM — President Rodrigo Duterte Monday denied that the Philippines is facing a rice shortage as he chided his critics for supposedly politicizing the issue. Description:
Duterte said the Philippines has more than enough supply of the staple, a major agricultural crop of the country."They are saying there is rice shortage. We have lots of rice. Some of them are set to arrive. Now, there's even an excess," the president said during a meeting with the Filipino community here. 
"You know, those are politics. But I would like to remind you that I won because of the vote of the Filipino," he added. 
The National Food Authority and the interagency NFA Council have blamed each other on the lack of cheap rice that led to price spikes in some parts of the country.

NFA Deputy Administrator Tomas Escare told a House hearing last week that his agency asked the council last October to allow the importation of one million metric tons of rice. He said the council approved the request only last May. 
NFA Council member and Trade Undersecretary Ruth Castelo has disputed Escare's claim, saying the delay was caused by the NFA's failure to provide information about its inventory. 
Last month, the local government of Zamboanga City declared a state of calamity after rice prices rose to P50 to P70 per kilo because of lack of supply. 
Price spikes were also reported in the provinces of Basilan, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi. 
The Agriculture department opened stores selling cheap rice to stabilize the prices and to address the supply problem. Zamboanga officials lifted the state of calamity declaration two weeks ago. 
Last Sunday, Duterte said he was ready to order government forces to raid rice warehouses to prevent a shortage of the staple.

$2.3bn rice import contradicts FG’s position


Contrary to the Bank of Agriculture (BOA)’s claim that Nigeria had saved N288 billion ($800 million) from rice imports, there are indications that the country has spent N828 billion ($2.3 billion) importing the grain between 2017 and August, 2018, New Telegraph has learnt.
The bank had earlier stated that the Federal Government had succeeded in encouraging local production through its assistance to farmers.According to the bank’s Executive Director, Finance and Risk Management, Niyi Akenzua, BoA had disbursed N150 billion to assist farmers between 2017 and 2018.
He noted in Lagos that farmers received N100 billion last year, while a total of N50 billion had been disbursed this year out of the N250 billion earmarked by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN)’s intervention scheme.
However, import data from a global trade portal, Index Mundi, revealed that the country had imported some 5.6 million tons so far, between 2017 and 2018 at a global price of $410 per ton despite the ban imposed on the importation of the grain through the land borders.
The trade portal noted that local production had been statistic since 2015, leaving a room for more importation through the neighbouring port.
Besides, it revealed that Nigerian milled rice production had remained at 3.78 million in the last two years.
Instead of downward reduction in the 2.1 million tons recorded in 2015, this newspaper gathered that last August, Nigeria imported three million tons of the grain.
Also, it was learnt that 2.6 million tons of the grain were imported in 2017, while domestic consumption had climbed to 6.9 milliuon tons as at last August from 6.4 million tons in 2015.
Last year, it would be recalled that the Nigeria Customs Service (NCS) said that some tons of rice valued at N597.7 billion were seized between January and August 2016.
It was also said that 497,279 bags of imported rice were confiscated from smugglers between 2015 and August, 2017 with a Duty Paid Value (DPV) of N3.8 billion.
Its Comptroller-General, Col. Hammed Ali (rtd), said that 90,073 bags of rice were seized in 2015 with DPV of N693 million, while 280,109 bags of rice were impounded in 2016 with DPV of N2.156 billion.
Also, he said that in the first eight months of 2017, some 127,097 bags of rice were seized with DPV of N978 million.
Ali added that four enterprises registered with Tinapa Free Trade Zone (FTZ) Calabar in Cross River State syndicated the importation of 533 containers of rice last year.
Worried by the spate of rice smuggling, the NCS Public Relations Officer, Ogun State Command, Abdullahi Maiwada, told this newspaper that the command had been proactive in fighting rice smuggling.
Maiwada attributed the rise in smuggling activities to the porous nature of the nation’s borders.
According to him, smugglers were creating unemployment in their own country and creating jobs in foreign countries as a result of their activities.
The spokesman added that the service had interfaced with traditional rulers to dissuade people in their domains from smuggling, saying many were reluctant to quit the illegal business.
He said: “Our approach is carrot and stick. We sensitise and educate. We have a school in Idiroko, which is meant for host communities so that their wards should go back to school; schooling is the best and you cannot compare it with smuggling.
He said: “Our borders are indeed porous. We have the creeks; we have so many outlets that lead to Benin Republic within Ogun. We use our little resources in order to man the borders. Although there may be some shortcomings, we are doing our best.”

