Friday, September 11, 2020

11th September 2020 Daily Global Regional Local Rice E-Newsletter

 

 

Why You NEED To Soak Your Rice, According To Indian Cooking Experts

A viral egg fried rice video has sparked a big debate: To soak or not to soak?

By 

Amrita Amesur

 

09/09/2020 05:45am EDT

In July, Malaysian comedian Nigel Ng released a YouTube video titled “DISGUSTED by this Egg Fried Rice Video” under his comedic moniker Uncle Roger in which he slammed Hersha Patel, a BBC Food presenter, for the way she cooked Chinese-style egg fried rice.

Ng was horrified that Patel boiled the rice in excess water, much like you’d cook pasta, and then drained the rice through a colander to wash off the starch, which is known as the draining method of cooking rice. Uncle Roger expressed comedic horror over what he saw as Patel’s inability to cook rice, prompting a viral internet storm of shock, outrage and charges of a “hate crime” against the grain.

The ordeal also sparked a larger conversation about the various methods of cooking rice.

As an Indian, having grown up eating rice every day cooked by way of the draining method, I’ve personally always been horrified as to how other cultures simply throw rice and lentils out of a bag and into a pot, without so much as washing it. More importantly, without soaking it.

Soaking rice before cooking it actually assimilates its nutritional qualities, meaning it helps the gastrointestinal tract better absorb vitamins and minerals from the rice, according to renowned Indian nutritionist and advocate of regional indigenous foods Rujuta Diwekar. Soaked rice also cooks faster and produces a beautiful bloomed texture, allowing it to retain the aromatic elements of the rice.

Soaking removes phytic acid, which prevents your body from fully absorbing the nutrients in rice.

Phytic acid is a natural substance found in plant seeds that impairs the body’s absorption of iron, zinc and calcium. It’s found at especially high levels in seeds, grains, legumes, beans and nuts.

“Phytic acid is found in plants, forming the storage unit of phosphorus in seeds,” macrobiotic nutritionist and chef Shonali Sabherwal, recently recognized as the best nutritionist by Vogue India in the Vogue Beauty Awards 2020, told HuffPost. “It stops absorption of minerals and soaking [rice in water] removes the phytic acid. Those with zinc and iron deficiency need to be more careful about it.”

Sabherwal pointed out that the impairment of mineral absorption is limited to that meal and does not affect any future meals. Nor does it cause any systemic impairments preventing the body from absorbing nutrition from any other foods after such a meal.

There’s no need to avoid eating rice, Sabherwal said. “Don’t avoid an entire food group. But use cooking methods that enhance its nutrition,” such as soaking, which has proven to be effective in reducing phytic acid levels and increasing the bioaccessibility of zinc and iron from food grains, including rice.

Certain types of rice are better suited for soaking than others.

In India, you will find myriad varieties of rice, based on the terroir of the region, commonly cooked in a variety of methods: in pressure cookers, boiled in large pots of salted water like pasta, and drained or cooked with measured amounts of water per the absorption method. There is no right or wrong method, but rather a preferred one.

Whole grain rices benefit from soaking longer than polished grain rices.

The desired texture and dish you’re preparing dictates the specific variety of rice and the cooking technique. For example, pulaos or pilafs, made with long grain basmati or other aged fragrant rice, tend to use the absorption method, and soaking is avoided to preserve the integrity of the grain. For plain rice, the boiling and draining method after soaking the rice is commonly acceptable.

There are as many ways to prep and cook rice as there are varieties of the grain and the cultures that eat it. Each variety of rice has a different shape, size (long grain, medium grain or short grain), starch and fiber content, and all are used in different contexts and recipes to achieve various textural and flavor outcomes. It is these factors that determine the amount of liquid and time needed to soak the rice, and to cook the rice to perfection. Based on the quality and kind of rice, and depending on whether it is aged or not, the ideal soaking time could be anywhere from 15 minutes to 12 hours.

How long to soak rice?

Much of the rice prep in Indian kitchens typically begins with washing and picking the rice several times, swirled in water by hand to wash away the starch and any foreign matter.

Every type of rice and recipe calls for specific instructions, but this is generally how long to soak rice:

·         Unmilled or unhusked whole grain brown, black, red, wild or other unpolished rice: Soak 6-12 hours

·         Polished brown rice: Soak 4-6 hours

·         Thai sticky rice: Soak overnight

·         Basmati, jasmine and sushi rice: Soak 15-30 minutes, unless the recipe specifically recommends otherwise

·         Short grain starchy and glutinous rice (arborio): Don’t soak

·         Ordinary polished white rice: Soak 0-15 minutes (recommended but not necessary)

More reasons Indian cooks soak their rice.

The practice of soaking, codified in ancient culinary texts and through verbal traditions, continues to hold solid in Indian kitchens.

“The Manasollasa (an early 12th-century encyclopedic Sanskrit text) mentions that one of the ways in which rice achieves a soft yet open texture is by draining off the excess liquid when the rice is cooked al dente and keeping the rice covered for a while for the steam to finish the cooking process,” Saee Koranne Khandekar, author of the Marathi cuisine cookbook “Pangat,” told HuffPost. “The text also mentions thorough washing and soaking as essential steps, again perhaps because in the 12th century, only hand-pounded rice was being eaten.”

Marina Balakrishnan, a Keralite food specialty chef based in Mumbai, explained that grains really cook perfectly to their core only when well hydrated from a soak. “Soaking speeds up the cooking process, the grain absorbs the water and the heat softens the grain,” Balakrishnan said. “My grandmother used to say that soaking rice increases the flavor of the grain. Also, when it is soaked for less time, I find it tastes a little grainy even after cooking.”

Sabherwal and Balakrishnan agree that the types of rice that deeply benefit in texture from a good soak are the heartier whole grain, brown, black and red rice, along with other unpolished grains. But since phytic acid is present in all rice, it is only the soaking of the rice that ensures its removal for optimum absorption of minerals by the body.

Culinarily and nutritionally, the arguments certainly fall in favor of this extra labor of love ― so soak your rice and grains. Think of it as bonus nutrients and minerals, without the pills.

https://www.huffpost.com/entry/why-you-need-to-soak-rice_l_5f466b5dc5b64f17e136f7d1

 

Sales of 200,000 Tons of 2020-Harvested Rice to Be Suspended

   Tokyo, Sept. 10 (Jiji Press)--The Central Union of Agricultural Cooperatives, or JA-Zenchu, on Thursday revealed plans to suspend until autumn 2021 or later sales of around 200,000 tons of rice harvested in Japan in 2020, in a bid to prevent rice prices from falling.
   The nationwide agricultural body explained the plans at a meeting of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party on the day.
   The move comes as rice shipments to the restaurant industry are sluggish amid the coronavirus epidemic.
   In the year through June 2020, rice demand dropped 220,000 tons from the previous year, twice the initially estimated amount, due partly to the October 2019 consumption tax hike.
   Rice demand is on a long-term downtrend, reflecting the diversification of what people eat in Japan. Annual demand is now estimated at about 7.1 million tons, against estimated production of some 7.3 million tons.

To read a full story, please click here to find out how to subscribe

https://jen.jiji.com/jc/eng?g=eco&k=2020091001268#:~:text=Tokyo%2C%20Sept.%2010%20(Jiji,prevent%20rice%20prices%20from%20falling.

 

Special Report: Heavy rains and flooding in August affect primary rice producing areas in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

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·         The April to September main cropping season in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) has been one of the wettest rainfall periods since 1981 across the southern agricultural producing provinces in the country (Figure 1,2). The majority of this rainfall was received in August (Figure 3), causing widespread flooding and inundating main season crops ready for harvest starting in September.

·         The main producing southern provinces have been the hardest hit from the record rainfall in August (Figure 3), causing flooding across parts of North Hwanghae Province, South Hwanghae Province, South Pyongan, North Pyongan, and Kangwon Province.

·         In early August, heavy rainfall from Typhoon 4 followed by additional rainfall through the first two weeks of the month resulted in landslides and flooding across the South, damaging 39,296 hectares of farmland, particularly in the North Hwanghae and Kangwon.

