Monday, February 08, 2016

First Week Feb 2016 Daily GlobalRice News by RIceplsu MAgazine

12:00 AM, February 04, 2016 / LAST MODIFIED: 12:00 AM, February 04, 2016
Transforming rice breeding
An alternative approach to food security
Rice is more than just a food source to us. It is part of our culture, an article of trade to reduce hunger, alleviate poverty and maintain political stability in Bangladesh.  Rice covers most of our land almost thorough out the year. We get the lion's share of our daily calorie intake from rice.
The country has a satisfactory upward trend in rice production over the decades. However, with the scientific ingenuity and farmers toil, a farmer's friendly political intervention after 2009 helped the country to attain the ability to export  modest amount rice. Even the government included a considerable amount of rice in the relief materials to Nepal after the devastating tremor last year.  Therefore, undoubtedly the country has attained self sufficiency in rice, a milestone towards food security, but still away to some extent from the adequacy and accessibility of safe and nutritious food to everybody in the country through peoples' affordability—in other words, sustainable food security.
To achieve sustainability in food security is pretty difficult but not impossible. The highest population density, decreasing per capita arable land, over exploitation of underground water, climate change, lack of adequate number of farmers' friendly crop variety etc. are the prime challenges to achieve the sustainability. Out of those challenges, population growth and grow more food are the prime concern to the government since 1960s. Over the years (1950 to 1965), the population of Bangladesh has increased at the rate of 2.23 million per year. Vis-a-vis rice production has increased over the same time at the rate of 0.03 million tons per year. Despite a lot of measurements, the rate of population is still in its upward trend and would reach around 233 million by 2050. By this time the rice demand for Bangladesh would be around 40 million tons. These trends of rice production and population growth might yield severe shock of food shortage by 2050, provided no significant technology is discovered. It is estimated that shortage of rice at years 2020, 2030 and 2040 will be 1.68, 6.02, and 7.80, million tons, respectively. Similarly, the expected shortage by 2050 would be 10.50 million tons. This prediction is a matter of anxiety to us and the estimation is based on the per capita per day consumption of 541 gm of rice. But we have another estimation where per capita rice consumption is considered 470.49 gm per day (World rice statistics: IRRI). According to this estimation there will be no shortage of rice up to 2030. However, the country might experience the shortage of 2.18 million ton in 2040 (just a year ahead of vision 2041, the year when the country would be a developed one) and 5.69 million ton in 2050.  It is good to know that rice consumption in Bangladesh is in decreasing trend and if it comes down around 400 gm per person per day, then rice scarcity might not be a problem even up to the middle of this century. Still we cannot avoid the inevitability of rice from our own source. Therefore, we have to grow rice with our own limited resources along the increasing climatic threats. It means our rice agriculture will be always in tension how to maintain the productivity. Therefore it is a critical problem to take care of.
Total cultivable land (11.37 million ha) under rice has experienced a little change since independence. Transplanted Aman area (5.2 million ha) experienced the same. But the area under Boro has increased a several fold (from 0.5 million ha to around 4.85 million ha) just at the expense of Aus, Jute and some upland crop lands.  Therefore, a little scope is left to increase the area under rice with the ongoing cultivars. However, some of the unfavourable land could be exploited if climate smart varieties or technologies are made available. Unfortunately, due to geographical position, Bangladesh is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world with so many extreme events like cyclones, droughts, floods, salinity intrusion, heat and cold waves, etc.  Climate change is a reality now. So these extreme events are quite frequent to incur a heavy loss to the crop.  Nevertheless, Climate smart varieties and technologies are coming up to cope with the arrogant environment. Though these varieties and technologies might be good for today but not for tomorrow. The alarming situation is that the modern rice varieties have reached their yield plateau. The input use is already high and shrinking the scope of using land and water resources. Even due to some unavoidable reasons, farmers are getting unable to harvest the maximum potentiality of their crops. So the genetic gain (the increase in crop performance that is achieved through genetic improvement programs per unit time of breeding) we are having is not up to mark (0.5%).
Modern rice varieties (MV) in Bangladesh occupies 82% of the total rice area. Despite having a good number (77; originally it was 65; recently 12 new varieties were added in this row) of modern rice varieties only a few (BRRI dhan28 and BRRI dhan29 in Boro and BR11 in Transplanted Aman) has got the status of mega (very popular) varieties.  Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI) released these varieties quite a long time ago (BR11 is released in 1980 (coverage 40% of the T. Aman area) and BRRI dhan28 and BRRI dhan29 in 1994), still they are popular (coverage 60% of the Boro rice) because of their acceptability to the farmer and consumer as well. The present yield potentialities of these varieties are not beyond question. Because they are getting weaker with days to fight against the recently developed biotic and abiotic stresses. Still farmers bother a little to the advice of the scientists to replace these outdated varieties with the new ones.  It means Plant Breeders are in difficulties to replace varieties already in farmers' hand.  The popular varieties cultivated over the years are in a process of creating unwanted pest-pressures in a cropping system to  reduce the total system of productivity.  However, this statement might not be true in case of some recently developed stress tolerant varieties.  But farmers might encounter the similar problem as we have noticed in the so called mega varieties when the varieties will get old. Therefore, for a particular ecosystem, despite its popularity a conventional variety should be replaced with a new one with desirable trait(s) in every five to seven years or so.
The challenges are many. To overcome few of them we need an efficient breeding pipe line to have readymade supply of variety in need in time. The present variety development procedure (pedigree method) is quite lengthy. It takes 14 to 15 years from breeder's lab to farmer's hand (Diagram-1)
That is why BRRI has decided to reorganise its breeding program through a project (Transforming rice breeding through capacity enhancement of BRRI) adopting new breeding technology and research management methods improving the selection efficiency for the varieties targeting for desirable agronomic traits, biotic and abiotic stresses resistances, grain quality and consumer preferences. Gary Atlin, Scientist and Senior Program Officer from Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation is the main strength behind this work force. In fact, it is a part of the charity intervention of the Foundation as some other projects in action like STRSA (Stress-tolerant Rice for Africa and South Asia) intended to develop drought and saline tolerant rice varieties. Anyway, this project is exclusively for Bangladesh and the technical assistance from International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). Thus, the farmer and consumer oriented variety could be developed and released regularly. In IRRI Dr. Eero Nisslä, head Plant Breeding Genetics and Biotechnology Division and his team is already in progress to change some of their breeding approaches. Scientists are in a process to transform the conventional breeding concept in a business format.  They have termed the entire rice breeding system as rice breeding factory and trying reduce variety release time. A study (done at IRRI in 1999) says that reducing a breeding cycle by 2 years has an economic benefit of about USD 18 million over the useful life of a variety. Following the new approach, scientists are optimistic to reduce the breeding pipeline by at least six years to incur a huge economic benefit (Diagram 2).
The new approach of rice breeding at BRRI would adopt the same as in IRRI like modern market research approaches, breeding tools, information management systems, and research team organisation and accountability. To develop location specific varieties reflecting consumer, producer and other value chain actors' preferences, market segments and target environments will be precisely characterised.  
Rapid Generation Advance (RGA), a method to make selection method faster from the advance generations of segregating populations under controlled environment will be followed. A technique of single seed descent in this method would allow 3 (generally one generation a year in the existing system) generations a year is the main driving force to reduce the breeding cycle in a variety development system.
The overall transforming breeding procedure will follow the steps as:
* Using low-cost, high-throughput marker-assisted selection (MAS) to quickly and cheaply select for key traits like salinity tolerance, drought etc.
* Increasing breeding program size through digitalisation of data collection and mechanisation of some field operations.
* Increasing selection pressure for yield by introducing multi-environmental yield testing in early generations;
* Improving selection accuracy by introducing an integrating breeding information management system (BIMS).
The objective of the transforming breeding system is to increase the probability of selecting desirable breeding lines. Accordingly, a huge number of fixed breeding lines are to be developed and tested for the desirable traits.  Key parents and ancestral lines have to undergo genotyped at high density using genotyping by sequencing (GBS). Before yield testing, lines from RGA will be tested for phenology, quality and resistance traits.  MAS will be used using SNP (Single Nucleotide Polymorphism) marker for key traits like quality, stress and disease tolerance. Observational Yield Trial (OYT) will be conducted across the locations. The number of lines under this initial yield trial would be 40-fold (3000) compared to that of the current pedigree method (75). This is because to increase the selection pressure for the key trait to enhance the genetic gain for yield.
A hand-held automatic data recording device will be used to collect the data through barcodes fixed in the field and directly transfer to the   computer in the laboratory.  Then and there data will be managed and analysed by BIMS. All of the operations will be done automatically to increase the efficiency of the breeding methods. Skilled institutional staff and their liability to the work is an important issue too to execute the task.
The philosophy of the transforming breeding approaches comes from the modern commercial plant breeding practices followed by several famous multinational seed companies. So the rice is considered (already mentioned at the beginning of the article) as an “article of trade” in this breeding approach and designated as focused product profile developed through a chain of machines like “rapid breeding cycle”, high output phenotyping, routine use of molecular markers and wide-scale multi-environmental yield testing.  We are expecting BRRI to be proactive in developing the ideal product i.e. farmers' friendly varieties and disseminate them through public-private partnership approach.  BRRI has just stepped into the system with the assistance of charitable organisation Bill and Milinda Gates foundation. The output of this project will be as follows:
*  2000 germplasm and breeding lines will be screened against salinity
* 1200 germplasm and breeding lines will be screened against cold and drought, separately.
* 900 germplasm and breeding lines will be screened at the vegetative stage against submergence and water stagnation tolerance.
* 42,000 breeding lines will be screened against major diseases.
* 10600 breeding lines will be analysed for grain quality and nutrition.
* Genotyping by sequencing of 500 parents to be used in breeding program will be done.
* Genome sequencing of 40 BRRI developed varieties
Finally, a huge stock of 40,000 advance breeding lines will be in hand to have a variety in need. Thus, BRRI can confidently ensure that the nation attains sustainable food security in the near future.
The writer is Director General, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute. He can be reached at