Egypt sets buying price for local rice paddy

CAIRO, Sept 3 (Reuters) - Egypt will pay its farmers 4,400-4,700 Egyptian pounds ($246.22-$263) a tonne for rice paddy, an unprocessed form of the grain, collected during the harvest season, state news agency MENA said Monday.MENA did not specify the quantities that the government is seeking to purchase.
The North African country consumes about 3.3 million tonnes of rice a year, typically harvested in August and September.In an effort to conserve scarce water resources, Cairo this year reduced the total area permitted for rice cultivation and imposed harsh new penalties on farmers who plant illegally.

Traders said the policies are likely to prompt Egypt to import up to 1 million tonnes of rice next year after decades of growing a surplus and being an exporter of a medium grain variety prized in Arab markets. ($1 = 17.8700 Egyptian pounds) (Reporting by Ali Abdelaty Writing by Nadine Awadalla Editing by David Goodman)

Rice Cultivation to Be Restricted to 2 Northern Provinces
Monday, September 03, 2018

Rice cultivation is only permitted in the two northern provinces of Gilan and Mazandaran and will be gradually banned in other Iranian provinces over the next three years, as per the directive newly approved by the government and communicated to related bodies after it was approved by the Committee for Adaptability to Water Shortage.
“The Agriculture Ministry will introduce alternative crops for cultivation in other provinces instead of rice, the abidance by which will be obligatory,” Deputy Agriculture Minister Ali Morad Akbari has been quoted as saying by Mehr News Agency.
The official noted that Iran has about 630,000 hectares of paddy fields, 170,000 hectares of which are located in Gilan and Mazandaran.

Water scarcity endangers rice cultivation in upper Sindh
LARKANA: The Sindh Abadgar Board (SAB) on Sunday expressed profound concerns over failure of the Irrigation department in ensuring sufficient amount of water supply from the Indus River to thousands of acres of paddy fields in Larkana, Dadu, Khairpur, Kamber-Shahdadkot, Kashmore and Jacobabad districts.
Reportedly, SAB representative Gada Hussain Mahesar informed the media that 40 percent of the total area of paddy fields has been facing an acute water shortage, and sowing of the crop has been delayed.
“Farmers are not even certain whether or not they will be able to harvest the crop as it requires an abundant amount of water for cultivation,” he said, adding that 50 percent of the cultivation has been severely affected in Sindh.
He stated that agricultural economy would suffer a loss of millions of rupees. The paddy farmers have been protesting against the shortage of water supply, however, their hue and cry has been ineffective for the concerned authorities to take action. In the recent past, the protesting farmers had staged several sit-ins and observed hunger strikes but the authorities turned a blind eye to the critical issue.
According to the paddy farmers, the water shortage issue did not only hit the rice crop but developed water disputes amongst members of different communities of growers in Sindh.
He asserted that influential growers had paid bribe to divert water from the Indus River to their paddy fields via water channels and drains, whereas poor growers in tail-end fields suffered ‘devastating losses’.
The SAB leader accused Irrigation department engineers of not responding to their calls and being absent from their offices in this kharif season.
He was staggered to observe sowing of rice in the month of September rather than mid-August, and said that farmers were busy in sowing paddy crop without any knowledge that there would be no yield.
He revealed that due to water scarcity and adverse climate changes a vast swath of land in upper Sindh has become arid.
Mahesar said that over 2.7 million acres of fertile lands of paddy crop produced approximately 2.4 million tons of rice, which was highest production of any crop in the province.
Irrigation water is released in water channels, drains and canals during the month of May or June, but this year 45-day delay was recorded.
He appealed to the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) Chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari for taking notice of the situation and implement effective measures to prevent losses.
Labourer appeals to Bilawal for medical treatment of his ailing sons
Two youths have been suffering from an unknown illness which robbed them of the ability to walk and talk since their birth in Vikro village near Mohenjo Daro.
Reportedly, a labourer Manthar Ali told the media on Sunday that his two sons including 18-year-old Muhammad Sachal and 13-year-old Aqib Ali were suffering, whereas his third son 15-year-old Majid Ali died from the same disease.
He said that he had consulted several doctors who told him that their treatment was not available in Pakistan.
He stated that he needed to travel abroad for their medical treatment costing Rs 5 million.
He said that he could not afford their treatment and appealed to Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) Chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, Sindh Chief Minister (CM) Syed Murad Ali Shah and philanthropists for supporting him.
REAP lauds DPP role in rice export