·         On August 27th, Typhoon Bavi made landfall over the coast of North Pyongan province, bringing further heavy rains and winds to the key rice-producing provinces of North Hwanghae and South Hwanghae and damaging standing crops.

·         This was followed by additional rains and damage to eastern coastal areas from Typhoons Maysak and Haishen at the start of September.

·         Rainfall totals this season have been higher in some areas than the record 2007 season when DPRK experienced widespread flooding over the main producing southwest provinces that make up the country’s “Cereal Bowl” with severe food security outcomes.

·         Forecasts indicate above-average rainfall is expected to continue through September which could increase the risk of further flood events during a time when harvests should be underway for main season crops.

 

 

Provinces asked to buy rice, corn from farmers

September 10, 2020 | 7:50 pm

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GOVERNORS of the top rice and corn producing provinces were encouraged to purchase the staples directly from farmers in order to help prop up farmgate prices during the harvest, with the Department of Agriculture pointing to the availability of government credit for such purchases.

In a statement, Agriculture Secretary William D. Dar asked Nueva Ecija, Isabela, Pangasinan, Cagayan, Iloilo, Camarines Sur, Tarlac, Negros Occidental, Maguindanao, Bukidnon, North Cotabato, and Leyte to help normalize prices of the two commodities.

Mr. Dar said the 12 provinces combined produced more than 9.74 million metric tons (MT) of palay last year, accounting for 51.8% of national output.

“Their direct procurement will significantly shore up the national average farmgate price of palay, thus helping more farmers,” Mr. Dar said.

According to Mr. Dar, provinces can apply for loans from the Land Bank of the Philippines (LANDBANK) for palay direct purchases and machinery procurement, including equipment for post-harvest facilities.

“We have been closely working with LANDBANK to provide accessible and affordable credit not only to farmers, fishers, and agripreneurs, but also to LGUs under the bank’s PAlay aLAY sa Magsasaka ng Lalawigan (PALAY ng Lalawigan) Program,” Mr. Dar said.

The program, which was launched in 2019, had initial funding of P10 billion and benefited farmers in Isabela, Nueva Ecija, and Camarines Sur.

Mr. Dar has directed the National Food Authority to make its warehouses available for the use of LGUs and farmers’ cooperatives and associations.

“As the country’s rice farmers start reaping this year’s main rice crop, we count on the continued support of our ‘food security czars’ in partnership with farmers nationwide. Directly buying their palay is a win-win situation — giving them reasonable income for their harvest and ensuring an adequate supply of rice for consumers in their localities,” Mr. Dar said.

During the third week of August, the Philippine Statistics Authority said the farmgate price of palay was at P18.39, while the farmgate prices of yellow and white corn grain were at P13.03 and P14.44, respectively. — Revin Mikhael D. Ochave

https://www.bworldonline.com/provinces-asked-to-buy-rice-corn-from-farmers/

 

Ghana developing GMOs for cowpea and rice

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Description: File photo -  Farmers have been urged to learn about GMO seeds developmentFile photo - Farmers have been urged to learn about GMO seeds development


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Ghana is in the process of developing two Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) varieties for rice and cowpea.

Dr Richard Ampadu-Ameyaw, a Senior Research Scientist at the Science and Technology Policy Research Institute (STEPRI) of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), who announced this said research had proved that GMO varieties were important in the sustainable production of rice and cowpeas in the country.

It is therefore important for Ghanaians to accept and embrace GMO technologies in order to match up with the world’s technological advancement.

Dr Ampadu-Ameyaw was speaking at a training workshop on GMOs for farmers in the Ejura-Sekyeredumase Municipality.

It was organized by the Open Forum on Agricultural Biotechnology (OFAB) Ghana, in collaboration with the CSIR as part of efforts to educate farmers and clarify issues and misconceptions on GMOs.

It also created a platform for the farmers to learn about GMO seeds development, regulation and commercialization in Ghana.

According to Dr Ampadu-Ameyaw, genetically modified technologies had been identified as one of the safest methods for preventing insect and pest invasion in rice and cowpeas, while saving farmers from losing their crop fields to these insects and pests.

Mr Daniel Osei Ofosu, a Research Scientist at the Biotechnology and Nuclear Agriculture Research Institute (BNARI) of the Ghana Atomic Energy Commission (GAEC) said insects and pests could make farmers lose about 90 percent of their crops on the field.

He cited the Maruca pod borer as one that attacked the cowpea plant, sucked the pod dry, and sometimes, by harvesting time, farmers lose a whole farm to pest infestation.

Attempts by researchers to use the conventional breeding methods to tackle the attacks by aphids, thrips and Striga in cowpea have failed.

However, after some trials with GM technology on a cowpea plantation, it repelled insects from boring and sucking into the plants.

Mr Ofosu said the GM technologies could complement the conventional ways of breeding to counteract the activities of the pests and cowpea production rate and planted area had declined in the last decade due to pest and insect attacks.

Mr Ofosu said regulations would soon be applied on GMO seeds to enable farmers to plant to increase production.

https://www.ghanaweb.com/GhanaHomePage/business/Ghana-developing-GMOs-for-cowpea-and-rice-1055929

 

Brazilian Government Zeroes Tax on Rice Imports Until December

The reduction is restricted to 400,000 tons of husked and processed rice, according to a decision of the Foreign Trade Chamber.

By

 Arkady Petrov

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RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - The GECEX (Management Executive Committee) of the CAMEX (Foreign Trade Chamber) decided to zero the tax rate on imports of hulled and processed rice until December 31st of this year.

The temporary reduction is restricted to a quota of 400,000 tons, levied on products covered by codes 1006.10.92 (non-parboiled hulled rice) and 1006.30.21 (semi-milled or milled rice, non-parboiled) of the NCM (Mercosur Common Nomenclature).

The decision was taken on Wednesday, September 9th, during the 8th Extraordinary Meeting of the GECEX, as proposed by the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock . . .

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https://riotimesonline.com/brazil-news/rio-politics/brazilian-government-zeroes-tax-on-rice-imports-until-december/

 

DA chief sees lesser rice imports for rest of 2021

ByJasper Y. Arcalas

September 10, 2020

 

Description: https://businessmirror.com.ph/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/Agri-photo-062920.jpgA stall at the San Andres public market sells assorted varieties of rice in this Businessmirror file photo.

The Department of Agriculture (DA) estimates that the country’s total rice imports this year would decline by nearly a quarter to 2.2 million metric tons (MMT), from last year’s 3 MMT.

“I think we might have about 2.2 million metric tons of rice imports this year,” Agriculture Secretary William D. Dar during the House Committee on Appropriations hearing on the Department of Agriculture’s 2021 proposed budget.

Despite lower projected import volume, Dar assured the public that rice supply would be sufficient as local palay production is estimated to reach about 22 MMT, which would give the country a 93-percent rice self-sufficiency level.

The DA has repeatedly pronounced that they expect the country to end the year with a rice stock sufficient to last by at least 80 days.

The country’s rice imports from January to August reached 1.642 MMT, about 44 percent of the 3.737 MMT volume applied by the private sector to date, Bureau of Plant Industry (BPI) data obtained by the BusinessMirror showed.

Latest BPI data also showed that rice imports in August reached a two-month high of 139,706.323 metric tons (MT) as importers used 189 sanitary and phytosanitary import clearance (SPS-IC) to bring in the volume.

The eight-month volume was less than half of what 202 registered rice traders, comprising farmers cooperatives, organizations, traders, companies and private firms applied to import, BPI data further showed.

The BPI earlier told the BusinessMirror that “unjustified” underutilization by traders of their approved SPS-IC for milled rice is an “anomalous” activity that may disrupt state food sufficiency planning.

The BPI, an attached agency of the Department of Agriculture (DA), said the underutilization of the SPS-ICs this year was attributed to such reasons as the lockdowns in countries of origin due to Covid-19 pandemic and export ban in Vietnam.