Nutritional security through bio-fortified zinc rice

Photo: Star
Dr. Md. Khairul Bashar and Dr. M A Hamid Miah
Bangladesh agriculture has contributed to achieving food self sufficiency through production of about 38 million tons of food grain. Rice alone provides a major share of this with over 35 million tons. And this was possible through a strong role by far reaching policy of the government, dedicated research and extension activities, active participation of farmers and organised seed producers. We even exported 25,000tonsof rice to Sri Lanka last year.
But did we achieve nutrition security? The answer is NO. It is yet to be achieved particularly for rural and urban poor. They depend almost solely on rice, the staple food, through which they obtain nutrition, but partial supplementation is available through fruits, vegetables and animal resources which they can manage in their homesteads and lands they have. Their main target is to mitigate hunger, where nutrition is hardly consideredas their target in their diet, although there are national programs for vitamin supplementation through tablets and edible oil enriched with vitamin A and D.Such edible oil is kept in transparent plastic containers, and according to scientists, stability of such vitamin in transparent container is about six months contrary to 18 months in dark containers. With 44% of the girls, aged between 15 and 19, too short for their age, Bangladesh is home to the world's largest number of stunted adolescent girls after Guatemala, medical journal The Lancet says (; July 2,2013).
The issue of micronutrient like zinc is in a very preliminary stage of awareness and the availability to address the problems arising out of zinc deficiency was recognised in recent past in Bangladesh. Sea fish could be a good source, but poor people cannot afford to access that.It is not yet known to rural people thatzinc deficiency causes dwarfing, reduced immunity, retarded growth, Hypogeusia (decreased sensitivity to taste) and acrodermatitisenteropathica(a kind of facial skin disease) in children.However, there is growing awareness among professional and policy levels about micronutrients leading to taking up projects on crop diversification.
The 7th Five Year Plan (2016-2020) of Bangladesh government underscored importance of attainment of self sufficiency in food grain production along with increased production of other nutritional and high value crops thus endorsingfood based nutrition management through promotion of balanced diet containing adequate micronutrients. With regard to proper food and nutrition availability, government initiated many programs including “Health,Population,Nutrition Sector Development Program (HPNSDP)” recognising the importance of strengthening and expanding nutrient specific intervention among pregnant and lactating women, newborn babies, under-5 children and adolescent girls.With this in view, the 7th Five Year Plan approved strategies fordevelopment of iron and Vitamin A-rich staple crops through conventional breeding for Bio-fortification. Since all people in Bangladesh, irrespective of financial resources, consume rice, micronutrients incorporated in rice grains seems to be an immediate and sustainable approach to make micronutrients available to consumers of all levels, particularly the poor.
Photo: Star
Zinc deficiency in diet in Bangladesh has already been identified as a cause of concern for health, and some initiatives were taken in the past for food fortification through coating and extrusion technologies for Bangladeshi rice grain with importedfortified rice kernels. Some high level officials also visited China in 2013 for gathering experience on such approachand mainstreaming of the technology. Accordingly, government of Bangladesh took a project in partnership with WFP and funding from Dutch embassy to reach 500,000 beneficiaries within 2017. The adoption of suchtechnology requires mandatory fortification, which is not possible under Bangladesh Socio-political situation. Philippines passed such a mandatory legislation and could fortify less than one percent only. Moreover, Bangladeshi rice millers were not encouraged because of increased cost of such products to face competition in market resulting from extra mechanical attachment in mills causing complicated processing jargon.The approach also has a rare benefit from nutrition point of view since such external supplementation is vulnerable to loss of zinc during washing prior to cooking and gruel removal. More detailed information is available in the document “Scaling up Rice Fortification in Asia” compiled by WFP and Sightand Life(; ).
Under the circumstances, the worthwhile approach and easily available zinc nutrition strategy would be to incorporate zinc in rice endosperm, the material we eat as cooked rice, through conventional breeding process i.e. through bio-fortification. In that case there will be little chance of loss ofzincduring milling and gruel removal since zinc is embedded in entire part of endosperm.Thus poor people will have some access to zinc nutrition through their staple food, which is very much in line with strategy of the government, even if they do not have any supplementary source of zinc.
Works are being done in Bangladesh on methods of increasing zinc in grainusing technologies like agronomic fortification through spraying zinc sulphate on plants, putting zinc fertiliser in soil, adding zinc oxide to clean rice, and above all enriching rice grain with zinc through breeding process. The last approach was considered,in a workshop at USAID office in Dhaka, to be the most sustainable at farmers' and consumers' levels, although cost of such breeding is high at research level, which happens only once in the process of development and is usually supported by CGIAR centres. CGIAR is the Consultative Group of International Agricultural Research, IRRI is one such institute.However, research indicated more uptake of zinc in grain if zinc fertiliser is applied and the crop is irrigated using AWD (Alternate Wetting & Drying) technology.
Bangladesh Research Institute(BRRI) already released four rice varieties containing different levels of zinc content. These varieties are competitive with superiority to other existing mega varieties having potential high yield, earliness and tolerance to tidal flooding and strong winds, and above alladditional   nutrients. These are :(a) BRRI dhan62(Aman season variety, 100 day life cycle,contains 20mgzinc/kg of milled rice & 9% protein,yield potential 4.5-5 ton/ha); (b) BRRI dhan64 (Boro season variety,145-150 days life cycle,contains 24mgzinc/kg of milled rice, yield potential 5.7-7.0 ton/ha); (c) BRRI dhan 72 (Aman season variety,125-130 days life cycle, contains 22.8mg zinc/kg of milled rice, yield potential 5.7  to 7.5 ton/ha with proper care). Plants of this variety are 116 cm tall with stout stems suitable for growing in tidally flooded southern districts and under strong winds; (d) BRRIdhan74 (Boro season variety, 147 days'life cycle,contains 24.2mg zinc/kg of milled rice,yield potential 7.1-8.3 ton/ha, only 92 cm height).
The advantages of these varietiesare that these are inbred varieties and farmers can produce seeds for their own use like other existing traditional and modern varieties developed through breeding process and these are not GMO against which people have some apprehensions. BRRIdhan62 is the shortest duration variety which allows accommodation of one extra winter crop before Boro rice establishment in the field. Farmers and the contract growers of the seed producer associations in Meherpur and Jessore districts reported that this variety can also be cultivated in Boro and Aus seasons, in fact some have started producing accordingly, although it is recommended for Aman season. Those seed producers cannot sell seeds of this variety with its own name for Boro and Aus seasons because of legal relevance. The variety could spread in Boro and Aman season with original identity if the National Seed Board approves this varietyforthese seasons. As a result,zinc enriched biofortified rice could cover more areas and more people in the villages to accesszinc nutrition with knowledge and confidence.
HarvestPlus, co-ordinated by International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) and International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), is a global alliance of research institutions and implementing agencies that have come together to breed and disseminate bio-fortified crops for better nutrition. IFPRI and CIAT have started implementation of the program “HarvestPlus” (Email:; in 2002. By the end of 2016 HarvestPlus will has a goal to reach an accumulated number of 570,000 farming households and by 2018 the target is 1,375,000.
Photo: Star
HarvestPlus aims to improve the zinc status of Bangladeshi women and children through the introduction of high zinc rice varieties for production and consumption by smallholder farm households. The micronutrient target increment for zinc in rice is 12 ppm i.e. 12 mg/kg; this increment provides about 25% of the Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) for 4-6 years oldpre-school children and adult women of child-bearing age. In Bangladesh, since 2013, HarvestPlus confined their works within seed production and delivery through fivegovernment organisations including BRRI and DAE, two private seed producerassociations comprising about 300 small and medium companies and 25NGOs distributed over 350 upazilas of 58 districts. Based on the last 2 years' dissemination and delivery activities with the help of GO,NGO and private companies HarvestPlus could reach 120,000 Households through distributing 360 tons of seeds. It has plan for 2016 to reach 360,000 Households through direct and indirect seed distribution.The target is to increase diffusion rate from 1:3 to 1:5 through farmers to farmer seed exchange or selling seeds to neighbours.
In order to  reduce hidden hunger of zinc nutrition for poor people, government needs to play leading co-ordination role through the following strategies: (a) create awareness about benefit of zinc rice consumption by rural and urban poor through publicityin the media and relevant organizations; (b) mainstreaming of seed production and delivery to farmers using BADC and private seed companies; (c) entrusting DAE for overall extension activitiestowards popularization through its rural level extension workers; (d) involve female health visitors to motivate rural women for feeding their children with zinc rice; (e) guard against any attempt of consumers being cheated—millers and rice traders should sell zinc enriched rice in sealed bags with name of appropriate zinc rice varieties printed on the bag and duly certified by rice millers so that quality can be ensured through regular monitoring by BSTI with initial assistance from HarvestPlus. (Such an approach is already in practice by Aristocrat Agro Limited for Low GI (Glycemic Index) rice valuable for diabetic patients.) And finally, (f) increase demand and market share of zinc rice. HarvestPlus has initiated work towards these aspects for implementation during 2016.The government and the development partners should extend their hands to support this moral activity to save our millions children from the hidden hunger.
On the whole, a national campaign will need to be organised for providing zinc nutrition to poor people through a national level committee consisting of Ministries of Agriculture, Health & Family Welfare, Food, Women& Children Affairs and other relevant organisations under the leadership of Ministry of Agriculture.Since it is an approach of rice based nutrition, which is feasible at village level, proper leadership and guidance can successfully address zinc nutrition deficiency. It is worth mentioning that golden rice, containing Pro-Vitamin A isin the final stage of research for accessibility to consumers.
Dr. Md. Khairul Bashar is the Country Manager of HarvestPlus, Bangladesh and Former Director (Research), BRRI and Dr. M A Hamid Miah is Fellow of the Bangladesh Academy of Sciences, Former IRRI Liaison Scientist for Bangladesh, Former Executive Chairman, BARC and Former Director General, BRRI.