Our Staff Reporter

September 04, 2018
LAHORE : Rice Exporters Association of Pakistan (REAP) has appreciated the services of Department of Plant Protection (DPP) for the promotion of rice exports across the world.
In a statement issued here on Monday, REAP chairman Ch Samee Ullah Naeem appreciated the remarkable work of Department of Plant Protection (DPP) DG Dr Waseem Ul Hassan to control all issues on sanitary & phytosanitary. He stated that DPP took several bold steps for the detection of GMO, working for strictly compliance for export of rice consignments as well as import of rice seed consignments.
The REAP chairman showed his serious concerns on negative propaganda against Director General of Department of Plant Protection (DPP).
He said that a few months ago some rice containers were rejected by the USA because of presence of Khapra Beetle. In this regard, Department of Plant Protection worked together with REAP to uproot the Khapra Beetle problem in rice consignment.
Department of Plant Protection (DPP) also visited a lot of rice mills in Pakistan and provided the expert opinion to eradicate this problem. A Guideline Brochure for safe export of rice consignments from Pakistan to USA was also printed for exporters with the help of DPP for smooth export of rice to USA.
He further said that a few months ago Zimbabwe Plant Protection Department also stopped Pakistani rice consignments due to phytosanitary certificate.

Basmati exporters on boil as Iran importer defaults


Industry has around 1,000 crore outstanding from buyers in the Gulf nation

Indian rice exporters have a sum of nearly 1,000 crore stuck mainly because an Iranian importer has defaulted on payments due for aromatic rice exported to the Gulf country, an exporter has said.
The All India Rice Exporters’ Association (AIREA) admitted that there was a fraud by an Iranian company, but said the things are being sorted out with the both governments seized of the matter.
“The industry has around  1,000 crore outstanding from Iran,” said Gurnam Arora, Joint Managing Director of Kohinoor Foods Ltd. According to Vijay Setia, President of the AIREA, one particular Iranian importer owes a lot of money to Indian exporters. It seems that the Iranian firm has siphoned off the funds, he said.
The Iranian government has been giving the currency at a concessional rate to importers so that they can make payments towards exporters from India.
The Iranian Rial has witnessed a sharp fall of over 100 per cent against the dollar since March this year on return of US sanctions and worsening economic crisis.
“Three Indian exporters had given us a complaint which we have forwarded to the Apeda and Indian embassy in Tehran,” he added.
Rice exporters are also in touch Iranian Embassy in Delhi. When appraised him of the fraud committed by the Iranian firm, a senior official at the Embassy assured them of all help.
According to the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) data, Indian firms exported basmati 4,26,034 tonnes of basmati rice worth  3,089 crore during the first three months of the current financial year.

Shipments up

In 2017-18, Iran imported 8,77,422 tonnes of basmati worth  5,830 crore, according to the official data.
Iran accounts for close to 25 per cent of basmati rice exports from India and as a result, it becomes a major differentiator for basmati rice export business, said Gurnam Arora, Joint Managing Director, Kohinoor Foods Limited.

China beckons

Arora said the trade may be disturbed due to prevailing US sanctions on Iran but was confident that the rice exporters will be able to find newer markets. “If nothing else, we may have to look for other markets. China, for instance. We are planning a road show in China soon. It’s true that Chinese people prefer sticky rice, but no harm in trying to introduce them to basmati,” Arora said.
Apeda is taking a team to China in the third week of September to explore the business opportunities there.
AIREA held a meeting of its members on Thursday in which many of those who are exporting rice to Iran expressed the feeling that the sanctions will not affect their prospects much.
Apeda has already issued an advisory to all exporters saying that if any firm wants to deal with this particular Iranian company, it has to get an authentic payment commitment against by it would issue valid orders.