Other reasons given by rice importers were: delayed shipments, rice suppliers limiting their export to ensure supply for their own needs, port congestion and holidays at country of origins and high price of imported rice than locally produced staple, according to BPI’s National Plant Quarantine Service Division (NPQSD).

The United States Department of Agriculture projected that the Philippines would remain as the world’s top rice importer for the second consecutive year this 2020 with volume reaching 2.6 MMT.

The country’s rice imports last year reached a record-high of 3.1 MMT, Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) data showed.

 

SEPTEMBER 10, 2020 / 4:27 AM / UPDATED 20 HOURS AGO

UPDATE 1-Brazil food price spike is temporary, pandemic-fueled supply shock -treasury secretary

Jamie McGeeverGabriel Ponte

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(Adds quote, details)

By Jamie McGeever and Gabriel Ponte

BRASILIA, Sept 9 (Reuters) - The recent sharp rise in Brazilian food prices is part of a temporary global phenomenon caused by a coronavirus pandemic-induced supply shock, Treasury Secretary Bruno Funchal said on Wednesday, adding it would soon pass.

Figures showed earlier on Wednesday that food and drink prices rose 0.78% in August, one of the biggest drivers of inflation last month, and Brazil eliminated taxes on some rice imports through Dec. 31 to help combat a steep increase in domestic prices.

“It is a temporary shock. This will be reversed soon, but it is a worldwide phenomenon related to the pandemic,” Funchal said in a live online event hosted by the FUCAPE Business School.

Government statistics agency IBGE said on Wednesday that rice prices rose 3% in August and were up 19% this year. Beans, the other half of the country’s staple diet, were up as much as 30% this year, IBGE said.

In a presentation and question-and-answer session, Funchal reiterated the government’s view that “expansionary austerity” - cutting public spending to encourage private-sector investment - was the only way to lift productivity, investment, demand and economic growth.

The spending splurge to cushion the economic impact of the pandemic, particularly emergency aid transfers to millions of Brazil’s poorest people, was “necessary, but temporary,” and fiscal consolidation would resume next year, he said.

“In 2021, we will return to have total control of spending, get debt on a more sustainable path,” Funchal said, adding that was needed to give investors confidence and help keep interest rates low.

Funchal also said the economy was on course to shrink by about 5% this year, less than many other countries and also recovering faster than many. The government’s official target is for a decline of 4.7%. (Reporting by Jamie McGeever and Gabriel Ponte; Editing by Sandra Maler and Peter Cooney)

Our Standards:The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.

https://www.reuters.com/article/brazil-economy-treasury-secretary/update-1-brazil-food-price-spike-is-temporary-pandemic-fueled-supply-shock-treasury-secretary-idUSL1N2G62I6

 

 

Prices of rice and other commodities are expected to increase – Expert

The price of rice is expected to increase as the festive period draws near.

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Nigeria’s rice production volume for 2020 is put at 8 million tonnes – with 2.5 million tonnes expected from Kebbi state. However, that expectation suffered a huge setback with over 2 million tonnes of rice washed away by floods among other factors.

According to the KPMG Rice Industry Review, rice is the third most consumed staple food in Nigeria (after maize and cassava). With the festive season fast approaching, the demand for rice is expected to increase.

BackstoryNairametrics earlier reported that the recent floods in rice-producing Kebbi State had destroyed over 25% of Nigeria’s expected 8 million tons of rice harvests this year. The Kebbi State Commissioner for Agriculture, Attahiru Maccido, disclosed to newsmen that it had lost N1 billion worth of rice and other commodities in the state.

READ: Minister of Petroleum explains reasons for subsidy removal

It also reported that the Pipeline and Product Marketing Company (PPMC), Ibadan depot issued an internal memo on September 2, 2020, notifying all stakeholders of an increase in the pump price of petrol to N151.56 per litre.

What to expect

Senior Research Analyst, Financial Derivatives Company, Temitope Olugbile explained that scarcity of rice is expected, as 450,000 hectares of rice – 2 million tonnes, were washed away in Kebbi state out of the expected 2.5 million tonnes this year. This will lead to a high demand for the scarce commodity, resulting in a price increase.

The new pump price of petrol, which led to increase in the cost of transporting farm produce to the market will inevitably cause a price surge for rice.

READ: How State Governments will become richer without FAAC allocation

Journey to rice sufficiency

Nigeria’s journey to rice sufficiency has been full of ups and downs, especially with the tough decision of border closure to curb smuggling and boost local production. According to data from Index Mundi, Nigeria had a production volume of over 5 million tonnes of milled rice last year.

The current gains in rice production are evident, as volume increased by 11.06% in 2019. However, it is noteworthy that the country is still far from being self-sufficient in rice production.

Way forward

She emphasized that the policies and programs which the government has implemented from forex restrictions to border closure and the Anchor Borrowers Program, which provides farm inputs to farmers, are all impressive.

However, these policies, as a stand-alone without adequate infrastructures, are not sufficient to combat exogenous factors like flood, which is beyond the control of the government and the rice farmers.

She called for proper irrigation and drainage infrastructure, as this would help to cushion the effects of water-logging in farms.

https://nairametrics.com/2020/09/10/prices-of-rice-and-other-commodities-are-expected-to-increase-expert/

 

Hybrid rice yield likely to increase by 40-50pc in Sindh, S.Punjab

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Iqtidar Gilani

September 10, 2020

LAHORE            -        Hybrid coarse varieties of rice are likely to give 40-50 per cent more yield in Sindh and South Punjab this year. Favourable weather conditions, good and timely rains, improved seed quality and proper technical support from seed companies resulted in more yield that would enhance income of growers. “Hybrid rice is getting good yield. At least 40-50% more yield is expected this year which means increase in growers income in the same proportions”, said stakeholders of rice sector. “Coarse varieties like Superfine is already in the market for the last couple of weeks. New Superfine is healthy. Same is for hybrid paddy, reaching to peak arrival gradually. Some farmers have 90/100 maunds paddy output which means a healthy return”, said Guard Agricultural Research & Services Limited (GUARD) Chief Executive Officer Shahzad Ali Malik, adding, that an average yield with traditional varieties in South Punjab was 40-50 maunds per acre which with hybrid seed has improved to 100-110 maunds per acre. “Thus, double the yield means double the income and a socio-economic change in the life of grower,” he said. He said that only 6-7 per cent area is being cultivated with Hybrid rice in South Punjab and next year it is expected to reach 15-16 per cent. He said that 30-35 per cent area in Sindh is already under hybrid seed varieties and it is expected that by next season the figure may reach 50 per cent in Sindh alone. He said that some 40 companies were dealing in hybrid seed but only a few including their have own research and development facilities. He proudly disclosed that his company has lion’s share in the hybrid seed business and about 50 to 60 per cent seed is being marketed by his company. Referring to last year’s failure of rice crop in Sindh, Malik said that temperature increase due to climate change had failed the rice crop last year. This year too rice crop in Larkana district had seen some difficulties due to high temperature. “For tackling this problem, we have introduced heat tolerant and drought tolerant varieties and working continuously on to improve their performance further,” he added. Rice Exporters Association of Pakistan (REAP) Chairman Shahjahan Malik hoped that Pakistan can add one million tons of more rice in the next five years thus making more surplus available for export. However, he said that everyone should not be allowed to import hybrid rice and sell.

https://nation.com.pk/10-Sep-2020/hybrid-rice-yield-likely-to-increase-by-40-50pc-in-sindh-s-punjab

 

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Afghanistan- Herat Rice Production Up 25% This Year: Officials