UK Newton Agham fund gives Filipino scientists, innovators P270 million in grants

The online news portal of TV5
MANILA - Over £4 million (about P274 million) worth of grants have been awarded on the second year of the Newton Fund in the Philippines, the British embassy here said in a news release Thursday.
The embassy also announced that the Newton Fund, which was launched in April 2014, will be extended to 2021 and doubled from £75 million per year currently to £150 million per year by 2021.
Successful proposals in other Newton Agham Programmes will be announced soon, the embassy said.
These include the Rice Research Initiative, involving the UK‟s Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) and Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) and Philippine Partners DOST Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic, and Natural Resources Research and Development, (PCAARRD) and the Department of Agriculture Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice).
The British Council and the Commission on Higher Education (CHED)’s Institutional Links grants will also be named.
“These grants demonstrate the collaboration between science and innovation funding agencies and the new links made between UK and Philippine researchers. We look forward to the innovations that emerge from these partnerships and the application of expert knowledge to improve the lives of people in the Philippines,” British Ambassador Asif Ahmad said.
Department of Science and Technology (DOST) Secretary Mario Montejo welcomed the opportunity to work with the British Embassy and UK partners, expressing his full support to the British Embassy-DOST partnership for the Newton Fund.
“This partnership with the UK government, through the Newton-Agham initiative, will help us further build our country's S&T-based Innovation Ecosystem... another milestone in our continuous pursuit for a Technology Self-Reliant Philippines,“ Montejo said.
The grants, which are co-funded by the Department of Science and Technology (DOST), shall address problems in health, energy security, food security, rapid urbanization, and innovation capacity, and aim to contribute to the social and economic development of the Philippines, the embassy said,
Awardees under the newly named Newton Agham (Science) Programme were recognized in a reception held at the British Ambassador’s Residence February 3.
The partnership has been re-branded “Newton Agham Programme” to highlight the collaboration between the UK and the Philippines and the growing partnership between the two countries in science, research, and innovation.
The program shall support UK and Philippine research institutions in six three-year research collaborations on infectious diseases and individual grants including four PhD Scholars and 15 Leaders in Innovation Fellows.
UK partners for the grants are the British Council (BC), Royal Academy of Engineering (RAEng), and Medical Research Council (MRC).