Kharif sowing crosses the 100-million-ha mark; rice leads

The total area planted during the current kharif season crossed the 100-million-hectare mark this week. And for the first time this year, rice planting overtook the area sown in the previous season, according to data released by the Agriculture Ministry on Friday.The total area under cultivation, however, is still marginally lower at 1,023 (lakh hectare) as compared to 1,027 lh covered during the corresponding week last year. Rice planting, on the other hand, was completed on 370 lh as against 368 lh covered in same period in the previous year.

Soyabean sowing which stood close to 112 lh was almost complete. Soyabean acreage, which is 6.24 per cent higher than the same period last year, gave an impetus to the oilseeds sector, helping it to edge up from the previous season by 4 lh. Groundut area, however, is down 2 per cent at 39 lh.

Cash crops

The area under pulses continues to be 2.55 per cent lower as compared to the corresponding period last year at 133 lh, particularly because of a 13 per cent drop in uradbean acreage. Moongbean continues to be higher than the previous year, while arhar acreage remained static at 44 lh. Sugarcane acreage hit a record 52 lh(50 lh). Cotton coverage stood at 118 lh (120 lh).

Storage levels up

According to Central Water Commission, water storage in key 91 reservoirs stood at 112. 1 billion cubic metre, 69 per cent of live capacity. The cumulative capacity during the corresponding week last year was 85.07 BCM.

Domestic rice prices hit record levels
Description: A rice shop at Bogyoke Aung San Road in August. Aung Htay Hlaing/The Myanmar Times
A rice shop at Bogyoke Aung San Road in August. Aung Htay Hlaing/The Myanmar Times
The price of high quality domestic rice has risen the most in five years, driven by rising demand, inflation and potential price manipulation, local traders said.
According to data from the Myanmar Rice Federation and Myanmar Rice and Paddy Traders Association, a bag of Ayeyarwady Paw San rice had hit K52,000 in August, which is up by almost 60 percent since the start of the year. Meanwhile, a bag of Shwebo Paw San rice cost K62,000 in August, up nearly around 35pc over the same period.
On the other hand, the prices of lower quality Ei Mahta and broken rice, which are mainly exported, appear to be stable, officials from Myanmar Rice and Paddy Traders Association said.
U Aung Than Oo, chair of the association, told The Myanmar Times that the price of Paw San rice is actually at its highest since 2014 and that the sudden spike in prices is “unusual. Prices weren’t this high last year when supply was scarcer. This could represent changing consumer demands in favour of higher quality rice,” he said. 
Cornered market?
Yet, there could also be some price manipulation involved. According to U Aung Kyi Soe, a rice agent, “the bigger and richer farms, merchants and rice mills are cornering the market by going to the rural areas and buying up all the Paw San rice. After calculating the paddy price, they will name the price at which they want to sell processed rice to agents, which is driving up the price,” he said.
In general though, paddy prices have been rising due to inflation. In Myanmar, the increase in the price of rice is tied closely to paddy prices. Currently, Ayeyarwady Paw San paddy is trading at around K1.3-K1.4 million per basket. “As prices of other commodities rise, it also impacts the price of staple food, which is rice,” said U Nay Lin Zin, joint-secretary of the Myanmar Rice Federation.
During this monsoon season, more than 16 million acres of monsoon paddy were planted. However, more than 300,000 acres of paddy fields have been destroyed due to floods in the recent months, resulting in more volatile prices. 
Since then, 100,000 acres has been replanted, so the floods are not expected to affect this year’s paddy production rate, said U Myo Tint Tun, deputy permanent secretary of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Irrigation.
Exports earnings 
Things are more stable on the export side. As Myanmar exports only lower quality rice, the spike in price of Paw San rice has not affected the export market, said U Than Oo, secretary of Bayintnaung Rice Wholesale Center. “The export market is stable even though the domestic rice market has obviously been rising. There is no high demand for Myanmar rice from China so far so prices seem to be stable,” said U Than Oo. 
At 800,000 tonnes between April and July, rice export volumes are so far lower by around 100,000 tonnes compared to the same period last year, according to the Myanmar Rice Federation.
New decree removes tough conditions for rice exports

Tuesday, 2018-09-04 11:27:21

Decree 107/2018/ND-CP will make it more favourable for firms to engage in exporting rice