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(MENAFN - Daily Outlook Afghanistan) HERAT - Rice production has increased by 25 percent in Herat province and farmers are expected to harvest over 60,000 metric tons, the Herat Agriculture Department said on Monday.
A number of farmers in the province have said that sufficient water and reduced pest problems are among the two key factors which have helped the farmers harvest a good crop.
'By the grace of Allah, the crops are good now after the establishment of Salma Dam. Along with wheat, we also grow rice, we have achieved good results with it, said Ghulam Nabi, a farmer in Herat.
'This year there is sufficient water and there are good crops, said Abdul Sattar, a farmer in Herat.
'This year's rice has brought good results. In previous years, crops were being burned because of the lack of water, but this year the crop is good, said Mohammad, a farmer.
'Our estimate is that around 60,000 tons will be produced in Herat province. Last year, the figure was around 45,000 tons. Overall, rice is being grown over 11,000 hectors of lands, said Abdul Saboor Rahmani, the head of Herat's agriculture department.
'Local rice saves its natural taste compared to imported rice, said Jawed Ghafoori, an agricultural expert.
Herat's rice fields are located mostly along the Harirod river which passes through Herat's Anjel, Woba, Guzra, and Pashtun Zarghon districts. (TOLO NEWS)

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Description: Afghanistan- Herat Rice Production Up 25% This Year: Officials

 

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https://menafn.com/1100771488/Afghanistan-Herat-Rice-Production-Up-25-This-Year-Officials

 

Rice exporters organize training to protect rights of agri women’s children

 

Description: Rice exporters organize training to protect rights of agri women’s childrenRice exporters organize training to protect rights of agri women’s children

ISLAMABAD, Sep 10 (APP): Top rice exporters of Pakistan Thursday arranged training workshop to train the women as well as rice millers to sensitize them regarding basic Juvenile right of the children of female agriculture workers, especially the rice transplanters.

“We are providing best facilities for promoting decent working conditions for the rice transplanter women and their children in rice value chain from agro-fields to rice mills, said Zafar Iqbal, Country Manager of Sustainability and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) of Rice Partners Ltd (RPL), a rice exporting and philanthropic organization, addressing the training workshop here.

The organization including Rice Partners Ltd (RPL) in collaboration with Helvetas Pakistan organized the one day training workshop on “Promoting Decent Working Conditions to Ensure Sustainable Rice Production”, by Rice Partners Ltd (RPL), Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation here.

Zafar Iqbal said that at the training workshop they were engaging the women workers of the rice fields and 40 rice mills coming from major rice businesses of Punjab province.
He said that the organization had trained 30,000 of female rice transplanters and also provided them awareness on juvenile rights.

He said that RPL had prioritized to provide awareness for protection of rice transplanter children, including the families working in whole rice value chain to provide them decent working environment.

ALSO READ  Pakistani girl studying plant protection in China aims to ease burden of farmers, improve yield

 

Zafar said RPL was a social impact business that worked with thousands of growers of Basmati rice in Punjab to provide them with the best growing practices for enhancing their yields and livelihoods.

He said around 15000 families were engaged only from district Sheikhupura and more then 100,000 from all over the Punjab.

Usually all members from a family take part in transplanting work, he added.

Zafar said that children from those families also accompanied their parents.

While addressing the training workshop, renowned senior child rights activist and consultant Sadia Hussain said that physical, emotional and psychological health of children belonging to agriculture workers must be considered for conducive working environment in rice value chain.

She said that physical and mental torture not badly impacted the children’s life but also suffered the working condition.

She said that the protection of children and vulnerable adults was a collective societal responsibility.

Sadia Hussain said that the right to name, health, food, education, freedom of expression and association children must be protected besides the right to respect regardless of race, colour and creed.

She such children must be protected against abuses and violence like forced labor and any physical or emotional torture.

ALSO READ  Pakistani girl studying plant protection in China aims to ease burden of farmers, improve yield

 

Senior Corporate and Development sector Consultant, Annan Waffi Qureshi on the occasion said that juvenile right should be prioritized in every sector including agriculture side.

He highlighted the mode of communication to create the awareness for children right and their protection, especially who are belongs to the families working in rice value chain.

On the occasion, Field Manager, Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation, Zahid Rehman said that they were providing these children with the moveable backpack canopies covered from all sides to avoid the insects and provision of shelters along with the dry food, repellents, and water coolers in rice cultivation region of the Punjab.

Zahid Rehman said that working conditions of the farm were highly hazardous and exposed children to several risks of insect bites, injuries and infections, exposure to extreme heat and pesticides without any shelter.

Similarly, for the larger group of families working jointly a farm level, a bigger shelter tent along with solar plates, fans, air cooler, water cooler and first aid boxes were provided to keep the children in a healthy and safe environment at farm level, he said.

More than 40 rice mills including organizations from development sectors, academia and media personnel participated in the event.

https://www.app.com.pk/business/rice-exporters-organize-training-to-protect-rights-of-agri-womens-children/

 

 

Rice Prices

as on : 10-09-2020 07:31:09 PM

Arrivals in tonnes;prices in Rs/quintal in domestic market.

Arrivals

Price

Current

%
change

Season
cumulative

Modal

Prev.
Modal

Prev.Yr
%change

Rice

Shahjahanpur(UP)

280.00

12

9151.00

2615

2605

NC

Varanasi(Grain)(UP)

140.00

16.67

3289.00

2630

2685

10.27

Gondal(UP)

125.00

13.64

10060.50

2400

2400

-3.23

Utraula(UP)

115.00

827.42

927.10

2400

2400

-

Barhaj(UP)

100.00

42.86

12155.00

2530

2530

4.12

Dadri(UP)

90.00

-10

3195.00

5960

5960

-

Bindki(UP)

90.00

-10

6570.00

2440

2470

1.67

Kalipur(WB)

88.00

4.76

3911.00

2400

2400

2.13

Mandya(Kar)

79.00

-77.87

8535.00

2300

2300

-

Azamgarh(UP)

75.00

-42.31

6856.70

2545

2540

3.46

Sainthia(WB)

68.00

-1.45

569.00

2610

2610

6.10

Kasimbazar(WB)

66.00

NC

2045.00

2675

2650

-3.78

Hapur(UP)

60.00

NC

1672.00

2770

2820

-2.81

Kanpur(Grain)(UP)

60.00

-14.29

6240.00

2150

1900

-7.53

Choubepur(UP)

52.50

-7.57

2888.25

2400

2425

-10.11

Kopaganj(UP)

52.00

-14.75

2233.00

2550

2545

3.66

Ghaziabad(UP)

50.00

42.86

3335.00

2860

2850

-2.22

Sealdah Koley Market(WB)

50.00

-9.09

757.20

2700

2700

-

Aligarh(UP)

45.00

12.5

5092.00

2540

2540

NC

Pandua(WB)

45.00

-13.46

2048.00

3250

3250

10.17

Kandi(WB)

43.00

-28.33

1988.50

2720

2640

6.67

Allahabad(UP)

40.00

NC

2982.50

2315

2500

-9.22

Ballia(UP)

40.00

-33.33

3543.00

2640

2650

9.54

Saharanpur(UP)

40.00

NC

3259.50

2810

2825

-1.06

Memari(WB)

37.00

37.04

208.00

2550

2550

13.33

Shamli(UP)

36.00

20

1632.40

2825

2810

2.36

Beldanga(WB)

35.00

16.67

1870.00

2700

2700

3.85

Sangli(Mah)

33.00

57.14

74.00

4550

4000

-

Mainpuri(UP)

33.00

10

4526.50

2650

2600

NC

Lakhimpur(UP)

32.00

-8.57

3400.00

2430

2440

-0.41

Basti(UP)

31.50

-10

2093.00

2540

2550

3.67

Firozabad(UP)

31.00

14.81

2152.60

2550

2590

-

Asansol(WB)

31.00

-3.12

1466.01

3100

3100

6.90

Manvi(Kar)

30.00

-72.73

1311.00

2350

1936

-

Khalilabad(UP)

30.00

-33.33

2382.00

2550

2550

7.37

Lalitpur(UP)

30.00

-11.76

1995.50

2510

2485

-4.20

Sehjanwa(UP)

30.00

-33.33

3292.50

2540

2520

17.59

Bankura Sadar(WB)

28.00

NC

2607.00

2500

2500

4.17

Katwa(WB)

27.20

-0.73

538.90

2550

2500

-

Muzzafarnagar(UP)

26.00

18.18

4883.00

2810

2825

-1.40

Mathura(UP)