Nagpur Foodgrain Prices Open-Feb 04

Nagpur, Feb 4 Gram and tuar prices reported higher in Nagpur Agriculture Produce and
Marketing Committee (APMC) here on good buying support from local millers amid weak arrival from
producing belts. Fresh rise on NCDEX in gram, reports about weak overseas arrival and enquiries
from South-based millers also boosted sentiment prices, according to sources. 
   * Desi gram recovered in open market her on renewed demand from local traders amid 
     weak supply from producing regions.
   * Tuar varieties ruled steady in open market here matching the demand and supply 
   * Wheat mill quality firmed up here on good seasonal demand from local traders amid
     weak supply from producing regions like Punjab and Haryana.
   * In Akola, Tuar New - 8,000-8,200, Tuar dal New - 12,500-13,700, Udid - 
     12,600-13,600, Udid Mogar (clean) - 14,900-16,700, Moong - 
     8,400-8,600, Moong Mogar (clean) 9,400-9,700, Gram - 4,100-4,200, 
     Gram Super best bold - 5,300-5,700 for 100 kg.
   * Other varieties of wheat, rice and other commodities moved in a narrow range in 
     scattered deals, settled at last levels. 
 Nagpur foodgrains APMC auction/open-market prices in rupees for 100 kg
     FOODGRAINS                 Available prices     Previous close   
     Gram Auction                3,600-4,160         3,540-4,150
     Gram Pink Auction            n.a.           2,100-2,600
     Tuar Auction                7,300-8,160         7,200-8,100
     Moong Auction                n.a.                6,400-6,600
     Udid Auction                n.a.           4,300-4,500
     Masoor Auction                n.a.              2,600-2,800
     Gram Super Best Bold            5,800-6,000        5,800-6,000
     Gram Super Best            n.a.            n.a.
     Gram Medium Best            5,400-5,600        5,400-5,600
     Gram Dal Medium            n.a.            n.a
     Gram Mill Quality            4,400-4,500        4,400-4,500
     Desi gram Raw                4,450-4,550         4,450-4,550
     Gram Filter new            4,500-4,900        4,500-4,900
     Gram Kabuli                6,000-8,000        6,000-8,000
     Gram Pink                        6,500-7,300        6,500-7,300
     Tuar Fataka Best-New             12,800-14,000        12,800-14,000
     Tuar Fataka Medium-New        12,200-12,600        12,200-12,600
     Tuar Dal Best Phod-New        12,000-12,250        12,000-12,250
     Tuar Dal Medium phod-New        11,500-11,800        11,500-11,800
     Tuar Gavarani New             8,050-8,450        8,050-8,450
     Tuar Karnataka             8,600-9,000        8,600-9,000
     Tuar Black                 13,000-13,300        13,000-13,300 
     Masoor dal best            6,400-6,600        6,400-6,600
     Masoor dal medium            6,000-6,200        6,000-6,200
     Masoor                    n.a.            n.a.
     Moong Mogar bold (New)        9,600-10,000        9,600-10,000
     Moong Mogar Med            9,000-9,300        9,000-9,300
     Moong dal Chilka            8,400-9,100        8,400-9,100
     Moong Mill quality            n.a.            n.a.
     Moong Chamki best            8,600-8,800        8,600-8,800
     Udid Mogar best (100 INR/KG) (New) 16,000-17,000       16,000-17,000 
     Udid Mogar Medium (100 INR/KG)    13,400-14,500        13,400-14,500    
     Udid Dal Black (100 INR/KG)        9,600-9,900        9,600-9,900     
     Batri dal (100 INR/KG)        5,550-5,900        5,550-5,900
     Lakhodi dal (100 INR/kg)          4,400-4,600         4,400-4,600
     Watana Dal (100 INR/KG)            3,250-3,400        3,250-3,400
     Watana White (100 INR/KG)           3,000-3,200           3,000-3,200
     Watana Green Best (100 INR/KG)    3,100-3,600        3,100-3,600   
     Wheat 308 (100 INR/KG)        1,700-1,800        1,700-1,800
     Wheat Mill quality (100 INR/KG)    1,700-1,800        1,675-1,760   
     Wheat Filter (100 INR/KG)         1,650-1,850        1,650-1,850
     Wheat Lokwan best (100 INR/KG)    2,100-2,500        2,100-2,500    
     Wheat Lokwan medium (100 INR/KG)   1,950-2,250        1,950-2,250
     Lokwan Hath Binar (100 INR/KG)    n.a.            n.a.
     MP Sharbati Best (100 INR/KG)    3,600-3,900        3,600-3,900    
     MP Sharbati Medium (100 INR/KG)    3,000-3,200        3,000-3,200           
     Rice BPT best New(100 INR/KG)    2,600-2,850        2,600-2,850    
     Rice BPT medium (100 INR/KG)        2,000-2,250        2,000-2,250    
     Rice Parmal (100 INR/KG)         1,800-2,000        1,800-2,000
     Rice Swarna best (100 INR/KG)      2,100-2,300        2,100-2,300   
     Rice Swarna medium (100 INR/KG)      1,800-2,000        1,800-2,000   
     Rice HMT best New (100 INR/KG)    3,000-3,450        3,000-3,450    
     Rice HMT medium (100 INR/KG)        2,400-2,800        2,400-2,800    
     Rice Shriram best New(100 INR/KG)    4,100-4,500        4,100-4,500 
     Rice Shriram med New(100 INR/KG)    3,700-4,100        3,700-4,100   
     Rice Basmati best (100 INR/KG)    9,800-11,700        9,800-11,700     
     Rice Basmati Medium (100 INR/KG)    7,800-8,000        7,800-8,000    
     Rice Chinnor best New(100 INR/KG)    4,700-4,850        4,700-4,850    
     Rice Chinnor med. New (100 INR/KG)    4,200-4,400        4,200-4,400    
     Jowar Gavarani (100 INR/KG)        1,800-2,100        1,800-2,100    
     Jowar CH-5 (100 INR/KG)         1,700-1,800        1,700-1,800
Maximum temp. 32.0 degree Celsius (89.6 degree Fahrenheit), minimum temp.
14.1 degree Celsius (56.4 degree Fahrenheit)
Humidity: Highest - n.a., lowest - n.a.
Rainfall : n.a.
FORECAST: Mainly clear sky. Maximum and minimum temperature would be around and 31 and 14 degree
Celsius respectively.
Note: n.a.--not available
(For oils, transport costs are excluded from plant delivery prices, but
included in market prices.)

8th February 2016 Daily Global Rice E-Newsletter by Ricpelus Magazine

 Today Rice News Headlines...
·         SMEDA asked to resolve issues of SMEs
·         Four-year rice deal with Indonesia will bail out troubled sector
·         Pak loses Geographical Indication bid for Basmati rice before Chennai appellate
·         Pakistan loses Geographical Indication bid for Basmati rice
·         Rice experts worldwide to convene in Galveston March 1-4
·         MP bid to get GI tag for basmati hits roadblock
·         Expert canvasses rice revolution for food security
·         Inside track: Rice revelations
·         FCI Sends Rice Stock 'Packing'
·         Chhattisgarh grain 'scam': Minister says action taken against guilty
·         New cropping pattern boosts mustard cultivation
·         44m tons of rice per anum by 2050: BRRI
·         Rice starch market research on 9 companies with forecasts to 2021 released by a top publisher


News Detail...

SMEDA asked to resolve issues of SMEs

·         PPI
February 08, 2016
KARACHI: The Union of Small and Medium Enterprises (UNISAME) invited the attention of Small and Medium Enterprises Development Authority (SMEDA) CEO Alamgir Chaudhry to the difficulties faced by the SME rice growers, millers, processors and exporters and urged study and examination of the issues of the rice industry and suggestions for remedial measures to the ministries of agriculture and commerce to save the rice industry.

UNISAME President Zulfikar Thaver said it is incumbent upon SMEDA to look into the predicament of the SMEs engaged in the rice business, which is in jeopardy due to the issues of the industry and unable to survive under such circumstances, especially when there is a global decline in the commodities market.Thirdly, there is no research for new varieties and fourthly there is no marketing support from the government. Fifthly, due to poor logistics the rice industry remains behind our neighbouring country India which is competing with Pakistan.
One important point which needs to be seriously looked into by the Pakistan Standard Quality Control Authority (PSQCA) is the sub standard fertilisers and counterfeit fumigation medicines supplied for destroying insecticides and pesticides. The SME farmer is paying through the nose for these inputs and suffering losses because of its ineffectiveness or low potency. The modern day logistic companies have a system of collateral management which is comprehensive and covers inspection at different stages, risk management with insurance, warehouse receipt financing, speedy movements and tracking, thus making banks comfortable in financing the SME rice traders before and after shipments.

It is high time the rice industry modernised, and SMEDA can play an important role in its up gradation and modernisation. They also complained about the poor representation and advocacy of the Basmati Growers Association (BGA) at the forum in India whereby Pakistan was denied the Geographical Indication (GI) inclusion of basmati rice.

Basmati is grown in India and Pakistan since more than centuries and not including Pakistani basmati rice in the GI amounts to a very apparent and serious error in judgment but the SMEs fail to understand why on earth the BGA challenged the Indian application in the Indian court when India was aiming at identification in India only and it was not a global GI application. Secondly having challenged it, why did it not do its homework and advocate the case wholeheartedly.
However, it is unfortunate that the Rice Exporters Association of Pakistan (REAP) and the Trade Development Authority of Pakistan (TDAP) did not take interest in the matter and pursue to expedite the GI law in Pakistan. Alamgir Chaudhry has promised and assured UNISAME that he would discuss future strategy with his team on priority to secure the interest of the SMEs in the rice sector.

Four-year rice deal with Indonesia will bail out troubled sector

Islamabad Chamber of Small Traders Patron Shahid Rasheed Butt on Sunday said the four-year rice export deal with Indonesia would bail out the troubled sector and stabilise prices at home.He demanded more long and short term agreements with other countries to boost rice exports as the sector has been facing problems for the last few years.Butt said in his statement that export of rice to Indonesia would boost overall exports to 4.6 million tonnes which would be a record and for which the government deserved credit.Pakistan’s export forecast had recently been raised by 0.1 million tonnes in the wake of a deal with Indonesia, he added.He said the reasons behind the crisis in the rice sector were high production cost, the exporters focusing on profit instead of quality and the availability of Indian rice on low rates.
Local exporters wanted to sell rice at $950 to $1100 per tonne while the Indians offered prices as low as 720 to 850 per tonne because of the low production cost and hidden subsidies in their country, he added.India’s move to sell basmati at lower prices took a toll on Pakistan’s exports but its exporters remained unwilling to bring down their prices, Butt said.The business leader said that Iran was another promising market where Pakistani rice was in great demand but the payment mechanism continued to discourage the exporters.India would be a major competitor to Pakistan in the Iranian market for which exporters and the government need to make an effective strategy, he added.


