Saturday, December 15, 2018

15th December 2018 Daily Global Regional Local Rice E-Newsletter

Eating white rice regularly may raise type 2 diabetes risk

Eating white rice on a regular basis may increase the risk for type 2 diabetes, according to new Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) research.HSPH researchers from the Department of Nutrition—led by Emily Hu, research assistant, and Qi Sun, research associate—reviewed four earlier studies involving more than 352,000 people from China, Japan, the United States, and Australia who were tracked between four and 22 years. The researchers found that people who ate the most rice—three to four servings a day—were 1.5 times more likely to have diabetes than people who ate the least amount of rice. In addition, for every additional large bowl of white rice a person ate each day, the risk rose 10 percent. The link was stronger for people in Asian countries, who eat an average of three to four servings of white rice per day. People in Western countries eat, on average, one to two servings a week.
The study was published in the British Medical Journal March 15, 2012.
White rice has a high glycemic index, meaning that it can cause spikes in blood sugar. Previous research has linked high glycemic index foods with increased type 2 diabetes risk.
“People should try to make a switch from eating refined carbs like white rice and white bread to eating more whole grains,” Sun told Time magazine.
Additional HSPH authors, also from the Department of Nutrition, included An Pan, research associate, and Vasanti Malik, research fellow.

Traders said GASC received a total of 11 offers, of which all the Chinese samples and one Vietnamese rice sample were accepted
Description: Falling rice Grains of white rice falling through outstretched fingers into shallow glass bowl.
Falling rice Grains of white rice falling through outstretched fingers into shallow glass bowl.
Reuters/ Allison Achauer
By Nadine Awadalla, Reuters News
CAIRO  - Egypt's state grain buyer, the General Authority for Supply Commodities (GASC), said on Thursday it had bought 47,500 tonnes of milled white rice in an international purchasing tender for shipment Feb 1 - March 1.
GASC had been seeking short grain milled white rice of any origin, with 10-12 percent broken parts, and asked traders to submit 2 kg samples of their grains for a cooking test.
Traders said GASC received a total of 11 offers, of which all the Chinese samples and one Vietnamese rice sample were accepted, traders said  while all Indian samples and one Vietnamese sample failed the test.
GASC gave no further purchase details.
A trade source gave the following breakdown of the purchase:
* Mufaddal: 38,000 tonnes of Chinese rice plus 25 pct equating to 47,500 tonnes of rice at $405 CIF and letters of credit opened at site. In-land costs for transfer from port to warehouse are 490 Egyptian pounds per tonne.