26.00

NC

3481.50

2580

2550

-0.77

Guskara(Burdwan)(WB)

26.00

-3.7

589.00

2550

2500

-

Sindhanur(Kar)

25.00

-63.77

848.00

1400

1400

-22.22

Muradabad(UP)

25.00

-19.35

2236.00

2590

2600

0.78

Agra(UP)

25.00

13.64

3807.00

2635

2640

-0.57

Madhoganj(UP)

25.00

25

3949.00

2430

2430

4.74

Balrampur(UP)

25.00

4.17

1404.00

2400

2400

6.19

Gorakhpur(UP)

24.50

-23.44

1853.70

2540

2530

-

Tamluk (Medinipur E)(WB)

24.00

NC

354.00

2500

2400

-7.41

Durgapur(WB)

21.00

-4.55

1333.25

2900

2850

8.21

Kolaghat(WB)

21.00

-8.7

319.00

2500

2400

-7.41

Partaval(UP)

20.00

-11.11

1013.00

2665

2540

13.40

Vilaspur(UP)

20.00

-4.76

1998.20

2590

2580

3.19

Paliakala(UP)

19.00

11.76

977.00

2410

2425

4.33

Jaunpur(UP)

18.50

-38.33

1818.00

2630

2600

11.91

Sirsaganj(UP)

16.50

10

1413.00

2600

2630

-2.62

Dahod(Guj)

16.20

-66.46

1179.20

4325

4300

8.13

Raath(UP)

16.00

128.57

345.20

2375

2350

-

Kolar(Kar)

15.00

87.5

410.00

5091

5073

0.37

Banda(UP)

15.00

36.36

480.50

2420

2415

1.47

Pukhrayan(UP)

15.00

50

743.00

2200

2400

-6.38

Chorichora(UP)

15.00

-11.76

1805.50

2500

2510

2.46

Chintamani(Kar)

14.00

-17.65

687.00

2200

2200

-2.22

Farukhabad(UP)

14.00

12

1410.00

2475

2450

-6.60

Bharthna(UP)

14.00

21.74

2457.00

2500

2515

-5.30

Etawah(UP)

12.00

9.09

2729.50

2460

2455

-6.46

Mawana(UP)

12.00

NC

488.20

2800

2800

-

Jafarganj(UP)

12.00

71.43

1254.00

2410

2420

-0.41

Rasda(UP)

12.00

-25

742.50

2560

2550

1063.64

Champadanga(WB)

12.00

-33.33

904.00

3150

3250

5.00

Bahraich(UP)

11.80

-18.62

1354.90

2400

2400

-1.64

Pratapgarh(UP)

11.00

NC

579.50

2400

2410

7.38

Rampurhat(WB)

10.80

-6.09

294.30

2610

2610

8.75

Ramkrishanpur(Howrah)(WB)

10.80

-16.92

178.40

3400

3400

13.33

Sheoraphuly(WB)

10.70

2.88

236.40

3100

3200

NC

Kalna(WB)

10.50

-16

961.50

2800

2850

-2.44

Nawabganj(UP)

10.00

-16.67

937.00

2400

2400

50.00

Kayamganj(UP)

10.00

NC

2169.00

2460

2490

-7.17

Jhijhank(UP)

10.00

25

533.50

2380

2430

-

Kalyani(WB)

10.00

185.71

123.00

3400

3400

NC

Mahoba(UP)

9.00

-3.23

527.90

2450

2460

6.75

Soharatgarh(UP)

9.00

-5.26

1793.20

2530

2530

2.43

Sahiyapur(UP)

8.00

-20

2873.50

2550

2540

4.29

Ajuha(UP)

8.00

-11.11

524.00

2450

2460

-4.30

Indus(Bankura Sadar)(WB)

8.00

-20

1287.00

2800

2800

1.82

Bijnaur(UP)

7.50

-6.25

303.50

2590

2600

9.28

Amroha(UP)

7.00

27.27

149.50

2580

2590

-0.77

Etah(UP)

7.00

-12.5

572.00

2600

2600

0.58

Raibareilly(UP)

7.00

16.67

1811.00

2320

2310

-2.11

Mohamadabad(UP)

6.50

-7.14

976.60

2460

2460

-

Kannauj(UP)

6.00

-7.69

529.60

2400

2450

-7.69

Kasganj(UP)

5.00

NC

581.50

2610

2610

2.35

Mirzapur(UP)

5.00

NC

363.50

2670

2665

9.65

Auraiya(UP)

4.50

NC

288.10

2470

2480

-3.14

Devariya(UP)

4.50

-30.77

1200.50

2530

2540

2.85

Atarra(UP)

4.00

14.29

954.50

2380

2410

0.21

Fatehpur Sikri(UP)

4.00

-4.76

190.90

2570

2560

-2.28

Achalda(UP)

4.00

NC

419.90

2470

2500

11.76

Tulsipur(UP)

4.00

300

118.10

2400

2420

-

Naanpara(UP)

4.00

122.22

728.20

2400

2400

NC

Nadia(WB)

4.00

-20

307.00

3400

3200

-10.53

Unnao(UP)

3.50

-12.5

343.00

2445

2435

-8.60

Lucknow(UP)

3.50

-16.67

5020.90

2450

2480

-13.43

Pilibhit(UP)

3.50

40

46992.00

2560

2610

-2.29

Chitwadagaon(UP)

3.50

NC

511.80

2620

2620

24.76

Vishalpur(UP)

3.00

-70

551.20

2580

2650

-2.09

Uluberia(WB)

2.80

NC

69.50

2600

2600

-10.34

Kosikalan(UP)

2.50

-16.67

290.00

2540

2560

-2.31

Tundla(UP)

2.50

-61.54

339.50

2630

2620

-0.38

Bishalgarh(Tri)

2.20

NC

2740.00

3600

3600

-

Muskara(UP)

2.00

11.11

104.30

2375

2400

-0.21

Charra(UP)

1.60

-33.33

149.70

2550

2550

0.39

Shikohabad(UP)

1.50

50

294.00

2625

2625

-11.32

Puranpur(UP)

1.50

-25

2196.00

2590

2600

-0.38

Garbeta(Medinipur)(WB)

1.50

NC

37.00

2800

2800

-26.32

Panichowki(Kumarghat)(Tri)

1.40

7.69

84.90

2930

2850

-

Baberu(UP)

1.30

-18.75

105.30

2400

2410

3.23

Maudaha(UP)

1.20

NC

42.90

2420

2370

2.11

Bishnupur(Bankura)(WB)

1.20

-42.86

215.00

2600

2600

NC

Alibagh(Mah)

1.00

NC

113.00

2200

2200

NC

Devala(Mah)

1.00

NC

2.00

1370

1365

-

Murud(Mah)

1.00

NC

111.00

2200

2200

NC

Bareilly(UP)

1.00

-50

2058.00

2595

2590

-2.08

Khair(UP)

1.00

NC

86.60

2580

2580

-0.39

Lalganj(UP)

1.00

25

294.80

2300

2300

31.43

Milak(UP)

1.00

-71.43

160.00

2600

2630

-

Anandnagar(UP)

0.90

NC

239.70

2520

2510

5.00

Atrauli(UP)

0.70

NC

18.50

2550

2550

-

Khatra(WB)

0.70

-22.22

113.60

2600

2600

-1.89

Achnera(UP)

0.60

NC

47.00

2620

2620

2.75

Gurusarai(UP)

0.60

NC

26.20

2450

2485

-2.00

Kasipur(WB)

0.58

13.73

6.31

2500

2560

-6.02

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Published on September 10, 2020

https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/economy/agri-business/rice-prices/article32573532.ece

 

Rice Prices Hit 18 Months Peak As Virus Strains Export Logistics

India's 5 per cent broken parboiled rice prices climbed to $387-$394 per tonne from last week's $384-$390.

EconomyReutersUpdated: September 10, 2020 7:23 pm IST

Description: Rice Prices Hit 18 Months Peak As Virus Strains Export Logistics

 

Rice export prices in top hub India rose to their highest in nearly 18 months this week as supplies remained constrained due to pandemic-induced disruptions, while Bangladesh may have to import the staple after natural calamities damaged crops.