Pak loses Geographical Indication bid for Basmati rice before Chennai appellate


Manish Raj | TNN | Feb 6, 2016, 02.11 PM IST
(Representative image)
CHENNAI: Pakistan has lost ts battle to obtain the prestigious Geographical Indication (GI) tag for basmati rice, owing to its failure to play by mandatory rules.Lahore-based Basmati Growers Association (BGA) had moved Intellectual Property Appellate Board here, challenging the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority's (APEDA) application seeking GI tag for basmati rice cultivated in seven states — Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Utarakhand, Haryana, Pun ab and J&K — in India.
More importantly, BGA opposed grant of GI tag basmati to India "in totality". It argued that the assistant registrar of GI in Chennai had "gravely erred that rice produced in arearegion of Madhya Pradesh, or for that matter any part of India can bear the basmati tag", the appeal added. On Friday , however, IPAB rejected the arguments saying BGA had "miserably failed" to comply with the rules.
After APEDA's application was advertised in the GI journal in May 2010, BGA served it a notice. Even though it received a counteraffidavit to its notice and in spite of two extensions, BGA failed to provide evidence supporting its opposition — within the prescribed time and format -under the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999. So the registry rejected the opposition as `abandoned' on December 31, 2013, IPR attorney P San jai Gandhi said.

BGA moved IPAB, challenging the registry's order BGA's counsel said the asso ciation filed its evidence "diligently" and it was APEDA that countered with missing documents.
Underlining the require ment for strict compliance of rules, APEDA's counse said BGA's "explanation was an afterthought and an excuse to cover up gross neg ligence." A bench of chair man Justice K N Basha and technical member (trade marks) Sanjeev Kumar Chaswal said there was no explanation to justify the de lay for filing its evidence.

Pakistan loses Geographical Indication bid for Basmati rice

Manish Raj | TNN | Feb 7, 2016, 01.44 AM IST
Chennai: Pakistan has lost its battle to obtain the prestigious Geographical Indication (GI) tag for basmati rice, owing to its failure to play by mandatory rules.Lahore-based Basmati Growers Association (BGA) had moved Intellectual Property Appellate Board here, challenging the application of the India's Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) seeking GI tag for basmati rice cultivated in seven states - Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir. More importantly, BGA opposed grant of GI tag basmati to India "in totality." It argued that the assistant registrar of GI in Chennai had "gravely erred that rice produced in the region of Madhya Pradesh, or for that matter any part of India can bear the basmati tag." On Friday, however, IPAB rejected the arguments saying BGA had "miserably failed" to comply with rules.

After APEDA's application was advertised in the GI journal in May 2010, BGA served it a notice. Even though it received a counter-affidavit to its notice and in spite of two extensions, BGA failed to provide evidence supporting its opposition - within the prescribed time and format - under the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999. So the registry rejected the opposition as 'abandoned' on December 31, 2013, IPR attorney P San jai Gandhi said.
BGA's counsel said his client moved IPAB, challenging the registry's order. He said the association filed its evidence "diligently" and it was APEDA that countered with missing documents. Underlining the requirement for strict compliance of rules, APEDA's counsel said BGA's "explanation was an afterthought and an excuse to cover up gross negligence."
A bench of the chairman Justice K N Basha and technical member (trade marks) Sanjeev Kumar Chaswal said there was no explanation to justify the delay for filing its evidence.

Rice experts worldwide to convene in Galveston March 1-4

·         Writer: Kathleen Phillips, 979-845-2872,
·         Contact: Dr. Lee Tarpley, 409-752-2741,
·         Dr. Ted Wilson, 409-752-2741,
  • Writer: Kathleen Phillips, 979-845-2872,
  • Contact: Dr. Lee Tarpley, 409-752-2741,
  • Dr. Ted Wilson, 409-752-2741,
GALVESTON — More than 400 rice scientists, industry representatives, consultants and growers are expected to gather in Galveston March 1-4 for the 36th Biennial Rice Technical Working Group meeting at Moody Gardens in Galveston, officials said.
“We’re expecting scientists from across the U.S. as well as a number of people from Asia, Latin America, Africa and Europe,” said Dr. Ted Wilson, center director at Texas A&M AgriLife Research and Extension Center-Beaumont, which is hosting the event.

Registration and conference details are at The meeting takes place every other year and is held in Texas once a decade.
Wilson said the event will cover everything about rice production, management and varietal improvement.“As scientists, we often focus narrowly on one topic,” Wilson noted. “Consultants have to focus on the whole crop from agronomy to pest management to economics. And growers have to do the same thing but at yet another level. So these interactions that we will have at the meeting are really helpful, because by partnering with growers or consultants, we can do so much more than we can by ourselves.”

Dr. Lee Tarpley, AgriLife Research plant physiologist in Beaumont and program chair, said the conference will include 270 presentations.“One of the really neat things about this meeting is that we have such a wide range of disciplines,” he said. “We’ve got talks on economics and marketing; weed control and growth regulation; rice culture; breeding and genetics; grain quality, processing and storage; and plant protection against disease and insect pests.”          Tarpley said six symposia are being held during the meeting to focus on the most important and timely issues facing the U.S. and world rice industry. Symposia topics are: Sustainable Organic Rice Production, Water Conservation Technologies for Sustainable Rice Production, Rice Value-Addition, Updates for Crop Consultants, The Role of Climatic Stress on Rice Yield and Quality, and Blast Disease.

“Although the U.S. only produces about 2 percent of all rice in the world, we are leaders in many of the scientific areas,” Wilson said. “What makes us a leader with our partners overseas is complementary expertise. It is not just us; it’s us working with them that really does it.”          Wilson noted that AgriLife Research scientists over the past 25 years have identified eight key traits in rice plants that interact to explain almost 80 percent of the average variation in yield. Traits such as producing leaves quickly or slowly, or the location on the plant where the flower head is formed help determine yield and are key to the inbred and hybrid rice breeding programs at Beaumont.

How plant traits interact to determine rice yield performance under conditions of temperature stress also will be addressed as part of the climatic stress symposium.           The rice stink bug will be a focus of the pest management topics at the meeting,  according to Dr. Mo Way, AgriLife Research entomologist in Beaumont. Attendees will learn about possible changes in the threshold numbers that determine when it is economically advantageous to use control measures on the insect.

Attendees will also get an update on blast, a serious disease on rice and wheat, according to Dr. Shane Zhou, AgriLife Research plant pathologist in Beaumont.
“Blast is an important disease and causes significant damage to rice around the world,” Zhou said. “Wheat blast is the biggest threat to wheat production in South America, and it poses a threat to wheat production in the U.S.”“Right now in the U.S., the crop doesn’t have wheat blast, but it has the potential to spread, so our speakers will focus on developing global strategies for management of rice blast and wheat blast.”           Tarpley said the conference will include a wide variety of information applicable not only for rice but for various other cropping systems.

MP bid to get GI tag for basmati hits roadblock

Over three lakh farmers in Madhya Pradesh cultivate basmati in over four lakh hectares. They were hoping for a favourable order which would help them in exports.

More than three lakh farmers in Madhya Pradesh cultivate basmati on over four lakh hectares of land and were hoping for a favourable order, which would have earned them more in exports. (Source: File | Reuters)
Madhya Pradesh’s battle to get the Geographical Indication (GI) tag for basmati rice grown by its farmers in several districts has hit a hurdle, with the Intellectual Property Appellate Board (IPAB) ruling against it.The assistant registrar of the Geographical Indications Registry had ruled in favour of Madhya Pradesh on December 31, 2013. But the Delhi-based Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) challenged the order. The Chennai-based IPAB has now sided with the APEDA, which had argued against allowing GI tag for basmati rice grown by MP farmers.More than three lakh farmers in Madhya Pradesh cultivate basmati on over four lakh hectares of land and were hoping for a favourable order, which would have earned them more in exports.