Exploit Basmati rice export potential: ADB study

Amin AhmedDecember 15, 2018 INSUFFICIENT investment in agriculture R&D has resulted in sub-optimal yields and a lower-than-potential productivity growth curve of basmati rice varieties.—White Star
INSUFFICIENT investment in agriculture R&D has resulted in sub-optimal yields and a lower-than-potential productivity growth curve of basmati rice varieties.—White Star
ISLAMABAD: The celebrated export of Pakistan’s basmati rice as well as its production has slipped, according to a study of Asian Development Bank (ADB).
The study, ‘Investment in Research and Development for Basmati Rice in Pakistan’ points out that the contribution of basmati rice as a major export commodity is below its potential.
Pakistan is fourth largest rice exporter in terms of quantity, and rice is the country’s second largest export earner, after cotton.
In the last decade, Pakistan’s overall rice export growth has remained unchanged and, in the case of basmati, has dropped significantly.
Newer long grain, non-aromatic varieties have been cutting into basmati’s share of the premium rice market. Low value, non-basmati varieties can still thrive by catering to low-priced, lower-quality markets but premium varieties require greater research and development inv­es­tment to maintain their edge.
The study notes that being a niche variety with a relatively small gene pool, basmati requires more research than other varieties in order to increase its yields, protect it from disease, enhance its ability to compete with other varieties, and increase its resilience to climate and other environmental changes.
Under-investment in basmati research and development (R&D) has led to underperformance of the subsector.
Merely increasing budgetary allocations of public sector R&D will not achieve the intended purpose.
A wholesale reform of the R&D institutional structure is almost impossible given incumbent interests and the absence of political motivation.
While investment in basmati R&D requires attention to the entire value-chain, the single most important aspect is to develop seed varieties that can thrive in changing ecological and marketing environments.
The study says that the cess collected from rice exporters in the last two decades has not been chanelled as the Export Development Fund Act stipulates. The Act specifies that the cess funds can be used for R&D, technical institutes, market and product development, and other areas related to export enhancement.
Rice exporters pay a surcharge of 0.25 per cent, which is deducted by the bank from foreign receipts and submitted to the State Bank of Pakistan.
Published in Dawn, December 15th, 2018
Bago City farmers get P4.2-M in equipment, livelihood
By Erwin Nicavera  December 14, 2018, 7:01 pm
FARM EQUIPMENT. Bago City Mayor Nicholas Yulo (center) and Vice Mayor Ramon Torres (2nd from left) lead officials during the turn-over of the P4.2 million worth of farm machinery and livelihood projects at the City Agriculture Office in Barangay Balingasag on Thursday (December 13, 2018). (Photo courtesy of the City of Bago)

BACOLOD CITY -- The City of Bago in Negros Occidental distributed PHP4.2-million worth of farm equipment and livelihood to 14 associations on Thursday.
The turn-over ceremony was led by Mayor Nicholas Yulo and City Agriculturist Carlito Indencia at the City Agriculture Office in Barangay Balingasag.
Yulo said the city government recognizes the need to assist the farmers to attain rice industry development. “The distribution of farm machinery has contributed to the improvement (of rice yield),” the mayor said.
As of November, this year, Bago City’s average rice yield was pegged at 4.4 metric tons per hectare, higher than the 4.1 metric tons per hectare in 2017.
“By boosting our production, we can also contribute to increasing the province’s rice sufficiency level and ensuring food security,” Yulo added.
Dubbed the rice granary of Negros Occidental, Bago City’s contribution to the province’s total rice production is about 19 percent.
Farm machinery units, including a hand tractor, two thresher, one multi-tilling machine, three rice planting machines, and five pumps with engines, were distributed to 10 farmers association-recipients.
These included the Punta Playa Multi-Purpose Association, Mailum Organic Village Association, Barangay Napoles Women Association for Rural Improvement, Fermina Small Water Impounding System Association, Bago Integrated Farmers Association, Small Farmers Association of Abuanan, Dulao and Antipuluan, Newton-Camingawan-Para Farmers Association, Barangay Malingin Farmers Association, Association of Rice Farmers of Tabunan, and Sagasa Women’s Group.
They also received livelihood projects like "balut" (fertilized duck eggs) making, food processing, salted egg making, and mushroom production.
Four fisherfolk associations, including Taloc Baybay Fisherfolk Association, Calubay Anahaw Small Fishermen Association, Can-itum Integrated Fisherfolk Association, and Barangay Calumangan Integrated Fisherfolk Association, were provided alternative livelihood projects such as fish vending, rag making as well as cooking equipment and facilities.
Indencia said the machinery and livelihood projects are funded by the city government through its Agriculture Development Program.
“The program covers the city’s measure to develop its rice and fishery sectors,” he said, adding that it also aims to provide farmers and fisherfolk alternative sources of income through the livelihood development component. 

Could gene-edited asexual rice produce better crops?
14 December 2018
A gene editing technique has been used to produce asexual rice, which could carry traits such as high yields and drought resistance. The Innovative Genomics Institute in the US explains how it works and why the researchers behind this innovation believe it will improve commercial rice crops.(Image: Diagram explaining how newly engineered rice can reproduce asexually, Credit: Innovative Genomics Institute.)