India's 5 per cent broken parboiled rice prices climbed to $387-$394 per tonne from last week's $384-$390.

With the top exporter now behind only the United States in the tally of COVID-19 cases, exporters have been grappling with limited availability of containers and mill workers at its biggest rice handling port of Kakinada on the east coast.

"Coronavirus outbreak has affected rice milling in Andhra Pradesh and loading operations at Kakinada. Limited supplies are available for exports though demand is robust," said a Kakinada-based exporter.

In Bangladesh, domestic prices have risen up to 20 per cent over a month amid fears of a production shortfall.

Excessive rainfall in March-April, cyclone Amphan in May and three spells of floods in June-July damaged most crops, of which 70 per cent was paddy, according to agricultural ministry officials.

Bangladesh needs to start importing rice without any delay, sources familiar with the matter said.

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In Vietnam too, low domestic supplies pushed prices for 5 per cent broken rice to $490-$495 a tonne on Thursday from $490 last week.

"Domestic supplies are very low at the moment, while some exporters continue to fulfill their contracts signed earlier with customers from Malaysia, Timor-Leste and Africa," a trader in the Mekong Delta province of Tien Giang said.

Traders expect prices to come down in the coming weeks ahead of the autumn-winter harvest.

Adding to demand woes, another trader said the Philippines could suspend rice purchases at least until November to support domestic prices of an ongoing harvest there.

In Thailand, benchmark 5 per cent broken rice prices eased to $487-510 per tonne on Thursday from $500-$513 last week amid muted demand.

https://www.ndtv.com/business/rice-prices-hit-18-months-peak-as-virus-strains-export-logistics-2293491

 

 

Vietnam increases revenues from rice sales with equal volumes

Description: Vietnam increases revenues from rice sales with equal volumesHanoi, Sep 9 (Prensa Latina) Vietnam exported 4.5 million tons of rice in the first eight months of 2020, as much as in the same period last year, but revenues increased considerably, local experts said on Wednesday.

 

Sales until August totaled 2.2 billion dollars, accounting for a year-on-year increase of 10.4%, thanks to the recovery of international prices and the improved quality of Vietnamese rice, they pointed out.

The average price of exports grew 12.4% from last year, so a ton is quoted at 489 dollars, as a result of a higher demand due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the experts explained.

The Philippines was Vietnam's major buyer until August, acquiring nearly 40% of that volume, while the largest increases in exports were to Senegal (18 times more), Indonesia (18 times more) and China (more than twice).

According to local exporters, the recent activation of the free trade agreement with the European Union will allow Vietnam to increase rice exports substantially.

The country gained great access to the international market after signing the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP).

Vietnam is the world's third major rice supplier, after India and Thailand, but experts think that it will move up to the second place in relatively soon.

jg/mem/asg


Temas Relacionados:

https://www.plenglish.com/index.php?o=rn&id=59626&SEO=vietnam-increases-revenues-from-rice-sales-with-equal-volumes

 

 

 

 

 

 

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SAN DIEGO, CA, Sept. 09, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- via NEWMEDIAWIRE -- Medical Marijuana, Inc. (OTC: MJNA) (the “Company”), the first-ever publicly traded cannabis company in the United States that launched the world’s first-ever cannabis-derived nutraceutical products, brands and supply chain, announced today that its subsidiary Kannaway® has signed a Trademark License and Royalty Agreement with direct selling company The Best Friend (“TBF”). 

As a part of the agreement, the new venture, TBF by Kannaway®, will sell a super-premium line of veterinarian-developed pet food products, as well as a line of cannabidiol (CBD) tinctures designed for pets, throughout Europe.

These pet food products are created by a research and development team composed of world-renowned premium dog breeders, scientists and veterinarians. They have been designed to meet the strictest requirements for quality, nutritional value, consistency, digestibility, and have a low risk of allergy reactions. The new line of TBF best-selling super-premium feeds includes:

• Beef & Rice 3kg

• Lamb & Rice 3kg

• Junior Complex 3kg

“CBD hemp oil has been researched by top veterinarians to improve cardiovascular, orthopedic and mental animal health,” said Medical Marijuana, Inc. CEO Dr. Stuart Titus. “We’re excited to be able to offer some of the highest-quality pet food products in Europe and soon launch a new line of CBD products that can nicely supplement them.” 

Brand ambassadors who were previously selling TBF products exclusively will now market and sell The Best Friend by Kannaway® as well as other CBD products through Kannaway®’s expansive direct selling network. 

“According to Grandview Research, Europe’s market for pet food in 2018 was the largest pet food market in the world and that growth only continues with a global pet food market that is expected to reach $113.08 billion by 2025,” said Kannaway® CEO Blake Schroeder. “Joining forces with TBF will not only allow us to expand our product offering and gain an entirely new subset of customers, but it will also allow TBF distributors to earn another source of revenue.”

TBF was founded just 13 months ago by Tobias Sukenik, Michal Kyselica and Michal Prazenica, and has already achieved tremendous growth. Currently, TBF has over 10,000 registered partners in 6 countries, making it one of the fastest-growing pet direct selling companies in Europe. 

To learn more about The Best Friend by Kannaway®, please visit http://www.kannaway.com and attend the upcoming Kannaway® Europe webinar on September 10. 

About Kannaway®

Kannaway® is a network sales and marketing company specializing in the sales and marketing of hemp-based botanical products. Kannaway® currently hosts weekly online sales meetings and conferences across the United States, offering unique insight and opportunity to sales professionals who are desirous of becoming successful leaders in the sale and marketing of hemp-based botanical products.

About Medical Marijuana, Inc.

We are a company of firsts®. Medical Marijuana, Inc. (MJNA) is a cannabis company with three distinct business units in the non-psychoactive cannabinoid space: a global portfolio of cannabinoid-based nutraceutical brands led by Kannaway® and HempMeds®; a pioneer in sourcing the highest-quality legal non-psychoactive cannabis products derived from industrial hemp; and a cannabinoid-based clinical research and botanical drug development sector led by its pharmaceutical investment companies and partners including AXIM® Biotechnologies, Inc. and Kannalife, Inc. Medical Marijuana, Inc. was named a top CBD producer by CNBC. Medical Marijuana, Inc. was also the first company to receive historic import permits for CBD products from the governments of Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, and Paraguay and is a leader in the development of international markets. The company’s flagship product Real Scientific Hemp Oil has been used in several successful clinical studies throughout Mexico and Brazil to understand its safety and efficacy. 

Medical Marijuana, Inc.’s headquarters is in San Diego, California, and additional information is available at OTCMarkets.com or by visiting www.medicalmarijuanainc.com. To see Medical Marijuana, Inc.’s corporate video, click here.

Shareholders and consumers are also encouraged to buy CBD oil and other products at Medical Marijuana, Inc.’s shop.

FORWARD-LOOKING DISCLAIMER

This press release may contain certain forward-looking statements and information, as defined within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and is subject to the Safe Harbor created by those sections. This material contains statements about expected future events and/or financial results that are forward-looking in nature and subject to risks and uncertainties. Such forward-looking statements by definition involve risks, uncertainties and other factors, which may cause the actual results, performance or achievements of Medical Marijuana, Inc. to be materially different from the statements made herein.

FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION (FDA) DISCLOSURE

These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.

LEGAL DISCLOSURE

Medical Marijuana, Inc. does not sell or distribute any products that are in violation of the United States Controlled Substances Act.

CONTACT:

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Andrew Hard
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CMW Media
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andrew.hard@cmwmedia.com
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CATCH-UP GROWTH CANNOT UNDO DAMAGE FROM UNDERNUTRITION

by Jef L. Leroy, Edward A. Frongillo, Pragya Dewan, Maureen M. Black and Robert A. Waterland | September 10, 2020

Linear growth retardation is a widely used marker of undernutrition. While the development community has long worked to reduce the worldwide prevalence of stunted linear growth, in recent decades the possibility of reversing growth retardation has attracted increasing interest. Although helping stunted children achieve “catch-up growth” seems a worthwhile aim, it is one that begs several questions.