“We will move the Chennai high court. We will eventually succeed,” Madhya Pradesh Agriculture Minister Gaurishankar Bisen told The Sunday Express, a day after Justice K N Basha and technical member Sanjeev Kumar Chaswal gave their ruling.Principal Secretary (Agriculture) Rajesh Rajora said the state and other applicants had submitted detailed documentary evidence, such as the gazetteers during the British rule, to shore up the state’s case. He said the appeal will be filed in the next few days.Though there are hundreds of varieties of long grain and scented rice grown all over the world, basmati is the best known due to its unique properties attributable to agro-climatic conditions prevailing in a geographical area.

The assistant registrar had asked APEDA to include some districts in Madhya Pradesh that grow basmati before giving GI tag to the rice grown in parts of seven states, including Punjab, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.The APEDA, which functions under the Union Ministry of Commerce and Industry, had challenged the “erroneous” order on several grounds. While arguing against MP’s inclusion, APEDA claimed to have legally challenged in 40 countries third party attempted registrations in the name of basmati or any deceptive variations.Saying MP’s evidence was based on improper verification and illegible and unreadable documents, it was argued that the state does not fall in the Indo Gangetic Plain. In the 235 goods granted GI tag by the registry, only two have been challenged so far.


Sunday, 07 February 2016 | Staff Reporter | RAIPUR | in Raipur
Food, Civil Supplies and Consumer Protection Minister Punnulal Mohale on Saturday said that the negligence in purchase and procurement of paddy for the Public Distribution System (PDS) will not be tolerated.Mohale added that there was discrepancy in the purchase of 5.30 lakh metric tonne paddy and procurement at villages Alesur and Devrisuma  was less by 18 thousand 317 metric tonne. The district administration in its investigation found the fraud, and strict action had been taken against the erring officials in the Kharif Procurement season 2014-15. The Minister said that the probe had not been done on any complaint but by the State Government and district administration on its own.  There was shortage of 8,870 tonne paddy at Alesur Procurement Centre and 9,447 tonne paddy at Devrisuma Procurement centre in the year 2014-15.

 The paddy had been released without any proper delivery order to the rice millers. Sarna variety paddy had been released on the coarse paddy Delivery Order, embezzlement in the weights and measures of paddy to the rice millers and unusual discrepancy in the quantity of paddy. There was no case against the transporters. Mohale stated that the erring officials, Devrisuma Procurement Centre In-charge Mahendra Bret and Alesur Procurement Centre In-charge Ramanuj Singh Thakur had been suspended by the MarkFed in July 2015. Investigation is going on against the two officials. F.I.R. had been registered at the Batapara Police Station in November 2015.

Expert canvasses rice revolution for food security

February 7, 2016
African governments and policymakers have been urged to improve management practices and policies as a way of increasing rice production on the continent.A professor of development economics and an agricultural development expert in both Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, Keijiro Otsuka, said that if this was done, Africa would increase its rice production capacity by 50 per cent.Otsuka, who spoke during a seminar at the International Rice Research Institute, stressed that Africa needed a Green Revolution particularly for rice, which had become very important on the continent.

According to him, currently, an African eats 25 kilogrammes of rice annually, compared with only 10 kilograms 30 years ago. This, he said, was brought about by rice mostly imported from Asia.FINALLY EXPOSED!! A Natural way to completely Reverse TYPE-2 DIABETES By Attacking The Root cause Using 100% Scientifically proven Dietary Approach. CLICK HERE
Otsuka lamented the fact that imported Asian rice accounted for more than one third of African consumption, and that in Sub-Sahara Africa alone, consumption had been rising faster than production.The Food and Agriculture Organisation had identified Africa’s inability to reach self-sufficiency in rice production as being connected with several constraints in the industry.It stated that these challenges required urgent redress to stem the trend of over-reliance on imports and to satisfy the increasing demand for the staple in areas where the potential of local production resources was exploited at very low levels.
According to an FAO report, rice is a staple in many African countries and constitutes a major part of the diet, with as many as 21 of the 39 rice-producing countries in the continent importing between 50 and 99 per cent of their rice requirements.The report added that in the past three decades, the crop had seen consistent increases in demand and its growing importance was evident in the food security planning policies.“With the exception of a few countries that have attained self-sufficiency in rice production, rice demand exceeds production and large quantities of rice are imported to meet the demand at a huge cost in hard currency. Africa consumes a total of 11.6 million tonnes of milled rice per year, of which 3.3 million tonnes (33.6 percent) is imported,” the report added.
But Otsuka, who is a former chair of IRRI’s board of trustees, stressed that “an African Green Revolution in rice is feasible as the crop is the most promising one for raising food productivity on small farms in sub-Sahara Africa.Citing a study, which showed that many areas in the SSA had attained high yields by adopting Asian-type technologies and improved management practices, he expressed the belief that if sufficient resources were allocated to capacity building for effective extension systems, a green revolution in rice was possible in Africa.
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Ms Rahat Naseer

Sunday, February 07, 2016 - Rice is one of the important crops in Pakistan. According to Pakistan Economic Survey 2014,total production of rice is 6160 thousand tons in Pakistan. As rice husk comprises 20% of the paddy rice, production of rice husk comes to 1540 thousand tons annually. Rice grain contains a rough and hard outer covering, called rice husk which is inedible for human consumption and is also not being fully incorporated in livestock feeding. Rice husk contains 35 percent cellulose, 20 present hemi cellulose, 30 percent lignin, 18 percent pentose and 17 percent ash. Rice husk is one of the by-products of rice threshing process and abundantly available in the central Punjab.

Traditionally, rice husk obtained from rice thresher has been used as ingredient in ruminant and poultry feeds but the problem of low nutrients digestibility, high silica/ash content and 
abrasive characteristics are limiting factors in its utilization. According to the International Rice Research Institute, rice is one of the important staple food crops, daily food for more than 3.5 billion people of the world. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) estimated world rice production of 700 million tons in 2010. Since the husk constitutes 20% of rice, vast quantities of rice husk is disposed of as waste, or burned in open fields, polluting the environment.

the University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, a study was conducted in which rice husk was subjected to acid alkali water and fermentation. Different concentrations of acid and alkali were used. All these concentrations were selected carefully not to be harmful for animal consumption. A ration formulation was designed using processed rice husk. Feeding trials of Lohi sheep were carried out for two months. Results showed remarkably good acceptance of rice husk as a replacer of wheat bran in total mixed ration.

Inside track: Rice revelations

In his biography The Z Factor, television mogul Subhash Chandra has been extraordinarily candid about his past.

Written by Coomi Kapoor | Published:February 7, 2016 12:05 am
Subhash Chandra
In his biography The Z Factor, television mogul Subhash Chandra has been extraordinarily candid about his past. He acknowledges what was long suspected: that he profiteered enormously from dubious rice deals with the Soviets in the early 1980s. He was awarded a lucrative contract to export basmati to Russia, on the understanding that he would share 50 per cent of his profit with his benefactors in the Congress party. Chandra confesses that it was Rajiv Gandhi who steered the deal his way through his aide Vijay Dhar. Chandra writes that he deposited half the share of profits, first with Dhirendra Brahmachari, then with Sitaram Kesri and finally with Arun Nehru.
An interesting sidelight to the story is that while the Soviets were paying for expensive basmati rice, Goyal cut corners by mixing basmati with the cheaper ‘parmal’ variety. The Russians, unfamiliar with the various grades of Indian rice, assumed that he was cheating them since their long-standing rice supplier, Tulsi Tanna, had only been supplying parmal and they thought parmal was the better quality rice. Chandra did not argue with the Russians, but made even bigger profits by exporting only parmal henceforth.

Kilogram index

At a luncheon party at Minister for Communications Ravi Shankar Prasad’s residence, when BJP president Amit Shah was questioned by journalists on the poor state of the economy, Shah retorted that the state of the economy should be judged not in terms of the rupee but in terms of kilogrammes and litres. Several journalists wondered what he meant. What Shah wanted to say was that the per capita consumption of staple goods had increased, even if the price of the rupee had fallen. At the same party, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley was offered numerous suggestions on how to fix the fiscal deficit. He joked that in India while most people are known to see themselves as experts on health and cricket, the new trend is to give advice on how to manage the economy.

The oldest invitee at the Beating the Retreat function this year was 90-year-old N D Tiwari, a veteran Congressperson who has served over the years as Central minister, chief minister and governor. He came in a wheelchair steered by his son Rohit Shekhar, who was attired in identical clothes as his father, right down to the Gandhi cap. A few years ago, a court, acting on a paternity suit Shekhar filed, had declared him to be Tiwari’s son.