NDO - The government has officially removed tough conditions for firms to conduct rice export activities in Vietnam, a move expected to lure more exporters, including foreign ones, and create a fairer playing field in the domestic rice export market.
If nothing changes, Chung Seo Jun, export sales manager of the Republic of Korea (RoK)’s S.K Vegetable and Fruit Trading Company, will visit Vietnam this November to seek opportunities to export Vietnamese rice to the Eastern Asian market.
“We will meet with Vietnam’s Ministry of Industry and Trade to discuss our plan to cooperate with local firms to export rice to our nation,” Jun told Nhandan Online. “Currently, we are annually spending hundreds of millions of US dollars purchasing rice from Lao and Thailand. The rice will be used for both home use and industrial purposes.”
In fact, Jun has visited Vietnam several times to seek rice export opportunities, but failed, due to existing tough conditions. “However, I’ve learned that the Vietnamese government has eased the conditions, and we will come to Vietnam again to seek opportunities.”
On August 15, the government enacted Decree 107/2018/ND-CP on rice export businesses, which will take effect on October 1, 2018. This decree, which clearly defines that a foreign-direct investment firm shall be licensed and perform rice export business activities under this decree and other laws of Vietnam, has eased conditions for rice export business by stipulating that traders, both Vietnamese and foreign, are entitled to engage in rice export activities when they have at least one warehouse to store rice, and at least one mill to process the rice.
This warehouse and mill can be the assets of the traders or leased by the traders, with a lease contract covering at least five years.
Decree 107 will replace the existing Decree 109/2010/ND-CP on rice export business, which has, over the past eight years, come under fire by firms due to the tough conditions it imposes on the rice export business.
Specifically, under Decree 109, an eligible rice trader must be lawfully established and register their business under law and have special-use warehouses to store a minimum of 5,000 tonnes of rice and at least one rice mill to process at least 10 tonnes of rice per hour.
The rice warehouse and mill must be owned by the trader and located in a province or centrally run city which has export commodity rice or an international seaport with rice export activities at the time the trader applies for a certificate.
Rice exporters shall regularly maintain a circulation reserve equal to at least 10 per cent of their rice exports over the previous six months.
According to Nguyen Duc Thanh, head of the Vietnam Institute for Economic and Policy Research, all existing stringent conditions for exporting rice should have been removed long ago.
“While many businesses want to engage in rice exports, they cannot due to the many conditions that they will never be able to meet under Decree 109,” Thanh said.
At present, there only about 100 rice exporters allowed to export rice in Vietnam.
According to Dang Quang Vinh from the Central Institute for Economic Management’s Department of Competitiveness and Business Environment, all these conditions under Decree 109 are “very strict obstructions for many enterprises which want to export rice, and this prevents Vietnam from exporting high-quality rice and building its rice brand name on a global scale.”
Dao The Anh, vice head of Food Crop Research Institute Vietnam, also said, “Many local firms and cooperatives want to export high-quality rice, but they cannot meet all the conditions of Decree 109.”
For example, Vien Phu Company in the southernmost province of Ca Mau has Hoa Sua rice brand-name, but it cannot export the products directly as it cannot meet all the said conditions. Thus the firm has indirectly exported rice via big companies that fully meet the conditions.
In another case, Phuoc Thanh Bay Map Production and Trade Company in Ho Chi Minh City said it will cost about VND500 billion (US$22.73 million) for the company to satisfy the conditions, and this job is almost impossible, which has many years’ experience in doing trade with the US market.
“It is Decree 109 that has been partly responsible for Vietnam’s inability to develop a global rice brand name, because it prevents the rice sector’s competitiveness,” Anh said.
Meanwhile, Chung Seo Jun from S.K Vegetable and Fruit Trading Company expected that Decree 107 will make it more favourable to co-operate with these Vietnamese firms.
“While many rice exporting nations have their own global rice brands, Vietnam — the world’s third largest rice exporter (after India and Thailand) — does not. Foreign firms like us will not be able to export rice in Vietnam if the existing conditions continue,” Jun said.
Vietnam exported 5.79 million tonnes of rice, worth US$2.62 billion last year, and 4.4 million tonnes worth nearly US$2.2 billion in the first seven months of this year.