In particular, we must ask if catch-up growth is actually possible, and if so, does it necessarily translate into recovery from the broader consequences of undernutrition, such as delays in neurocognitive development, increased risk of chronic disease and death, lower educational attainment, and reduced earnings in adulthood? The answers to these questions will have important implications for the design and evaluation of nutrition interventions and policies. In a new paper in Advances in Nutrition, we delve into these questions by examining the potential to recover from undernutrition in three domains: linear growth, developmental epigenetics, and brain and neurocognitive development.

What is catch-up growth?

Broadly, catch-up growth is a reversal of growth retardation. But varying criteria and methodologies for determining catch-up growth abound in the literature, creating confusion about how to identify and study it. Four criteria must be met to demonstrate catch-up growth:

1.      A growth-inhibiting condition,

2.      A resultant period of lower-than-normal linear growth velocity,

3.      Alleviation of the inhibiting condition, and

4.      A subsequent period of faster-than-normal growth.

The only way to reduce the height gap accumulated during the period of lower-than-normal growth velocity is for children to subsequently gain length or height in absolute terms faster than the expected linear growth velocity for their age and sex. Just like a lagging cyclist in a race must pedal much, much faster to catch up to a rider ahead, a child must grow at a much faster rate to catch up to where he or she would have been had there been no period of lower-than-normal growth.

Only absolute height velocity—the change in height in cm with age—can be used to study catch-up growth. The common use of height-for-age Z-scores (HAZ), a relative measure of child growth, is incorrect. First, they are constructed using cross-sectional standard deviations and are thus inappropriate to study longitudinal changes in height with age. A second reason is that absolute height velocity directly relates to the consequences of linear growth retardation. Contrary to what is commonly believed, only two sets of outcomes are caused by linear growth retardation: obstructed labor and poor birth outcomes, both of which are more common in mothers who are short due to linear growth retardation during childhood. What matters for these outcomes is the absolute height of the mother, not her relative size. Other outcomes like child development, work capacity, and noncommunicable disease risk at adulthood are associated with linear growth retardation but not actually caused by it. So catch-up growth will not improve them.

To find out if catch-up growth is possible, we reviewed a set of 13 studies on adopted children under the age of five. Since adoptions provide radical improvements in a child’s environment—including diet, water, sanitation, hygiene, and caretaking—they fulfill the first three criteria for catch-up growth and allow for assessing the fourth. We found evidence of catch-up growth in nine of the studies. This suggests that catch-up growth is biologically possible when children’s home environments radically improve. But what is the relevance of this finding for nutrition policies and programs? Nutrition interventions can improve linear growth, but the size of the improvement is typically a fraction of what is found in the adoption studies and thus insufficient for catch-up growth. In addition, the direct benefits of increasing height early in life are limited to women, as noted above. We must therefore ask whether children can recover in other domains after suffering from undernourishment. To answer this question, we reviewed evidence from developmental epigenetics and child development.

Developmental epigenetics

Epigenetics is the study of mitotically heritable changes in how genetic information is ultimately expressed in an organism. Environmental exposures during critical windows of development can have lifelong metabolic consequences. Nutritional influences on developmental epigenetics have been studied extensively over the past decade. A prime example is DNA methylation, which modulates gene expression potential; pro-methylation dietary supplementation in mice before and during pregnancy has been shown to change the coat color and tail kinkiness of their offspring.

It is hard to study some of these mechanisms in humans. But the Gambia’s single annual rainy season, which results in dramatic seasonal variation in energy expenditure and availability of specific foods, provides a natural experiment. A recent study of subsistence-farming communities there found that maternal nutrition around the time of conception influenced DNA methylation in their children. Given the highly stable nature of this molecular mark, recovery from the epigenetic effects of periconceptional malnutrition is unlikely. More studies are currently underway that should shed further light on what this means for human health.

Brain and neurocognitive development

It has long been recognized in child development that if a stimulus or other input (such as nutrition) is not received within a critical time period, permanent damage occurs. A folic acid deficiency in a newly pregnant woman, for example, increases her child’s risk of developing certain irreversible conditions like spina bifida. Poverty and associated stresses often coincide with and compound the effects of nutritional deficiencies. Isolating the effects of nutritional deprivation on neurocognitive development can therefore be difficult.

The Bucharest Early Intervention Project assessed the impact of severe deprivation on early brain development. Children between the ages of six and 31 months who had lived in orphanages since birth were randomized into foster care placements or kept in an orphanage. Another group of children who had never been institutionalized served as a comparison group. The study found differential effects of environmental deprivation and stress on children’s gray matter (processing and cognition) and white matter (learning). On all counts, the orphanage group experienced the least development. The foster care group, which notably achieved complete catch up in linear growth by 42 months, showed no difference from the orphanage group in terms of gray matter and experienced incomplete recovery in terms of white matter volume and cognition.

The Bucharest study provides three lessons. First, early environmental stress associated with institutionalization affects brain development and function. Second, complete recovery in complex functions is difficult (even with comprehensive interventions). Third, complete catch-up in linear growth does not necessarily reflect recovery in other domains such as brain development, structure, and function.

Implications for nutrition programs and policies

Prolonged undernourishment early in life leads to negative outcomes that are both profound and irreversible. Although subsequent drastic improvements in a child’s nutrition can in some cases partially alleviate deficits in linear growth and neurocognitive development, they will not erase the permanent marks of a mother’s undernutrition just before or early in pregnancy on her child’s DNA methylation. Nor will interventions aimed at reversing linear growth retardation fully restore the trajectory of neurocognitive development. Rather, the benefits are limited. Thus, scientific, program, and policy efforts should focus on preventing maternal and child undernutrition rather than on correcting its consequences or attempting to prove they can be corrected.


Jef L. Leroy is a Senior Research Fellow with the International Food Policy Research Institute's (IFPRI's) Poverty, Health, and Nutrition Division. Edward A. Frongillo is a Professor and Director of Global Health Initiatives at the Arnold School of Public Health at the University of South Carolina. Pragya Dewan is a Consultant in Monitoring And Evaluation for Education at UNICEF and a former IFPRI Research Analyst. Maureen M. Black is a Professor at the University of Maryland School of Medicine and Distinguished Fellow at RIT International. Robert A. Waterland is a Professor at the Baylor College of Medicine. Tracy Brown is an IFPRI Senior Editor; she prepared the text of this post. A4NH provided funding for this research.

This post first appeared on IFPRI's website.

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·         Scientists: Eating White Rice Triggers Diabetes

Health

Scientists: Eating White Rice Triggers Diabetes

September 9, 20202 min readNatasha Kumar

White rice has recently been considered a harmful food. This is due not only to the ability to gain excess weight. Scientists in a new study found that the use of the product is the cause of diabetes.

Researchers recruited about 130,000 volunteers to participate in the study. The experiment lasted for 10 years. Thanks to the results obtained, experts have found that eating white rice increases the risk of diabetes. During the grinding and polishing of the food, large amounts of nutrients, in particular vitamin B, are removed. At the same time, cereals have a high glycemic index, which provokes a jump in blood sugar levels.

An experiment conducted about 8 years ago, in which 45,000 volunteers participated, allowed researchers to find that the risk of diabetes is increased by 11% in people who eat white rice. But this indicator varied depending on the country where the study was conducted. Experts decided to find out the reason for this result. Participants from 21 states were involved. As a result, it turned out that the disease was often detected in the inhabitants of South Asia, where cereal is one of the main products. Also, with the help of additional analysis, it was found that this region is home to the largest number of people with a genetic predisposition to diabetes, as well as those whose lifestyle contributes to the manifestation of the disease. Volunteers from South Asian countries who eat a lot of rice ate low-fiber foods, dairy products and meat in their diets.