Falling apart

Vice-President Hamid Ansari was keen to study the 1920 law which created Aligarh Muslim University and asked Parliament House library to send a copy of the Act to his office. The Parliament House library could not oblige since the only available copy is in very poor condition and the pages crumble easily. The document could not be removed from the bookshelf and transported. An attempt to microfilm the papers proved futile since the microfilm was unreadable when magnified. It was suggested that the vice-president personally visit the library. Instead, someone from his office was sent to clarify a particular date.

Safe distance

M Natarajan, the husband of Jayalalithaa’s aide Sasikala, had managed to persuade President Pranab Mukherjee to attend his Pongal celebrations in Chennai on January 12. However, Mukherjee’s proposed visit was scuttled after the Tamil Nadu CM put her foot down and objected to a presidential visit at that point of time. Natarajan was, however, present at the President’s ‘At Home’ function at Rashtrapati Bhavan on Republic Day. He was seen talking to BJP ministers and other dignitaries and discussing the forthcoming Tamil Nadu elections. IAS and IPS officers from the Tamil Nadu cadre kept a safe distance from him. They feared that if they were seen even greeting him, the news would be conveyed back to Amma and they might by blackballed.

Misusing his name

Initially, Bihar CM Nitish Kumar wanted to appoint Madan Mohan Jha as HRD minister in his Council of Ministers. But C P Joshi, Congress general secretary incharge of Bihar, informed the CM that Rahul Gandhi was keen that Ashok Choudhary, Bihar Congress president, be given the HRD portfolio. Recently, when the Bihar CM met Rahul he pointed out that Choudhary had been made HRD minister on his request. A shocked Rahul made it clear that he had made no such suggestion. Subsequently, Choudhary has had a tough time getting an appointment with the Congress vice-president.

FCI Sends Rice Stock 'Packing'

By Express News Service
Published: 08th February 2016 05:59 AM
Last Updated: 08th February 2016 05:59 AM

JEYPORE: The Food Corporation of India (FCI) of Jeypore has returned over 800 quintals of rice to millers in the last three days citing sub-standard packing. Poor quality gunny bags used for packing rice has been cited as the reason. The gunny bags are supplied by the Odisha State Civil Supplies Corporation as per the direction of the State Government.According to sources, it was decided that miller agents have to deliver 70 per cent rice quota to the Corporation and 30 per cent quota to FCI after procuring paddy from the farmers and the gunny bags for packing should be provided by the Food, Supplies and Consumer Welfare Department. The weight of the gunny bags should be between 546 grams and 580 grams.
But the gunny bags supplied by the department weighed less than 500 grams. Citing poor quality of the bags, the Control Quality wing of the FCI rejected the stock.Meanwhile, the millers’ association of Koraput has appealed to the State Government and the FCI to consider the ground realities and allow them to supply rice with the available gunny bags.Jeypore FCI Quality Control Manager Dilip Dash said, “We have rejected the rice stock of millers as the gunny bags weigh below 546 grams and it would be difficult to store rice in the godowns with such low quality bags.” The FCI would not compromise with the standard, he added.Meanwhile, district civil supply sources clarified that the department had supplied the gunny bags to all districts and Jeypore office distributed it among the millers as per their requirement.


Chhattisgarh grain 'scam': Minister says action taken against guilty


By PTI | 7 Feb, 2016, 10.17PM IST
"An FIR was registered against the duo in Bhatapara police station in November 2015, besides a departmental inquiry is underway against them," Mohle said.RAIPUR: Chhattisgarh Government today said stringent action has been initiated against those found prima facie guilty in irregularities in the purchase and distribution of grain, since the incident came to light. "The government and the administration of Balodabazaar-Bhatpara district has taken strict action against those found prima facie guilty in irregularities which came to light in Kharif Year 2014-15.
"The investigation revealed the shortfall of 18,317 tonne of grain out of total 5,30,000 tonne of grain purchased from farmers under the 'Minimum Support Price' policy," State Food Minister Punnulal Mohle said today. The opposition Congress alleged that a scam of Rs 130 crore had taken place at the grain storage centres in the district and that government avoided conducting probe in the same.
He said the probe has exposed irregularities in Alesur and Devrisuma storage centres in Kharif Year 2014-15. "The probe detected shortfall of 8870 tonne of grain in Alesur Storage Centre and that of 9447 tonne in Devrisuma storage centre. The probe also detected instances like rice millers getting grain without posting orders, irregularity in weight of grains etc," he said. Incharges of Alesur and Devrisuma centres, namely Ramanuj Singh Thakur and Mahendra Bareth, were suspended in July 2015 by the Chhattisgarh State Co-operative Marketing Federation in this connection, the minister said. An FIR was registered against the duo in Bhatapara police station in November 2015, besides a departmental inquiry is underway against them," Mohle said. He said a district Marketing Officer and an Incharge Food Officer were also suspended in December last year.
 "The action of recovering cost of (short-fallen) grain was initiated against officials concerned of the Markfed (State Marketing Coooperative Federation)," the minister said, adding that an FIR was registered against two rice millers while three rice millers have deposited the requisite amount. He said the government is awaiting the inquiry report of grain stored in centres in Balodabazaar in Kharif years 2012-13 and 2013-14. Mohle said the government will act swiftly against the guilty on receipt of the report in this regard.
Economic times

New cropping pattern boosts mustard cultivation

RANGPUR: Agriculture experts have said cultivation of mustard has been expanding satisfactorily under new cropping pattern making farm-activities more profitable for the farmers amid changing climatic conditions in recent years. The new cropping pattern of "Short duration Aman rice- mustard or potato-mungbean- short duration Aus (pariza) rice" evolved by RDRS Bangladesh also enables the farmers in getting four crops annually from the same land, they said. They made these observations at a farmers' field day arranged for harvesting high yielding variety BARI Sorisha-14 and exhibiting its cultivation technology in village Daud Sabuzpara under Sadar upazila of Nilphamari on Sunday afternoon, according to a report by BSS. RDRS Bangladesh and Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agriculture University (BSMRAU) jointly organised the event with assistance of Krishi Gobeshona Foundation (KGF) and Department of Agriculture Extension (DAE).
District Training Officer of the DAE for Nilphamari Aftab Hossain attended the field day as the chief guest and inaugurated harvesting of BARI Sorisha-14 mustard in the field of farmer Mahindra Chandra Roy of the village. With Member of Ward No-1 of local Tupamari union Prohlad Roy in the chair, Acting Nilphamari Sadar Upazila Agriculture Officer Tanvir Ahmed Sarker attended the event as the special guest. Head of the Training Division of International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) Dr Noel Magor, its Bangladesh Representative Dr Ahmed Salauddin, Agriculture & Environment Coordinator of RDRS Bangladesh Mamunur Rashid and its Programme Coordinator for Nilphamari district unit KM Rashedul Arefin attended, among others.

More than 200 male and female farmers of the area, officials of the DAE and RDRS Bangladesh, public representatives, local community leaders and journalists attended the occasion. Research Assistant of Krishi Gobeshona Foundation Mohidul Islam delivered welcome speech narrating the new cropping pattern and cultivation technologies for increasing food production in attaining sustainable food security amid changing climate. The new cropping pattern is being popularised among the farmers in association with BSMRAU under funding of KGF with DAE assistance in Rangpur division since 2011. He said 300 farmers have set up exhibition plots of BARI Sorisha-14 on 300 bigha lands in Nilphamari district after harvesting short duration Aman rice this season adopting the cropping pattern with the assistance of RDRS Bangladesh. Special guest Tanvir Ahmed Sarker said BARI Sorisha-14 is a short duration crop that can be cultivated between the gap of harvesting short duration Aman and cultivation of Boro rice to harvest in 80-85 days to get average yield rate of over 1.5 tonnes per hectare.
After harvesting the BARI Sorisha-14, farmer Mahindra Chandra Roy got its 1.81 tonne yield rate per hectare, which is much higher than the yield rate of the traditional varieties of the crop. The chief guest suggested the farmers for expanded cultivation of BARI Sorisha-14 along with bee farming adopting the new cropping pattern and using more compost fertilisers to increase crop yield side by side with improving soil health.-Asfar 


Monday, 08 February 2016 | PNS | BHUBANESWAR | in Bhubaneswar
Major effective steps should be taken to tackle global warming and climate change and reduce the greenhouse gas emission, said the speakers at a seminar held by the Orissa Environmental Society (OES) on Sunday.Climate-resilient crops should be developed for the food security in the polluted environment, said National Rice Research Institute Scientist Dr Bhaskar Chandra Patra. The OES organised the seminar on the topic ‘Climate-Resilient Crops’ at its premises.Dr Patra also said Indian agriculture today faces multi-pronged challenges like flood, drought, etc. Agriculture is also further affected the extreme weather variations.
He said research on climate-resilient crop is in progress at the National Rice Research Institute and the OUAT so that the problem of food security in the changing climate can be addressed. OES president Dr Sundar Narayan Patro chaired the meeting. OES secretary Jaya Krushna Panigrahi gave a brief introduction on the topic of discusssion. OES vice-president BM Farooq gave welcome address. 

44m tons of rice per anum by 2050: BRRI

Bangladesh will need to produce over 44 million metric tons of rice to meet the growing demand for a projected population of 215 million by 2050.With the pace of rice output over the last five years, the production can reach up to 47.2 million metric tons by 2050, with a surplus of 2.6 million metric tons.
Different sector wise projections suggest that both problems and prospects equally exist on the way to reach the goal.However, it is possible to achieve the target and show the way forward to development if collaborative efforts of scientists continue.
These projections were revealed at the inaugural session of the six-day 24th Rice Research and Extension Workshop, and BRRI Annual Research Review Workshop 2014-2015 held at the auditorium of Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI) in the capital on Saturday; said a press BRRI.Agriculture Secretary Shyamol Kanti Gosh was present in the programme as the chief guest with BRRI Director General Dr Jiban Krishna Biswas in the chair.
Rice starch market research on 9 companies with forecasts to 2021 released by a top publisher
WhaTech Channel: Food & Beverage Market Research
 Published: 08 February 2016
Submitted by eMarketOrg WhaTech - Pro +
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The market analysis provided in this 2016 – 2021 industry research report talks about 9 companies manufacturing and active in Rice Starch segment and is supported with comprehensive data tables and figures offering key statistics.
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The Global Rice Starch Industry 2016 Market Research Report is a professional and in-depth study on the current market state profiling companies like BENEO, Ingredion , Bangkok Starch , Thai Flour ,AGRANA , WFM Wholesome Foods , Golden Agriculture  and more.
The report provides a basic overview of the industry including definitions, classifications, applications and industry chain structure. The Rice Starch industry development trends and marketing channels are analyzed.
Finally the feasibility of new investment projects are assessed and overall research conclusions offered. Development policies and plans are discussed as well as manufacturing processes and cost structures are also analyzed.
This 166 pages Rice Starch market report supported with data tables and figures is now available with in its manufacturing market research collection at
 The report focuses on global major leading industry players providing information such as company profiles, product picture and specification, capacity, production, price, cost, revenue and contact information. Upstream raw materials and equipment and downstream demand analysis is also carried out.
It provides key statistics on the state of the industry and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the market.Partial list of figures and tables provided in this Rice Starch market report cover:
Figure Picture of Rice Starch 1
Figure Rice Starch Characteristics Compared to Other Starches 2
Table Product Specifications of Rice Starch 2
Table Specification Comparison of Different Types of Rice Starch 2
Figure Global Production Market Share of Rice Starch by Types in 2015 4
Figure Food Grade Picture 4
Figure Industry Grade Picture 5
Table Applications of Rice Starch 5
Figure Global Consumption Volume Market Share of Rice Starch by Applications in 2015 6
Figure Food Industry Examples 6
Table Major Consumers from Food Industry 7
Figure Pharmaceutical Industry Examples 7
Table Major Consumers from Pharmaceutical Industry 7
Figure Cosmetic Industry Examples 8
Table Major Consumers from Cosmetic Industry 8
Figure Industry Chain Structure of Rice Starch 8
Table Global Major Regions Rice Starch Development Status in 2015 9
Table Industry Policy of Rice Starch 9
Table Industry News List of Rice Starch 12
Table Raw Material Suppliers and Price Analysis 14
Figure 2010-2015 China Rice Price Trend (USD/MT) 14
Figure 2010-2015 Global Caustic Soda Price Trend (USD/MT) 15
Table Equipment Suppliers and Price Analysis 15
Figure United States Average Hourly Wages in Manufacturing (USD/Hour) 16
Figure United States Average Weekly Hours 16
Figure Euro Area Average Monthly Wage (EUR/Month) 17
Figure China Minimum Monthly Wages (CNY/ Month) 17
Figure Indonesia Average Monthly Wages in Manufacturing (IDR THO/Month) 18
Figure Vietnam Wages In Manufacturing (VND Thousand/Month) 18
Figure Thailand Average Monthly Wages in Manufacturing (THB/Month) 19
Table 2015 Global Electricity Price of Industry (USD/KW•h) by Country 19
Table Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis of Rice Starch in 2015 20
Figure Manufacturing Process Analysis of Rice Starch 21
Table Capacity (K MT) and Production Type of Global Rice Starch Major Manufacturers in 2015 22
Table Manufacturing Plants Distribution of Global Rice Starch Major Manufacturers in 2015 22
Table Manufacturing Method Status and Technology Source of Global Rice Starch Major Manufacturers in 2015 23
Table Raw Materials Sources Analysis of Global Rice Starch Major Manufacturers in 2015 23
Table Global Capacity (K MT) of Rice Starch by Regions 2011-2016 25
Figure Global Capacity Market Share of Rice Starch by Regions in 2011 25
Figure Global Capacity Market Share of Rice Starch by Regions in 2015 26
Table Global Production (K MT) of Rice Starch by Regions 2011-2016 26
Figure Global Production Market Share of Rice Starch by Regions in 2011 26
Figure Global Production Market Share of Rice Starch by Regions in 2015 27
Table Global Revenue (Million USD) of Rice Starch by Regions 2011-2016 27
Table Global Capacity (K MT) of Rice Starch by Types 2017-2022 127
Figure Global Capacity Market Share of Rice Starch by Types in 2017 127
Figure Global Capacity Market Share of Rice Starch by Types in 2022 128
Table Global Production (K MT) of Rice Starch by Types 2017-2022 128
Figure Global Production Market Share of Rice Starch by Types in 2017 128
Figure Global Production Market Share of Rice Starch by Types in 2022 129
Table Global Revenue (Million USD) of Rice Starch by Types 2017-2022 129
Figure Global Revenue Market Share of Rice Starch by Types in 2017 129
Figure Global Revenue Market Share of Rice Starch by Types in 2022 130
Table Global Consumption Volume (K MT) of Rice Starch by Regions 2017-2022 130
International Benchmark Price
Price on: 04-02-2016
Benchmark Indicators Name
Turkish No. 2 whole pitted, CIF UK (USD/t)
Turkish No. 4 whole pitted, CIF UK (USD/t)
Turkish size 8, CIF UK (USD/t)
Californian Thompson seedless raisins, CIF UK (USD/t)
South African Thompson seedless raisins, CIF UK (USD/t)
Australian 5 Crown, CIF UK (USD/t)
South African Orange River, CIF UK (USD/t)
Turkish No 9 standard, FOB Izmir (USD/t)
For more info
Market Watch
Commodity-wise, Market-wise Daily Price on 06-02-2016
Domestic Prices
Unit Price : Rs per Qty
Market Center
Min Price
Max Price
Amreli (Gujarat)
Sangli (Maharashtra)
Theni (Tamil Nadu)
Dahod (Gujarat)
Sangli (Maharashtra)
Theni (Tamil Nadu)
Thirurrangadi (Kerala)
Taura (Haryana)
Mechua (West Bengal)
Batala (Punjab)
Satara (Maharashtra)
Sainthia (West Bengal)
For more info
Rs per 100 No
Price on 06-02-2016
Market Center
Other International Prices
Unit Price : US$ per package
Price on 05-02-2016
Market Center
Package: 50 lb cartons
Package: 20 1-lb film bags
Baby Peeled
Baby Peeled
Baby Peeled
Package: cartons tray pack
Red Delicious 
Red Delicious 
Red Delicious