For this reason, people with a predisposition to the disease need to reduce the amount of white rice they eat or replace it with unpolished brown rice. It is also important to lead a healthy lifestyle and review the diet for variety and healthiness. If you have any health problems, you should consult a doctor.

https://thetimeshub.in/scientists-eating-white-rice-triggers-diabetes/845/

 

 

Voting is essential this year

By Lila Greiner     9/8/20 10:09pm

Political engagement is now both more important and more difficult than ever. The stakes always seem higher in a presidential election year but now — with the pandemic, the protests and everything in between — the stakes feel like they were tied to a rocketship and are currently somewhere orbiting Jupiter. It must be pointed out that 2020, while certainly a uniquely disastrous year for America, is really the result of years of built up ideology. The Trump administration has refused to listen to science for years, so how could we be surprised when they failed miserably in the face of a disaster only scientists could solve? And the all-too-frequent incidents of racism and deadly police brutality are unacceptable, but unfortunately, nothing new. The president has been regularly stoking the fires of racial tension for years, with many Americans simply basking in the glow of the flames. America has certainly been tested this year, but we’ve tried to cheat our way out of it with a page ripped from a 1930s German textbook. It’s no wonder we’ve failed. 

If this makes you angry, do something. I know it is easy to be down on political engagement right now. It feels like the government has done nothing but fail our generation and honestly, it’s kind of true. This administration’s response to the pandemic has lost thousands of American lives, the environment is being destroyed without a qualm, and we live in a country where we aren’t granted the basic rights like a livable wage or healthcare. However, we cannot give up. Now it is finally our chance to do something about it. Please keep going to protests, sharing information online and having those tough conversations. But also contact your representatives, find a campaign that you identify with and vote! If we want to improve the system, we must elect people who will listen. That will only happen if we politically engage.

You can easily communicate with your representatives in a healthy and socially distant manner. I can’t count the number of emails I’ve sent to city council members, representatives and senators this summer. Politicians are motivated by the desire to be reelected, so make it clear that you are willing to fight with them if they will champion your causes and that you will fight against them if necessary. And don’t forget about your local representatives. Harris County alone has over 50 non-federal elections this year. These officials have a huge impact on your daily life and they almost always need help on their campaigns. You can easily get involved by phone banking, which can be done from your room, or emailing the campaign to see what they might need. Most importantly, vote. Vote early if you can, vote by mail, do whatever it takes to make sure your vote is counted. Make a solid plan and stick to it. For too long the people in power have relied on the apathy of the masses to continue serving the needs of only a few. We must not let this continue. 

I get it. 2020 sucks and it feels like there is nothing we can do. But this year isn’t an accident. The previous generations built a system that actively fostered the disasters we are facing today, from building racial tensions to refusing to invest in our health or safety. That doesn’t mean we should sit back and watch America collapse around us. The voice of the people can be the most powerful tool in a democracy if used correctly. We need to take all of the energy and pain from this summer and use it to reshape our government to work for us.

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https://www.ricethresher.org/article/2020/09/voting-is-essential-this-year

 

 

New Rice Import Data Helps USA Rice Members Better Monitor Market Trends 

By Jesica Kincaid

 

WASHINGTON, DC -- On July 1, the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC) implemented new Harmonized Tariff Schedule (HTS) codes for milled and brown jasmine and milled basmati rice, following a successful petition led by USA Rice earlier this year.  This month, the first data using the new codes was published for rice imports and exports in July.

The new HTS codes, also referred to as import codes, are particularly useful for refining import data from Thailand and India, the largest U.S. import origins by volume and primary sources for jasmine and basmati, respectively.  As can be seen in the table below, in June 2020 and all months prior, the majority of imports from Thailand and India were lumped into the 'Milled Long Grain' category.

"Our members have long assumed that the bulk of imports coming from origins like Thailand and India fall into the fragrant rice categories but now we are sure of it," said Peter Bachmann, USA Rice vice president of international trade policy.  "When our members formally asked us to pursue this change to the HTS codes in February, we swiftly moved to file a petition with the support from member companies and just seven months later we're seeing the fruits of that labor through a more specified level of data."

"From the perspective of someone buying and selling rice, this breakdown of long grain imports to account for jasmine and basmati is tremendously helpful," said Ryan Carwell, Arkansas rice merchant and chair of the USA Rice Merchants' Association.  "We can now identify new market trends and determine how we, as an industry, may need to adapt to changing consumer demands moving forward."

The new data is available through the U.S. Department of Agriculture's 
Global Agriculture Trading System for rice imports and exports from July 2020 onward.

USDA Reminds Farmers of September 30 Deadline to Update Safety-Net Program Crop Yields

Contact: FPAC.BC.Press@usda.gov

Don’t Miss This One-Time Opportunity - First Since 2014

WASHINGTON, Sept. 8, 2020 – USDA’s Farm Service Agency (FSA) reminds farm owners that they have a one-time opportunity to update Price Loss Coverage (PLC) program yields for covered commodities on the farm. The deadline is September 30, 2020, to update yields, which are used to calculate the PLC payments for 2020 through 2023. Additionally, producers who elected Agriculture Risk Coverage (ARC) should also consider updating their yields.

“The last time farmers could update yields for these important safety-net programs was in 2014,” said FSA Administrator Richard Fordyce. “It is the farm owner’s choice whether to update or keep existing yields. So, if you rent, you’ll need to communicate with your landlord who will be the one to sign off on the yield updates.”

Updating yields requires the signature of one owner on a farm and not all owners. If a yield update is not made, no action is required to maintain the existing base crop yield on file with FSA.

For program payments, updated yields will apply beginning with the 2020 crop year which, should payments trigger, will be paid out in October of 2021.

Determining Yield Updates

The updated yield will be equal to 90% of the average yield per planted acre in crop years 2013-2017. That excludes any year where the applicable covered commodity was not planted and is subject to the ratio obtained by dividing the 2008-2012 average national yield by the 2013-2017 average national yield for the covered commodity.

The chart below provides the ratio obtained by this calculation.

Covered Commodities

National Yield Factor

Barley

0.9437

Canola

0.9643

Chickpeas, Large

1.0000

Chickpeas, Small

0.9760

Corn

0.9000

Crambe

1.0000

Flaxseed

1.0000

Grain Sorghum

0.9077

Lentils

1.0000

Mustard Seed

0.9460

Oats

0.9524

Peanuts

0.9273

Peas, Dry

0.9988

Rapeseed

1.0000

Rice, Long

0.9330

Rice, Medium

0.9887

Rice, Temp Japonica

0.9591

Safflower

1.0000

Seed Cotton

0.9000

Sesame Seed

0.9673

Soybeans

0.9000

Sunflower Seed

0.9396

Wheat

0.9545

If the reported yield in any year is less than 75 percent of the 2013-2017 average county yield, the yield will be substituted with 75 percent of the county average yield.

More information

PLC yields may be updated on a covered commodity-by-covered commodity basis by submitting FSA form CCC-867 to include a farm owner’s signature.

For more information, reference resources, and decision tools, visit farmers.gov/arc-plc. Contact your local FSA county office for assistance at farmers.gov/service-center-locator.

https://www.fsa.usda.gov/news-room/news-releases/2020/usda-reminds-farmers-of-september-30-deadline-to-update-safety-net-program-crop-yields

 

 

RiceTec Virtual Field Day

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REGISTER NOW

2020 is a special year for RiceTec. We are celebrating 30 years as a company and 20 years since the first commercial hybrid release. We had hoped to celebrate with you at our annual field day, but the COVID-19 pandemic caused a change in plans. We hope this virtual field day video series will be a good way for you to get updated on RiceTec products and initiatives.

If you complete the required videos and answer a few questions, you will receive a certificate of completion. All domestic certificate holders will also receive a gift card from RiceTec to thank you for your completion of the video series.

Crop consultants can receive credit for completing the video series.

Thank you for taking the time to participate virtually. We hope you enjoy the presentations.

Featured Programs

https://fieldday.ricetec.com/

 

 

BRAZIL SHOULD CONSIDER ELIMINATING IMPORT TARIFFS ON CORN, SOY -CONAB PRESIDENT

 

9/10/2020